There is a medicine that can be found in every home medicine chest. And some of them are especially popular among housewives for many years. Medics, of course, are quite skeptical about self-treatment in general, and to medicines used at home, in particular, but they all believe that every family should have its own first-aid kit. And one of the drugs that should be present in it is potassium permanganate. What is it for? Well, at least to prepare a solution of potassium permanganate in case of poisoning for gastric lavage.
Potassium permanganate or potassium permanganate or potassium permanganate has been known for more than a dozen years as an excellent antiseptic. It looks like a dry substance - tiny crystals painted in maroon color. Potassium permanganate rather well dissolved in water.
This substance has long been used to treat poisoning. It perfectly destroys the pathological particles in the digestive tract and helps to remove them from the body. Potassium permanganate can transfer various chemicals to a completely safe (inactive) form, for example, alcohol and even its surrogates. In addition, this chemical destroys the cell wall of many microbes.
It is believed that a weak solution of potassium permanganate is an excellent method of emergency care for:
- symptoms of food poisoning,
- manifestations of alcohol poisoning,
- symptoms of phosphorus poisoning,
- manifestations of alkaloid poisoning,
- symptoms of hydrocyanic acid poisoning,
- manifestations of quinine poisoning.
If there are poisonings with other substances of unknown origin, it is better to refuse washing with potassium permanganate. After all, with certain chemical elements, it can enter into a chemical reaction.
But at the same time, many doctors are quite skeptical about the use of potassium permanganate, because many people are too lazy to prepare it correctly, which is fraught with serious burns of mucous membranes.
How to prepare a solution of potassium permanganate for washing the stomach in case of poisoning?
To prepare a solution of the desired concentration, you need to take literally three or four grains of potassium permanganate at the tip of a knife and dissolve it in one liter of water. Our mothers and grandmothers prepared potassium permanganate a little differently. It was dissolved in water by eye, and then diluted the resulting liquid to the desired concentration with boiled water — to obtain a solution of pale pink color.
Regardless of how exactly you spread potassium permanganate, the prepared solution should be filtered through gauze folded in eight layers. Such a measure will help you to separate the crystals, which could not dissolve. After all, if they fall on the mucous membranes, you are provided with a burn.
How to wash the stomach with a solution of potassium permanganate?
Prepare a solution of potassium permanganate for the stomach as it was described above, take it inside. At the first symptoms of poisoning you need to drink this tool to the maximum extent possible. In most cases, such a stomach overflow causes the natural occurrence of vomiting - the stomach clears itself. But in some cases this does not happen, respectively, vomiting has to be caused on its own - by pressing fingers on the root of the tongue.
Doctors usually advise to carry out gastric lavage until the washings are completely clean. After that, it will not be superfluous to lie down for a while. To neutralize toxins that may have remained in the gastrointestinal tract, it is necessary to take some enterosorbent, for example, activated carbon, Smektu, Polysorb, Enterosgel, etc.
The method of cleaning the stomach with a solution of potassium permanganate is a simple, affordable and quite effective remedy that has been repeatedly tested by many patients.
However, washing the stomach with a solution of potassium permanganate is sometimes contraindicated. This tool can not be used by patients with hypersensitivity: skin irritation, allergic rhinitis and allergic bronchitis. This applies primarily to patients prone to the occurrence of violent allergic reactions.
Do not use a solution of potassium permanganate in relation to people who have lost consciousness and under other conditions when gastric lavage is in principle prohibited.
What can replace potassium permanganate?
If you do not have potassium permanganate on hand, then gastric lavage can be performed using ordinary plain water, a weak saline solution or a suspension of activated charcoal.
Why can not potassium permanganate be bought at the pharmacy?
Today, sale of potassium permanganate in pharmacies is limited. It can be purchased only by prescription. Such a restriction is completely justified, because this substance is explosive. Chemists argue that at certain temperatures, potassium permanganate can ignite on its own. In addition, there is evidence that such a drug is popular among drug addicts, and it can be used to create homemade drugs.
If the poisoning happens in a child, you need to quickly seek doctor's help. In children, the symptoms of intoxication are growing very quickly, and can carry a serious threat to health. Also, it is impossible to do without the help of doctors even if the patient’s condition deteriorates dramatically and all the “home” therapeutic measures do not bring proper relief.
Indications for gastric lavage
Washing with potassium permanganate is indicated in some cases when it is necessary to disinfect the stomach cavity from pathogenic microbes or toxic substances. This manipulation is performed with:
- food poisoning, which are persistent nausea and vomiting,
- poisonous poisonous vegetation,
- intoxication due to drug overdose,
If the patient becomes sick, he constantly vomits, then it will not be possible to carry out this procedure effectively. In order for potassium permanganate to have a good antiseptic effect, it is necessary to hold it in the stomach for at least several minutes.
With severe vomiting, it is advisable to first wash the stomach with slightly salted water, and only then go to a solution of potassium permanganate.
What is potassium permanganate?
Potassium permanganate is called a powder of dark purple color. When dissolved in water, the crystals of this powder stain the liquid pink. In the medical and chemical classification, it is called potassium permanganate or potassium permanganate.
The main "weapon" of potassium permanganate is considered an antiseptic effect. This became possible due to its ability to release active oxygen. The mechanism starts when the components come into contact with organic substances. When poisoning, they are the proteins of the skin.
To date, not very many compounds are known that are able to act in similar chemical reactions under identical conditions. It is about room temperature.
Potassium permanganate in case of poisoning functions as an oxidizing agent. This means that when taken orally, the following processes will occur:
- Convert chemicals to safe form. This is especially characteristic of cases of intoxication with alcoholic products and their substitutes.
- The destruction of the cell wall of a number of microorganisms. The latter are the primary sources of deterioration of health during the period of illness.
Indications and contraindications for use
Many people know that the solution of potassium permanganate in case of poisoning can quickly alleviate the patient's condition. But besides medicine, such a tool is now actively used in agriculture.
Specialists adopted it to disinfect plant rhizomes. Also, this tool is a component of creating photographs by different methods and an integral part of the composition of fireworks.
Schematically, all solutions based on potassium permanganate can be divided into two camps:
In the classical forms of poisoning, an exceptionally weak solution of potassium permanganate is involved. A variant with a high concentration has also found application in medicine, but it is usually used for external use. With it, treat wounds with purulent complication. Also, strong potassium permanganate can be used as a “marching aid” in surgical or traumatological practices. In the latter case, it is a treatment of burns.
Despite the use of a tool that is popular all over the world, it may not always be used. It is forbidden to use potassium permanganate in patients who are hypersensitive. Also at risk were those people who are peculiar to:
- irritation of the skin,
- allergic rhinitis,
- allergic bronchitis.
Also, caution is necessary to appoint such a tool to young children. In some cases, potassium permanganate is prescribed even for babies. But at home, washing the stomach with her babies before reaching school age is not worth it.
Potassium permanganate in case of poisoning
Most of the popular methods of treatment of food intoxication in the easy stage of its course are limited to just gastric lavage with manganese. But at the same time, an algorithm for how to dilute potassium permanganate for gastric lavage is not prescribed in such dubious reference books. Not everyone even knows how to properly wash with ordinary boiled water, not to mention the additives to it.
In order for such a procedure to be really effective, it is necessary to delay the diluted potassium permanganate in the stomach. If immediately after the introduction of the solution inside to induce vomiting by artificial means, then this will not help much. Here the principle of standard washing with boiled water will work. Then it makes no sense to spend time on the dilution of crystals.
That is why it is better to withstand a small interval between drinking the solution and causing vomiting. Of course, if the body did not want to get rid of the vomit mass itself and without pressing on the root of the tongue.
Initially manganese powder was used uncontrollably. Some even thought that the highest concentration was the best option. But this is an extremely risky decision. A little later, people learned to at least relatively control the dose. To do this, they used the following scheme:
- took the amount of powder "by eye",
- diluted it in a little water
- and then the resulting strong solution was diluted with pure water.
As a result, the solution turned a pale pink color. But with this scenario, there is one serious risk. Not all crystals can be completely dissolved in a liquid.
Now doctors already know that before taking the resulting mixture inside it must be filtered. At home, this can be done by folding gauze in 8 layers. This simple filter will be the guarantor of effective treatment.
If you ignore the rule, you can significantly harm the already weakened body. Undissolved crystals pose a threat to the integrity of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract. Getting into the esophagus, and then in the stomach, they are able to leave severe burns. To treat them is quite problematic, as they are of chemical origin.
It is much more efficient to simply add 3 crystals to one liter of water. This will achieve the desired consistency. After thorough mixing, it will only drain the solution.
The concentration of a weak solution of potassium permanganate provides for the content of potassium permanganate not higher than 0.1% of the total composition. Indicators of a strong solution range from 2% to 5%.
Gastric lavage rules
Having dealt with how to make the correct manganese solution, you can proceed to direct washing.
To qualitatively wash the stomach with potassium permanganate, you need to adhere to the following plan:
- Prepare about three liters of a weak solution of potassium permanganate. At the first reception, it is enough to drink about a liter.
- Induce vomiting. Sometimes the gag reflex works independently when a large amount of fluid is drunk. But if this does not happen, then you will have to induce vomiting by artificial means. To do this, strongly press the root of the tongue with the back of a spoon, a toothbrush or just two fingers, if there are no suitable objects nearby.
- Repeat procedure. Usually enough 2-3 times (that's why it was necessary to prepare more solution ahead of time). But the main indicator of the effectiveness of the therapy is the absence of vomit. If only water flows out of the stomach, the desired effect has been achieved and the washing can be stopped.
Some people think that manganese is a catalyst for the gag reflex. But in reality this is far from the truth. Vomiting begins due to the large use of fluids in a single approach, and not because of the characteristics of the powder. Because of this, in the absence of potassium permanganate, the stomach can be washed with boiling lukewarm water.
The functional responsibilities of diluted potassium permanganate are based on cleaning the mucous walls of the stomach. That is how all poisons and other harmful components accumulate.
Precautions when using potassium permanganate
Since potassium permanganate belongs to the group of active and at the same time potent substances, its use provides some precautions.
When preparing the solution, consider the following recommendations:
- the dissolution should occur in a clear glass or bottle,
- filtering is a mandatory procedure before use,
- accidental ingress of a strong solution inside threatens with methemoglobinemia.
The condition of methemoglobinemia indicates a lack of oxygen, which is not supplied in sufficient quantity to all organs and tissues. Primarily, the kidneys are affected by this syndrome.
If there is an accidental poisoning with strong potassium permanganate, the patient should be immediately hospitalized. The most effective antidote in this case is methylene blue. But you can enter it only intravenously in compliance with the recommended dosage. At home, such assistance is almost impossible to provide.
Adding the danger and the fact that the antidote must be administered in large quantities. Not even all specialized hospitals can boast such significant stocks of this antidote. So it is better to just use a weak solution than to threaten your own health even more.
Separately noteworthy are the rules for the storage of potassium permanganate, which are not always maintained by man in the street. To prevent the powder from losing its strength (or even turning into poison), it should be stored:
- in a tightly closed container
- away from direct ultraviolet radiation,
- in a room with normal humidity.
Do not shake the bottle with full content. Under some favorable conditions, this may provoke an explosion. No wonder that potassium permanganate is used to create fireworks.
Alternative means for replacing potassium permanganate
Those patients who are for some reason contraindicated so useful solution, can use saline or soda solutions for washing.
In a hospital setting, doctors use ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid salt. It helps to smooth the course of toxicoinfections. Abbreviated as this means is called EDTA. In the food industry, it passes under the code E-385. In the public domain it is impossible to find.
If a person is overtaken by food poisoning, then narrow-profile intestinal antiseptics will be appropriate. With them, instead of waiting until the action of potassium permanganate, you can achieve rapid destruction of the pathogen.
But no matter what method was chosen to alleviate the condition, accessing a doctor is an integral part of a plan for successful convalescence. Already in place, the specialist will prescribe a complex therapy and ask for a diagnosis. This will allow to find out the exact diagnosis and contribute to the correct course of treatment.
Potassium permanganate is a powerful antimicrobial and disinfectant substance. During the war years it was used for washing and treating wounds. For medical purposes, the drug is purchased in pharmacies.
In the list of antidotes used in poisoning, potassium permanganate is listed in the forefront. In order not to delve into the chemistry, it is only necessary to note that it neutralizes poisons and microbes that are formed when the functioning of the digestive tract is disturbed. How to use potassium permanganate for poisoning at home?
The first thing to remember is compliance with all rules of use. Those who have never had to deal with potassium permanganate, you need to know that this is a crystalline powder of almost black color. To obtain a solution, a small part of it is diluted with warm water. Once on the skin, he burns it, so you should handle it with extreme caution.
Recommendations for use
First you need to prepare a solution of potassium permanganate. Do it in glassware - a bottle or jar. The correct ratio is a ratio of 1:10, but since no housewife has a pharmacy scales and the ability to adhere to this volume, everything is prepared by eye.
Several crystals of the dry powder are poured with hot water (70 ° C) and stirred. The solution, no matter how hard you try, will turn out to be rather dark, and not all crystals will dissolve. Therefore, you need to wait until the sediment sinks to the bottom. Thus, a very concentrated solution of potassium permanganate is obtained.
For ingestion, take another can of pure water and add a concentrate of teaspoons until the liquid turns a light pink color. It is very important that undissolved crystals do not get into the water, as this can cause burns to the mucous membrane of the esophagus or stomach.
In case of poisoning to the patient, gastric lavage can be done at home. To do this, a person is given to drink a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate in large quantities (up to 1 l). After a short wait, you should induce mechanical vomiting, that is, insert 2 fingers (index and middle) down the throat, slightly touching the root of the tongue. Many people are mistaken and believe that vomiting should cause a large amount of fluid.
The sooner first aid is given in case of poisoning, the less is the likelihood of the negative impact of poisons.
Use depending on the type of poisoning
Poisoning can be:
If a person is poisoned with medicines (which may well happen if there are children in the house), it is very important to remove the poison from the stomach in time. It is necessary that a person be conscious and answer questions, because otherwise doing any manipulations is life threatening. The only way to remove the poison from the body is to let the victim drink a solution of potassium permanganate and induce vomiting.
If there is no ready-made solution on hand, do not wait and prepare it. In such cases, it is impossible to delay, since there will be a suction of poisons. The residence time of toxins in the body will aggravate the condition of the victim. It is necessary to induce vomiting with clean water, and then, having prepared manganese, drink it to neutralize residues of hazardous substances.
When can you not induce vomiting? In case of poisoning with chemical or household acids. If a chemical substance that irritates a liquid or vinegar in a high concentration enters the body, it is impossible to induce vomiting or to take the same solution of potassium permanganate, because an increase in the area of damage in the stomach will occur. In such a situation, you need to urgently call an ambulance.
In case of alcohol poisoning, a solution of potassium permanganate should be taken only if there are signs of poisoning - nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. You can drink 1 cup of light pink liquid.
It is better not to take a solution of potassium permanganate, if it is not known what exactly caused the poisoning, as it may enter into an undesirable reaction with certain substances.
Everyone can poison food by accidentally eating a poor-quality dish. The effects of food poisoning can be different. It all depends on what caused the poisoning. These may be incompatible products, botulism, poisonous mushrooms, etc. First, remove the contents of the stomach, causing vomiting. This is the most affordable and fast way to eliminate poisons from the body.
Why do we need a solution of potassium permanganate in case of poisoning, if vomiting can be caused in the usual way? Manganese neutralizes (weakens, destroys) bacteria and poisons in the contents of the stomach, and disinfected toxic substances can not cause harm to health.
It must be remembered that potassium permanganate itself can serve as a poisonous substance. In factories where potassium permanganate is used or produced, the health of workers is always at risk of intoxication. It can enter the body through the skin, respiratory tract, saliva. Penetrate into the body, manganese accumulates in the form of phosphates in various organs: bones, spinal cord and brain, liver, lungs. Therefore, in direct contact with manganese, all precautions are observed.
Potassium permanganate powder is better soluble in hot water (70 ° C). In case of poisoning, it is necessary to use a solution of manganese only in order to induce vomiting. The solution should be pale pink.
Drinking liquid with the drug often, for health purposes, is prohibited, it can be used once to neutralize toxins in the body.
It must be remembered that manganese crystals can cause severe burns; therefore, the powder should be diluted very carefully, following all precautions.
The solution of potassium permanganate is a home ambulance, which is how it is often referred to.
Potassium permanganate or common manganese is one of the most popular antiseptic agents. Despite the huge selection of modern drugs, the solution of potassium permanganate and today is used in some types of poisoning, inflammatory diseases, burns, pustular lesions on the skin.
The antiseptic and antimicrobial action of potassium permanganate is due to the fact that when interacting with organic substances, an oxidation reaction occurs with the release of oxygen.
In clinical practice, the solution of potassium permanganate is used for washing and disinfecting wounds, douching, rinsing. However, this habitual tool is not as harmless as it may seem at first glance. When preparing a solution of potassium permanganate you need to be very careful and cautious. Being a sufficiently strong oxidizing agent, high concentration potassium permanganate can cause burns or swelling of the mucous membranes of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus.
Therefore, it is important to strictly observe the recommended concentration and be sure to filter the ready-made solution so that no dissolved crystals are caught in it.
Apply the solution of potassium permanganate to the treatment of wounds and postoperative stitches Russian doctors began since the Great Patriotic War. I must say that today it is considered quite effective and effective. As an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent, a solution of potassium permanganate is especially convenient when it comes to children. Judge for yourself, most often small injuries smeared with iodine or brilliant green. Both of these products contain alcohol, and therefore cause a burning sensation when applied. Peroxide hisses and bubbles, and that scares some babies. In addition, potassium permanganate is more practical. For the treatment of wounds, abrasions or burns you need only a couple of crystals, which means that one bubble will last you for a long time. Agree, it is important if you relax, for example, in the country.
A strong, 5% solution of potassium permanganate, which is the color of red wine, is used to treat the edges of the wound and cauterize pustules on the skin. By the way, if you treat insect bites with this solution, itching will not be as severe.
A weaker solution of 0.25%, saturated pink color is used to wash wounds, cuts and abrasions. A light pink solution of 0.01% is used for gargling, washing the stomach in case of poisoning. The solution in this concentration is used in the treatment of stomatitis and gengivitis, as well as conjunctivitis, as an adjuvant.
Store the prepared solution of potassium permanganate in the refrigerator for no more than a day. Pharmaceutical preparation based on distilled water can last up to 10 days.
This disinfectant is suitable for treating wounds in domestic animals.
Not so long ago, a solution of potassium permanganate in case of poisoning was used even by emergency doctors. But for some time this is not recommended. Of course, potassium permanganate is not poison, and the risk of ingesting not dissolved crystals is not great. However, potassium permanganate itself does not possess any antidote properties. It does not neutralize harmful substances in any way, therefore it can hardly be called an effective remedy for poisoning. Potassium permanganate is used to flush the stomach, but with the same success you can drink plenty of salted water and induce vomiting. By the way, in Europe, saline was always used for washing the stomach in case of poisoning. One of the few cases in which potassium permanganate cannot be avoided is poisoning with codeine-containing drugs and morphine. It is also worth remembering that in case of an overdose of dipyrone a weak solution of citric acid will help, and sulfonamides will neutralize soda.
Recall that in case of ingestion of acetic essence, turpentine, acids or ammonia, it is strictly forbidden to do gastric lavage. To reduce the effect on the mucosa, give the victim to drink beaten eggs with sunflower or other vegetable oil, or a large amount of milk with the yolk mixed in it.
Note that a solution of potassium permanganate leaves indelible brown spots on tissues and skin. To remove them, for example, from hands, you will need a solution of ammonium sulfide (a teaspoon to a quarter cup of water). Stains on clothes and clothes are removed with a mixture of peroxide and lemon juice, vinegar, or the usual “Whiteness”.
In any food poisoning, first of all, gastric lavage is done. This procedure eliminates the toxic product from the body. However, not everyone knows how to wash the stomach at home.
What to do in case of poisoning
First of all, you need to call an ambulance. In the hospital, the victim will be carried out all the necessary procedures only by highly qualified specialists. However, it should be borne in mind that the "ambulance" may be delayed. Therefore, it is important to know how to wash the stomach at home.
If the first signs of intoxication, then you should drink plenty of water, and then artificially induce vomiting. You can do this by touching several fingers to the root of the tongue. This action will allow to provoke an emetic reflex. Of course, this is not very pleasant, but necessary. Otherwise, the toxic product will remain in the body and continue to poison it. It should be noted that as a result of this procedure, the consequences of intoxication will not be so serious. After all, the poison does not have time to suck into the walls of the stomach, and then get into the blood.
Since it is not quite easy to flush the stomach at home, you should follow a strict sequence of actions. Once the toxic product is removed from the stomach due to vomiting, you can proceed to the main stage. If there are no contraindications, you can begin gastric lavage. To do this, you can use solutions from products that are found in any first-aid kit or in the kitchen (we will tell about them later).
After preparing the drink, the victim should be seated on a hard stool and allowed to drink a liquid. If an adult has been poisoned, then he needs to take at least half a liter of solution at a time. If possible, and more. It is necessary to completely fill the stomach with the prepared drink so that the walls of the body begin to stretch. So the solution can get into each fold and thoroughly wash the toxin.
After this, it is necessary to provoke the gag reflex again. Of course, gastric lavage is not the most pleasant event. However, it is the most effective method for food poisoning.
What to do after washing
So, how to wash the stomach, figured out. But what to do next? At the end of the procedure, the patient should lie down for a while, about 10 minutes later, with a heating pad, of course, warm on the stomach. Here, too, has its own nuances. The heater should not be too hot, as this can only aggravate the patient's condition. It should be applied only through a non-thick diaper.
In addition, experts recommend giving activated carbon to the injured to neutralize the remaining poisons. Do not use laxatives after poisoning. They only aggravate the condition.
So, how to wash the stomach in case of poisoning? The first thing that comes to mind is a solution of ordinary drinking soda. It is prepared very simply. It is necessary to take water, preferably at room temperature, and dilute the powder in it. Per liter of liquid requires only one tablespoon of soda. All components should be mixed thoroughly so that the powder is completely dissolved. For the procedure will need up to four liters of a similar solution. Flush the stomach will need several times to completely neutralize toxins.
What is potassium permanganate used for?
Manganese - potassium permanganate - is a fine crystalline powder. Before use, it must be diluted in warm water. It turns out bright red or light pink solution, the color of which depends on the concentration. When a substance interacts with organic compounds, oxygen is released, which gives the liquid antiseptic properties. Because of this, potassium permanganate is often used for poisoning.
Strong saturated solution is usually used in surgery for the prevention of suppurative complications, as well as at home in the treatment of burns and wounds. Dilution of potassium permanganate in case of poisoning is advised in limited proportions so that the prepared solution is pale in color and does not harm the fragile mucous membrane.
Indications for use of the solution include:
- food poisoning
- prolonged nausea
- severe vomiting
- overdose with medications
- excessive alcohol intoxication,
- poisoning by alkalis, phosphorus or hydrocyanic acid.
A solution of potassium permanganate in case of poisoning can only be used if the vomiting has been stopped. The liquid must be in the stomach for at least 2-3 minutes.
How to prepare a solution
To wash the stomach with manganese for adults, a solution with a weak concentration is needed - no more than 0.1%. It is advisable to use boiled or distilled water. The optimum temperature is 35-37 degrees.
How to dilute potassium permanganate for gastric lavage:
- 0.5 l is poured into a transparent container. water.
- Crystals of manganese are added: quite a bit of powder on the tip of the knife is enough.
- The liquid is thoroughly mixed to dissolve all the crystals.
- The solution is filtered through cheesecloth to prevent solid particles from entering.
- Water is added: 3-5 liters, depending on the required concentration.
Potassium permanganate in children with poisoning should have a slightly pinkish hue; adults are allowed to use a stronger solution.
How to wash the stomach with potassium permanganate
The solution of potassium permanganate for washing the stomach is used gradually. For the first use, 500-600 ml is enough. The patient should drink the liquid in small sips, listening to his feelings. If vomiting does not begin in a few minutes, it will have to be caused by pressing on the root of the tongue with your fingers.
If the vomit contains an admixture of food, you need to drink potassium permanganate again. The procedure is repeated several times, until the liquid leaving the stomach becomes clear. After each vomiting, you should rinse your throat and mouth with clean water.
If washing the stomach with potassium permanganate does not produce a result and the patient is still experiencing symptoms of acute poisoning, it is necessary to stop the attempts at self-treatment and seek medical help. The symptoms inherent in food poisoning have some infectious diseases - botulism, leptospirosis and salmonellosis, which represent a serious danger to life.
In the free market to find potassium permanganate is quite difficult. New rules of sale state that you can buy powder only by prescription from a doctor. This is due to the explosiveness of the drug. Alternatively, other products with a similar effect can be used:
- Activated carbon,
If it is necessary to wash the stomach, and it is impossible to induce vomiting with potassium permanganate, it is replaced with soda or saline.
Potassium permanganate - what is it
The chemical drug potassium permanganate belongs to the oxidizing agents. The tool is a dark purple crystals. At cultivation water gets a bright red or saturated violet shade. The range of applications - industry, medicine, manufacturing. Demand solution and at home.
Every family tries to keep this powder in the first-aid kit. Earlier, potassium permanganate was sold freely in pharmacies. But the last 10 years, it is sold only by prescription. The restriction is due to the use of powder in clandestine manufacturing of narcotic drugs. Manganese has a short shelf life of 1 year.
When a solution enters the stomach, a chemical reaction occurs to release active oxygen, which serves as an antiseptic. This property is beneficial for home use.
Therapeutic effect of potassium permanganate
Manganese solution should be taken exclusively for washing the gastric cavity. This will help provoke the gag reflex. Harmful toxins and pathogens will leave the stomach along with vomit. The remaining toxic substances will be blocked and will not harm the patient.
Children are not allowed to use. Manganese provokes the strongest vomiting syndrome, bringing pain. A child may experience burns to the respiratory tract mucosa.
Potassium permanganate in poisoning is used in extremely weak concentrations. A strongly concentrated infusion will provoke chemical intoxication and irritation of the membranes of the digestive organs. Many doctors advise to use saline or soda solution for washing.
When to use
To release the stomach from toxic compounds, it is recommended to use water with a small amount of permanganate - the water is painted in a slightly pinkish color. Skin wounds and burns are treated with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. Purulent masses on the wound are also treated with highly concentrated infusion.
Gastric lavage is required if:
- In case of food poisoning, a symptom is noted - nausea or vomiting.
- It is required to get rid of poisoning with fake alcohol and cheap drink.
- Intoxication develops with phosphorus or quinine, hydrocyanic acid, alkali.
A person with a strong allergic reaction to potassium permanganate should not flush the mucous membrane of the gastric tract. Possible side effects: urticaria and allergic bronchitis or rhinitis.
A child and a teenager under the age of 18 should use the infusion only on the recommendation of the attending physician. The dose is calculated carefully so as not to harm the body. Infants usually bathe in water with potassium permanganate. It well disinfects and protects the skin.
Drink solution to relieve symptoms of poisoning is impossible. You can cause a complication in the health of the victim. The use of manganese is made clearly on the recommendation of a doctor.
Application of potassium permanganate
Severe intoxication of the body with organic or inorganic compounds requires urgent measures for the removal of poison. Before the ambulance arrives, the victim is washed in the stomach and provokes an emetic reflex. Previously used water with potassium crystals. Now doctors recommend saline or soda solution. But many still use the familiar method. Potassium permanganate is more effective than salt, has an antiseptic property.
In case of alcohol poisoning, the use of potassium permanganate makes chemical compounds and alcohol derivatives safe or completely blocks their action.
With bacterial intoxication or microbial damage - pathogens die.
In exceptional cases, doctors recommend drinking potassium permanganate in extremely low concentrations.
At home, the solution is prepared, focusing on the color of water. It should be painted in a slightly noticeable pink color. This approximates a concentration of 0.01–0.1%. Washing this infusion does not harm the body. To obtain the indicated concentration, 4 crystals of potassium permanganate and a liter of water are required.
Rich raspberry and purple color is present in strong infusion. Such a tool can not be used in self-treatment - provokes a painful chemical burn. Application requires medical supervision.
To dilute the powder, it is recommended to take cooled boiled and distilled water. Capacity use only transparent and glass. Mix everything thoroughly, pass the resulting liquid through cheesecloth (fold in 8 layers). Undissolved crystals will remain on the fabric and will not harm the mucous.
Ingestion of a strong infusion provokes methemoglobinemia - hypoxia of internal organs, more kidney tissue is affected.
Gastric lavage process
The procedure for cleaning the stomach of toxin has certain rules and procedures for application:
- Preparing an excess of infusion is not recommended - enough 1 liter.
- Drink the solution to be sitting.
- Manganese infusion begins to act inside after a minute, you have to wait.
- After 2-3 minutes, the gag reflex should begin, in the absence of - to cause artificially.
- To completely cleanse the stomach, you will need 3 liters of liquid - you need to drink 0.5 liters at a time.
- If you want to cause diarrhea - you need to do an enema with manganese.
Safety rules when working with potassium permanganate
Manganese readily reacts with virtually all naturally occurring substances. Therefore, it is recommended to follow the rules for working with powder:
- The crystals, which are not dissolved, remove from the solution.
- To exclude the penetration of grains of potassium permanganate on the mucosa of the respiratory tract.
- Obligatory use of transparent and glass containers.
- Store the infusion can not - you need to use immediately.
- Potassium permanganate should be kept away from open fire - an explosion of crystals is possible.
- Give to the patient only on the recommendation of the doctor.
- If the powder gets on your hands, rinse the affected areas thoroughly.
- Avoid contact with sugar, explosive substances and sand.
- If a large part of the skin is damaged, you cannot use permanganate.
It is not recommended to do gastric lavage with manganese for children - it is possible to provoke intoxication or burn of tissues. It is better to replace with another solution. In pregnancy, it is also worth refraining from taking the substance. How many crystals to use - the attending physician knows.
Consequences of misuse
In recent years, doctors have opposed the use of potassium permanganate to eliminate intoxication. It is believed that you need to use safer solutions - salt water or soda infusion.
Consequences of overdose or violation of the rules of application:
- The chemical burn of the stomach tissue is manifested by a burning sensation and sharp pains in the region of the pancreas and stomach.
- Severe muscle weakness and pallor of the skin occurs with a worsening of the patient's well-being.
- The tongue is colored blue or purple.
- After taking it in the third or fifth minute, severe diarrhea begins.
- The central nervous system is affected - breathing quickens, shortness of breath appears.
- Muscle cramps with loss of consciousness.
If there are such signs, you must immediately call the ambulance team or independently deliver the victim to the hospital.
The use of potassium permanganate requires careful adherence to safety rules and careful application. The solution is effective in washing the mucous membranes of the digestive tract and for healing purulent wounds.
Potassium permanganate should be used carefully and after consultation with the doctor. Apply permissible not for all poisonings and not for all people. Potassium permanganate is a potent chemical that can cause great harm to health. Therefore, a number of contraindications stand out:
- Gastrointestinal bleeding. If there are traces of blood in the gag and feces, it means that there is internal bleeding in the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. The presence of chronic diseases - gastric ulcer, gastritis or cirrhosis - can provoke bleeding. It is required to stop washing and provoking vomiting. Eliminate any medication and fluids. Requires qualified medical care in a hospital.
- Poisoning with acids and alkalis. The presence of such intoxication prohibits the use of potassium permanganate at home for washing the gastric mucosa. A cleansing will be performed in the hospital using the probe. If vomiting is provoked, excreted acidic and alkaline substances will cause repeated harm to the tissues of the stomach, esophagus and oral mucosa. May cause bleeding and severe burns.
- Allergy and atopy. The chemical composition of permanganate is considered a strong allergen, it can not be used in the presence of: allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis, bronchitis and urticaria.
- Unconscious state of the victim. If a loss of consciousness is recorded, this indicates damage to the central nervous system. Perhaps the presence of muscle cramps, hallucinations. Washing is not allowed! The patient has no swallowing reflex. This can cause burns and death to the victim.
Manganese - what is it?
Manganese is called dark-violet crystals. When the agent gets into the water, it begins to dissolve, painting it. In medicine, potassium permanganate is called potassium permanganate.
The main property of such a powder is antiseptic action, which appears due to the possibility of the appearance of active oxygen.
To date, there are practically no analogues of such a powder that will react with ordinary water and treat people with poisoning. The main property of potassium permanganate in case of poisoning is an oxidizing effect.
After ingestion of the stomach, the solution starts the following processes:
- All chemical compounds begin to acquire a form that is not dangerous for the body. Especially useful washing as a result of alcohol poisoning.
- Inside the stomach, a solution of potassium permanganate is able to destroy various bacteria, which become the culprits of the deterioration of the human condition.
Before using potassium permanganate, it is recommended to learn how to properly make the therapeutic fluid and what contraindications may be.
Indications and contraindications
Many people know that potassium permanganate in case of poisoning can quickly alleviate a person’s condition. For treatment, a solution of two types is used:
In the case of usual food poisoning or light chemistry, it is recommended to use a weak solution of potassium permanganate. A strong solution is used very rarely and it is often used externally.
With the help of a strong tool wounds are cleaned, as well as purulent skin areas. You can also use it to treat burns.
Despite the benefit of the remedy, potassium permanganate may not always be used and you need to know some contraindications for using the remedy:
- Do not use the solution to people with hypersensitivity.
- There is no gastric lavage in case of irritation of the mucous membrane.
- It is forbidden with allergies.
Potassium permanganate should be used carefully to treat young children. Although she can carry out gastric lavage in infants, but it is prohibited at home.
Solution in case of poisoning
Almost all lungs poisoning is recommended to be treated with a light solution of potassium permanganate, which is used for washing the stomach.
But, in few places there is information about the preparation of a therapeutic agent for the stomach.
In order for the gastric lavage to be qualitative and effective, it will be necessary to hold the agent in the stomach for as long as possible.
If, however, induce vomiting immediately after the ingestion of the agent into the stomach, the result will not be shown. In this case, the effect will be, as after washing with ordinary water.
It is recommended to drink potassium permanganate during rinsing, then wait for a while and only then induce vomiting by artificial means.
In some cases, vomiting appears itself after consuming such a remedy.
To make the desired solution will need to go in several ways:
- It is necessary to pour a little powder into a small volume of water and make a strong remedy, then add water, diluting the medicine to the desired pale pink color.
- There is another method of preparation, where it is enough to dissolve 3 crystals of potassium permanganate in a liter of liquid. This consistency is suitable for washing the stomach. The main thing is to carefully dissolve the crystals in water and be sure to filter everything.
In order not to harm their health, it is necessary to filter the solution of potassium permanganate. Crystals can not always dissolve, and during washing they can leave burns on the mucous membrane.
At home, filtering can be done by passing the finished liquid through 8-10 layers of gauze.
Only after the preparation of the correct solution is allowed to conduct gastric lavage. For the procedure for poisoning to be of high quality, you will need to follow these guidelines:
- The solution should be prepared in large quantities, for one procedure you need about 3 liters of potassium permanganate.
- For the first cleaning you need to drink about a liter.
- Next, you need to artificially provoke vomiting, if it does not appear itself. To do this, press down the root of the tongue with your fingers or use a spoon and put pressure on the root.
- After the first vomiting, you need to re-clean. When poisoning is recommended to do 2-3 repetitions.
It is possible to stop the cleansing of the stomach, if only water, without impurities and food residues, starts to go out with vomiting. In this case, the body will be completely clean and free from pathogens.
There are people who believe that potassium permanganate should be used to induce vomiting, because after taking it, vomiting quickly appears by itself.
But this is not entirely true, since vomiting can occur when drinking liquid in large quantities at a time, and not because of the composition of potassium permanganate.
In this regard, if it is not possible to prepare a solution, then ordinary water is used, where you can add salt or soda.
The main advantage of potassium permanganate is that crystals can clean the walls of the gastrointestinal tract, where toxins, poisons and other substances are collected in case of poisoning.
Who should not do gastric lavage
Since everyone can flush the stomach at home, there are contraindications to this procedure. This should be remembered by all. So, do not flush the stomach of those who have an ulcer and there is a risk of bleeding. Also, this procedure should not be carried out if there are burns or inflammatory processes in the oral cavity. Contraindications are also cardiovascular diseases.
In these cases, the consequences may simply be unpredictable. That is why experts recommend waiting for an ambulance or independently delivering the victim to the hospital.
Now you know how to wash the stomach at home and do not harm your body. Observing all the rules of procedure and preparation of solutions, you can save a person’s life. The main thing is not to panic, and if the ambulance is delayed, provide first aid to the patient, acting according to the instructions specified above.
How to wash the stomach
After the solution is prepared, proceed directly to the procedure of washing the stomach. Wash the stomach with potassium permanganate at home is allowed only to patients in a satisfactory condition and children who are over 5 years old. Children under 3 years of age have too little body weight, so they quickly come life-threatening dehydration. But kids from 3 to 5 years can not always understand why they need to drink an unpleasant-tasting liquid. Therefore, if the baby is not yet 5 years old, it is better to immediately go to the hospital.
The procedure for washing the gastric cavity is carried out in several successive stages:
- The patient is allowed to drink several glasses of manganese diluted in water. And some adult patients at a time can drink up to 2-3 liters of this fluid.
- Wait a few minutes, if there is no natural vomiting, it is caused by artificial means. To do this, press on the root of the tongue with your fingers to trigger the gag reflex.
- The procedure is repeated many times until the water that comes out of the stomach, will not contain impurities of food and other inclusions.
- After washing the stomach, the patient is given to thoroughly rinse the mouth and throat with clean drinking water.
Usually, to vomit, you need to drink up to a liter of diluted potassium permanganate. In most cases, after washing the stomach cavity, it becomes much easier for a person. Such a method can be inactive only in some infectious diseases.
If the patient does not feel better after the procedure, you should call an ambulance. Under signs of poisoning can be life-threatening diseases - salmonellosis, leptospirosis and botulism.
Features of the washing procedure
To perform the procedure correctly, you need to take into account some recommendations:
- The patient must be upright. If it is too weak, it is allowed to flush the stomach in bed, but the upper torso is raised relative to the legs.
- Before starting the manipulation, it is necessary to prepare a large basin or bucket to collect vomitus.
- After each emetic attack, the patient is allowed to rinse his mouth with clean water.
- After the waste water is clean, give the victim adsorbents in therapeutic dosage.
Patients of any age are strictly forbidden to leave one. He should be under the constant supervision of relatives or health workers.
If the child was frightened by vomiting and began to cry, it should be calmed down and explain what is happening to him.
Can I get poisoned with a solution of potassium permanganate?
No matter how silly it may sound, you can even get poisoned by the means that is used for poisoning. Poisoning with a solution of manganese may well be, if you diluted too concentrated solution and the patient drank it. At the same time, there are a number of unpleasant and sometimes dangerous symptoms:
- Severe stabbing pain appears in the esophagus and in the stomach, which indicates burns to the mucous membrane.
- There is unrestrained vomiting followed by dehydration.
- A few minutes after consuming a saturated solution, severe diarrhea can develop.
- Mouth mucosa and tongue become lilac.
- If the solution was too concentrated, the patient will have laryngeal edema, convulsions, respiratory failure and severe redness of the skin.
As a first aid in case of manganese poisoning, the patient is given ascorbic acid or pyridoxine. Even if the degree of poisoning seems easy, it is reasonable to call an ambulance.
Previously, the coveted vial of potassium permanganate was in every home medicine chest. Potassium permanganate was used as a first aid for any type of poisoning in both adults and children. Now this substance is prohibited for free sale, so you can only buy it on prescription, if there is evidence for this. But, as they say, he who seeks will always find. Therefore, even now, in many families a jar with manganese crystals is stored, which is an excellent aid for intoxication and poisoning.