Pancreatitis

Liver and Pancreas

Pathologies of the liver and pancreas have similar symptoms. Another feature that the symptoms of the disease do not appear immediately, and sometimes patients believe that this is normal indigestion. Diseases of the biliary tract, pancreas and liver are interconnected with each other and are considered concomitant diseases.

This means that in the pathology of one of the indicated organ, the work of the other two changes. Timely correct diagnosis does not allow the disease to progress and reduces the risk of complications. Therefore, it is necessary to know what the symptoms of liver and pancreas disease are and how they are eliminated.

Functions of the liver and pancreas

Along with food, substances that adversely affect the internal organs can enter the digestive tract. In addition, toxins are produced in the body itself, for example, as a result of the vital activity of putrefactive bacteria. The liver is a kind of filter that purifies all blood from toxins, bacteria, excess hormones and neurotransmitters, vitamins.

If the liver stops working, then almost immediately death occurs as a result of poisoning. The liver not only performs a protective function, it also controls blood sugar, is a depot for storing vitamins, trace elements, synthesizes hormones and enzymes, is involved in the process of blood formation and digestion.

The pancreas produces enzymes necessary for the breakdown of proteins and carbohydrates (trypsin, chymotrypsin, lipase, alpha-amylase), and also synthesizes hormones, normalizes protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism.

The gland produces pancreatic juice, which contains the enzymes necessary for the breakdown of substances and their further absorption into the blood. The composition of pancreatic juice varies depending on the incoming food.

Causes of pathology

There are diseases of the liver and pancreas under the action of the following adverse factors:

  • excessive use of alcoholic beverages,
  • unbalanced nutrition
  • taking drugs that have a negative impact on the excretory and digestive system,
  • gallstones,
  • atherosclerosis,
  • inherited physiological and anatomical features,
  • presence of infection.

Toxins and bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract enter the liver along with blood. The task of an organ is to remove potentially harmful or useless compounds from the bloodstream. To do this, chemical reactions occur that make the toxic substance less toxic or completely harmless.

For example, ethyl alcohol is converted to acetic acid, and acetone to urea. With drug treatment, drinking large amounts of alcohol or harmful products, the liver experiences serious overloads, which can lead to a decrease in the barrier function of the gland and the admission of dangerous compounds into the bloodstream.

Possible diseases and their symptoms

The most common diseases leading to liver dysfunction:

  • viral hepatitis,
  • cirrhosis,
  • hepatosis
  • stenosis,
  • worm infestation,
  • neoplasms.

In case of malfunction of the pancreas, the following diseases may occur:

  • pancreatitis,
  • diabetes,
  • cystic fibrosis
  • neoplasms.

Of course, diseases of the liver and pancreas are much more, we indicated only those that occur more frequently than others. When these glands are affected, similar symptoms occur.

Often patients have the following signs of pathology:

  • fever,
  • vomiting, nausea, lack of appetite, drastic weight loss,
  • indigestion, heartburn, flatulence, diarrhea, constipation (resulting from a lack of enzymes),
  • there is pain in the left side under the edge. It can be moderate or intense, occurs periodically, or is constantly present. Sometimes it gives to the area of ​​the shoulder blades or the heart,
  • palpation of the diseased organ pain most often increases, the doctor may notice a change in the size of the liver or pancreas,
  • hormonal background is disturbed (this symptom often occurs in men with “beer” cirrhosis),
  • there is a change in color of fecal masses, mucus appears in them.

These symptoms indicate a violation of the liver and pancreas, but there are also symptoms that speak of a certain pathology, such as discoloration of the skin and sclera (bilirubin is not removed from the body, but penetrates the blood), bitter taste in the mouth and on the lips, the appearance of itching and rash (impaired biliary function).

There is swelling, a change in heart rate, weakness, excessive fatigue (a sign of intoxication), a change in urine color (indicating inflammation of the liver), a change in blood pressure, a venous pattern appears on the abdomen ("asterisks" indicate liver damage, occurring with cirrhosis), the occurrence of in the language of plaque (white or brown), cracks.

In case of liver disease, pain occurs aching, noted in the right hypochondrium, lower back, left shoulder blade. In some pathologies, such as liver failure or cirrhosis, pain occurs when the liver has already suffered greatly and is significantly increased in size.

Liver damage may be diffuse or focal. In diffuse lesions, the entire organ is inflamed, which is typical of hepatitis, steatosis, cholangitis, cirrhosis, and ulcers. About focal lesions say, if the body appeared tumors.

With pancreatic disease, pain, as a rule, stabbing, radiates to the lower back, left shoulder blade. Discomfort is especially felt after overeating, eating fatty foods, carbonated or alcoholic beverages. A symptom of the pathology of the gland is a change in color of the feces, they become gray.

How to restore the liver and normalize digestion

The most common diagnosis in this area is chronic cholecysto-pancreatitis, but also pancreatitis and hepatosis.

This is due to anatomy and function. The biliary tract from the gallbladder and the pancreatic duct at the very end unite into the common bile duct and carry their digestive enzymes into the duodenum, where the digestion of the food that was originally processed with saliva and gastric juice continues.

The liver synthesizes bile, which first accumulates in the gallbladder and enters the intestine only in the active phase of digestion. The pancreas produces a complex of substances, which is also called pancreatic juice.

In medicine, there is the concept of the digestive triad: the liver, pancreas, duodenum. If one of its participants suffers, then over time the pathology spreads to the others. So, cholecystitis in 85% of cases provoke the development of pancreatitis, and pancreatic enzymes, getting into the ducts of the gallbladder, lead to its inflammation. (Borisov A.E. The current state of the problem of treating acute cholecystitis / A.E. Borisov, V.P. Zemlyanoy, L.A. Levin and others. // Herald of Surgery. - 2011. - №6.).

What is the relationship of the liver and pancreas

Bile and pancreatic juice are needed to digest fat and at the same time. Bile breaks down fats. PZh enzymes: mainly proteins (trypsin and chemotrypsin), but the enzyme amylase also glycogen and carbohydrates, and lipase - fats, but only pre-emulsified with bile. Together they enter the duodenum through the large duodenal nipple.

In this place the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct are connected.It is regulated by relaxation or contraction of the muscle fibers of the sphincter of Oddi under the influence of a complex of neurotransmitters and biologically active substances.

The system is very complex, multilevel, there are other "constipations", therefore failures occur frequently. At first, these may be temporary dysregulation caused by stress, overwork, lack of sleep, unhealthy diet, causing a chaotic release of bile (fatty, spicy, smoked). The counterbalance to this is the regular addition of a sufficient amount of fiber to the diet. The deficiency is easily repaired with the help of such natural remedies as the active fibers NutriDetox and Fiber Redi. The neuroendocrine regulation is best influenced by the amino acid-peptide complex Biolan. If you know that you are constantly under the influence of stress - do not wait for problems. They can also come from disturbances in emotional tone and sleep where you don’t expect - in the area of ​​disturbed bile secretion.

If you do not pay attention to functional disorders, then organic causes are added: the formation of stones in the gall bladder, an increase in pressure in the intrahepatic bile ducts due to liver disease, and others.

The final is then more pessimistic - the secrets of the glands do not enter the intestines, but acquire a reverse course and are thrown into neighboring organs.

First of all, this concerns bile, which attacks pancreatic tissue. First, sluggish inflammation (pancreatitis) occurs, then the activity of the production of pancreatic enzymes decreases and enzymatic insufficiency is formed. When an infection is attached (for example, infection of bile with Escherichia coli), concomitant cholecystitis develops and the probability of gallstones formation increases.

Many do not know, and even doctors forget that with a simple disturbed intestinal microflora (activation of the anaerobic flora), secondary bile acids are enhanced, which increases the tendency to bile stasis and gallstone formation, increases bilirubin in bile (Pediatrics. National Guide Volume 1, 2009). But do not rush to immediately drink the first available probiotic. A real rebioz requires a minimum of a 60-day course of taking a truly active prebiotic complex. It should include proven strains of both lacto and bifidobacteria, which in practice have proven to be able to “survive” and normalize the microflora. For 15 years of work of the Sokolinsky Center, we have chosen one probiotic that we use in Russia - Unibacter. A special series and the second of Europe - Balance. Premium Probiotic.

If stones have already formed in the gallbladder, this suggests that 100% of the liver is not working properly. To change the structure of bile so that it becomes a natural “solvent” for stones - it is possible if they have not reached a size of more than 2 cm, have not had time to soak in calcium, and gallstone - while it functions. Until the same time, it is written on the ultrasound that the stones have dissolved or remained smaller, but the bladder wall is normal and the lithogenicity of bile is absent, the liver cells will always be threatened and diffuse changes in the pancreas are likely to persist.

If, for some reason, the bladder had already been removed, then in half the changes in the liver and pancreas did not disappear by themselves. And you can face the same symptoms as before, but without colic.

Table of contents:

If the pancreas hurts, bloating and heaviness in the stomach appear, sometimes vomiting. Causes may be pancreatitis (primary cause), biliary tract diseases, autoimmune diseases, etc.

To eliminate the syndrome, they take a complex of drugs that are designed to reduce the activity of pancreatic enzymes.If the pancreas and the liver hurt, you should follow a strict diet without spicy and fatty foods, and take about 2 liters of water daily to eliminate toxins. Loosening the manifestation of the symptom will help applying to the sore spot a cold compress.

Pain in the liver is localized in the right side. They can be piercing, pulling, aching. If the liver hurts, then, as a rule, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, jaundice are observed. Causes are hepatitis, cirrhosis, cholecystitis, injuries, as well as diseases of the pancreas, intestines, etc.

To eliminate the syndrome, one should take hepatoprotectors (Gepabene, Karsil, Essentiale), cholagogue agents (Allohol, Holemax, Hofitol) and antispasmodics. You must follow a strict diet, excluding the intake of spicy and fatty foods. It is highly recommended to drink mineral water without gas.

How to treat the pancreas and liver?

The liver and pancreas occupy the main place in the process of metabolism in the human body. Symptoms of liver disease and pancreas are quite similar. In both cases, they tend not to appear in the early stages of development. Because of this, treatment is delayed and the risk of complications increases. Therefore, it is important to know how to recognize the diseases of these organs and what factors provoke their development.

Types of diseases

Pathologies that affect the liver include:

  • viral and toxic hepatitis,
  • hepatosis
  • cirrhosis,
  • liver stenosis,
  • hepatic structure injury,
  • neoplasms of benign and malignant nature,
  • parasite infection.

In the pancreas develop:

  • pancreatitis,
  • diabetes of different types
  • neoplasms of benign and malignant nature,
  • cystic fibrosis.

Root causes and characteristic symptoms

The signs of pancreatic disease in women, like the symptoms of pancreatic diseases in men, are no different. The situation with liver disease is similar. Common causes of gallbladder disease, liver disease, and pancreatic problems are:

  • alcohol abuse
  • the impact of potent drugs
  • poor nutrition,
  • infection of organs,
  • atherosclerosis,
  • predisposition, which is transmitted by heredity.

If any warning signs characteristic of the development of the pathological process occur, you should contact your doctor for diagnostic procedures and therapy.

Liver disease

Negative and with a large number of consequences affects the liver poor nutrition. But there are other factors that can lead to pathology:

  • infectious diseases,
  • liver poisoning with alcohol or drugs,
  • the destruction of the body by parasites
  • problems with metabolism
  • defects in blood circulation,
  • sudden increase / decrease in weight.

The symptomatology of liver diseases is weakly manifested in the first stages of development. Often, these diseases cannot be distinguished from lesions of other organs and therefore they are detected only when probing the liver or special studies. Common symptoms that occur in patients are:

  • yellowing of the skin
  • darkening of urine,
  • skin rashes that start to itch,
  • bitter taste in the mouth,
  • bloating, heartburn,
  • puffiness
  • temperature increase
  • heart rhythm disorders
  • weight loss due to lack of appetite.

Diseases of the liver and pancreas provoke aching pain in the right hypochondrium.

The severity of pain depends on the specific pathology and stage of its development. The liver and pancreas are similar in this. There are several degrees of severity. The first degree is characterized by the fact that on the right side under the rib there is a aching pain. This indicates a slow course of the pathological process.The second degree of severity is intense pain. They appear in inflammation with the release of pus or when it is injured. Also, the pain may be absent, but this indicates either the initial stage of the development of the disease, or cirrhosis.

Pancreatic Diseases

Common causes listed above lead to illnesses in the pancreas. Symptoms of liver disease and pancreas are similar. The most striking sign of the development of problems with the body will be the appearance of pain. When the disease of the pancreas usually hurts under the ribs, but the discomfort can be left and right, and in the center. Localization of pain indicates the part of the organ that suffers from the disease. Sick can periodically or permanently. As with liver disease, sometimes there is heartburn and bloating of the stomach. There are often problems with bowel movement in the form of constipation / diarrhea. In addition, the appearance of feces changes, it darkens and mucus appears in it. Common symptoms for many chronic diseases are nausea, vomiting, and lack of appetite.

Possible pathologies

Liver lesions are diffuse and focal. Diffuse nature are characterized by inflammation of the tissues of the body that occur in diseases such as hepatitis, steatosis (accumulation of fat in the liver cells), cholangitis, cirrhosis, and ulcers. In the form of foci appear malignant and benign neoplasms. As in the case of the liver, the pancreas also suffers from focal and diffuse lesions. An example of diffuse changes is pancreatitis. This disease in a state of neglect acquires a degree of chronic. Exacerbations may also occur. And malignant tumors and other neoplasms appear in the form of focal lesions of the parenchymal structure.

Symptoms of liver pathology

Hepatitis develops as a result of inflammation of the liver due to viral infection or exposure to toxins (alcohol, drugs, parasites). There are seven types of viral hepatitis, the most common are A, B, C. Inflammation is manifested by jaundice (not always), hyperthermia, chills, weakness, body aches.

At the initial stage of the disease, the symptoms are similar to the flu. With proper treatment, the acute form of hepatitis most often does not leave any consequences. Chronic hepatitis occurs on its own, for example, with constant alcohol intoxication, or as a result of improper treatment of the acute form.

Cirrhosis is a chronic inflammation of the liver, in which normal tissue is replaced by fibrous. It can develop against the background of hepatitis, malaria, syphilis, circulatory disorders. Symptoms of the disease: weakness, hyperthermia, pain in the joints, flatulence, asthenia, weight loss.

A person does not tolerate fatty foods and alcohol. External signs (white nails, scanty hair, thick fingers) do not appear in all patients. The disease develops within 2-5 years and in the absence of therapy, death occurs.

Hepatosis is characterized by impaired metabolic processes in the liver cells. Fatty hepatosis is called steatosis (gland cells accumulate fat). This process is reversible with timely treatment.

In the early stages of the disease does not manifest itself, as the deformation of the cells occurs dysfunction of the organ. The patient complains of pain, nausea, weakness, reduced immunity, itching, rash, yellowing of the skin.

Violate the work of the liver parasites. The most common Giardia. They penetrate the gland from the intestines. Symptoms are similar to bowel disorder (diarrhea, bloating, rumbling, lack of appetite). Also, there is a white coating on the tongue, bad breath, frequent belching, weakness, rapid heart rate.

Symptoms of pancreatic pathology

If the pancreatic enzymes are not activated in the duodenum, but in the pancreas itself, they are talking about the development of pancreatitis.This disease results from inflammation of the pancreatic tissue.

There is a pathology due to an unbalanced diet, sedentary lifestyle and genetic predisposition. In acute cases, the patient complains of intense surrounding pain, vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence, fever, and increased sweating.

If the pancreas synthesizes an insufficient amount of insulin, then diabetes is diagnosed. Its symptoms are varied and are associated not only with digestion. The patient is constantly experiencing thirst and hunger, his eyesight deteriorates, problems with potency arise, tissue regeneration is disturbed, which leads to prolonged healing of wounds.

Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease that affects the external secretion glands. Changes in tissue can be in the lungs, pancreas, liver. In diseases of the glands, fibrous tissue areas are formed, and in the excretory ducts, normal tissue is replaced by cystic.

This leads to dystrophic changes, stagnation of bile and cirrhosis of the liver. Symptoms of the disease: thinness, chronic diarrhea, wheezing breathing, whistling, thickening of the fingers, prolapse of the rectum.

Treatment of diseases of the liver and pancreas

To confirm the diagnosis, the patient must undergo a series of studies. Only after receiving their results, the doctor will be able to determine the pathology and prescribe adequate treatment. Diagnosis depends on the pathology, includes biochemical examination of urine, blood (reveals ALT, AST, bilirubin, sugar), ultrasound, x-ray, and, if necessary, a liver biopsy.

To eliminate the symptoms of the disease, doctors must prescribe a patient a diet that will provide the patient with a functional rest. If the disease has progressed sufficiently, then fasting is prescribed for several days. In emergency cases, the patient is hospitalized.

Depending on the manifestation of the disease, the patient must follow a strict diet for up to six months. Even after the onset of remission, patients are advised to exclude from the menu alcohol, fatty, spicy, salty foods, to refrain from carbonated drinks and confectionery. Disregarding this advice may lead to an exacerbation of the disease.

It is recommended to eat 4–5 times a day, but in small portions. Food should be steamed or cooked, baked is allowed. It is necessary to limit the use of salt and exclude from the menu products that cause bloating (cabbage, grapes, pears). Recommended diet table number 5.

In addition to the diet, the patient is prescribed medication that can eliminate the root cause of the disease and help the body to restore normal function. With exacerbations of the disease, drug therapy is stopped, and treatment is to reduce the burden on the patient's body. In emergency cases, the patient receives food only intravenously.

During remission, enzyme preparations are prescribed that help improve digestion and metabolism. Therapy also involves taking hepatoprotectors. These drugs restore the outflow of bile, reduce cholesterol, strengthen the immune system, remove free radicals. Often physicians are prescribed Karsil, Essentiale Forte, Ursofalk, Phosphogliv.

To eliminate the pain syndrome, drugs relieve spasms (No-spa or Papaverine) are used; Mezim or Creon will help restore the excretory function of the pancreas. In case of diabetes mellitus of the first type, insulin is administered, in the second type, glucose-lowering drugs.

Treatment of the liver and pancreas with medicines is allowed only under the supervision of a specialist. With further drug therapy of any pathology, the attending physician should be informed that there are problems with the liver so that the doctor prescribes tablets that act on the organ less toxic.

As an addition to the main treatment, traditional medicine recipes can be used to help support liver function, reduce the inflammatory process and speed up digestion.

To heal the liver, traditional healers recommend making decoctions and tinctures from sage leaves, wild rose berries, oregano herbs. The function of the pancreas will improve mint, chamomile flowers, immortelle grass, dill, hawthorn.

There are specific symptoms indicating a malfunction of the glands, but they do not appear in all patients and are not at the first signs of the disease. For example, if there is pain in the liver, then often patients begin to find out whether they have yellowing of the skin and sclera, but this symptom does not always occur.

Therefore, to find out the exact cause of indisposition, you need to consult a doctor. Only after carrying out the necessary tests and research, the doctor will understand what caused the pain and digestive disorders.

It is possible to cure most diseases of the liver and pancreas if all the recommendations of the doctor are strictly followed. At a minimum, modern medicine can slow down the course of the disease and improve the patient’s quality of life.

It takes a long time to treat a pathology, and then it is necessary to stick to a diet for life. Disease prevention consists of proper nutrition, moderate alcohol consumption, and a healthy lifestyle. With the forced intake of potent medications, it is recommended to conduct and supportive liver therapy.

Where is the pancreas?

Many believe that the pancreas is under the stomach. But this is not entirely true. If a person is standing, then this organ is at the same level as the first vertebra of the lumbar region. The pancreas has three compartments: the head, the tail and the body:

  • The head is located near the duodenum
  • Tail - near the spleen
  • Body behind the stomach

In an adult, the size of an organ ranges from 20 to 25 cm, weight from 70 to 80 g.

Functions of the pancreas in the human body

Pancreas performs such important functions:

This body produces special enzymes that contribute to the digestion of food. Also in the pancreas insulin is produced, with a shortage of which diabetes can occur.

Digestive enzymes include:

How to check the pancreas?

As a rule, to check the pancreas apply the following methods:

  • Palpation. This method is used if it is necessary to detect a tumor or a large cyst.
  • Probe check. It is used if there is a suspicion of pancreatitis.
  • Analysis of urine and feces. Assign in order to identify amylase
  • Ultrasound. This method allows you to visualize the structure of the pancreas, as well as the presence or absence of tumors and cysts.
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). This method can detail the increase in the walls, the presence of a tumor, cysts.
  • Radiocontrast study. Helps to reveal expansion or narrowing of the excretory duct.


Pancreatic Pain: Symptoms

The first symptom, symbolizing the failure of the functioning of the pancreas - constipation over a long period as well:

  • oral malodor
  • pain and bloating

If we talk about more specific symptoms that indicate pain in the pancreas, then it is worth to highlight exactly when and how they occur, which characteristics have:

  • Especially the side begins to hurt, exactly where the pancreas is
  • With a sufficiently strong pain, you can not even lie on your left side, and it is impossible to turn around, because the side begins to react to almost any touch and minimal movement.

It may also appear:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • fever
  • severe pain attacks
  • apathy
  • weakness

In addition to these symptoms, very often there are:

  • Painkillers do not help with pain or they work, but not for long
  • Sensation of an unpleasant bitter taste after vomiting
  • Diarrhea that lasts a very long time
  • Fast fatiguability

Why does pancreas hurt?

Pain sensations in the pancreas, as a rule, have a shingles character. The pains begin in the left side at the top, and go to the chest area and back. But for what reasons does this organ most often start to hurt?

  • Improper nutrition. The use of fatty, spicy, fried foods. Fatty foods are very poorly absorbed by the body and can lead to disruption of the movement of pancreatic juice, as well as changes in its composition.
  • RV injuries. Arise from a knife or gunshot wound from a strong concussion.
  • Abuse of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol has a negative effect on almost all organs, including the pancreas.
  • Medication. Some drugs have a negative effect on the pancreas. In such cases, you can improve your health condition with a special diet.
  • Starvation. This is not a simple fast, but a lack of protein foods that can cause pancreatitis.
  • Stones that are in the biliary tract.
  • Diseases of the digestive tract.

Diseases and inflammation of the pancreas

There are several diseases associated with the pancreas, in which inflammation occurs:

  • Acute pancreatitis - It is an inflammatory process of the pancreas, which may appear for various reasons. The basis of the disease is that pancreatic tissues begin to digest because of their activated enzymes. The chemical process is activated, and some infection can be added to it. As a result, acute pancreatitis appears.
  • Chronic pancreatitis. Often, the disease begins to develop after acute pancreatitis, diseases of the liver, thyroid gland and many other diseases. During illness, healthy organ tissue changes over time to scar tissue.
  • Pancreatonecrosis.

  • Cholecystopancreatitis. May occur due to gallstones present.
  • Diabetes. Endocrine system disease, which is caused by complete or partial insulin deficiency.
  • Tumors: benign (adenoma, lipoma) or malignant (cancer).
  • Cysts.
  • Fistula Fistula is an uneven channel. Its walls are formed from fibrous tissue. Fistula has narrowing and widening gaps.
  • Stones. In some cases, stones (concrements) appear after pancreatitis.

Pancreatic Pain: Treatment

Pancreatitis treatment is carried out only in surgery, and patients who show a severe form of the disease or complications are determined in intensive care. During treatment, a conservative or surgical treatment may be used.

If the patient is found chronic pancreatitisthen hospitalization depends on the symptoms and their severity. The main goal of treatment is to relieve pain, restore the working capacity of the gland, and prophylactic measures aimed at preventing complications.

Narcotic or pain medications are used to eliminate the pain. The attending doctor picks up the dose of the drug - it all depends on the condition of the patient. The doctor may prescribe pancreatic enzymes containing sufficient lipase. This treatment allows you to protect the enzymes from destruction and provides physiological peace of the pancreas.

Also widely used is physiotherapy, which eliminates pain and has an anti-inflammatory effect. In general, physiotherapy is prescribed after exacerbation regression. This may be: electrophoresis using novocaine, diadynamic currents.

The doctor may prescribe a special diet. If it does not bring a positive effect, then an operation is appointed, during which the abdominal cavity is washed, the destroyed glandular tissue, gallbladder and so on are removed.The operation, which is carried out on the pancreas, is quite complicated and doctors cannot tell in advance its outcome. Accordingly, it is carried out in the most extreme cases.

Decoction of oats

  1. Such a decoction is prepared for a very long time, but it's worth it. In order to cook the broth, you must take 100 grams of oats, pour them completely with water, cover with gauze and put in a warm place for two days.
  2. When the first shoots appear, the water needs to be drained, let the oats dry thoroughly and grind it until it turns out the flour.
  3. After that, you need to take a spoonful of this flour, dilute it with water and boil.
  4. Then remove from heat, wait until the broth cools and take before meals.

Potato Juice

Potato juice perfectly heals and relieves spasms. During an exacerbation of the disease and severe pain, the medicine is considered indispensable. It is necessary to drink half a glass of potato juice. It should be remembered that in many diseases of the stomach this drug can worsen the situation.


Potato Flowers

Many say that flowers can slow the spread of cancer cells. This requires 100 g of flowers to boil in boiling water, to insist for several hours and taken before meals.

Chicory is attributed to a choleretic effect. This tool is not recommended to take in the presence of gallstone disease. 5 g of powder pour 200 g of boiling water. Drink in small portions for 20 minutes before eating.

This drug is used to treat a variety of diseases, and also to keep youth. Mummy heals the skin and has a positive effect on the organs. You can take mummy tablets or extract according to the instructions.

This plant relieves inflammation. To get a greater effect, you can combine the plant with other herbs, such as nettle or chamomile. 100 g of plants, pour boiling water over the plants and consume 4 times a day before meals.

Pancreas: diet menu

The basic principle of the diet is to eat sparing food. The first couple of days, the patient is desirable to starve. Allowed only abundant drinking (not less than 1.5 liters per day).

  • You can drink mineral water without gas, weak tea or broth made from rose hips.
  • After improving the condition, the patient is allowed to gradually eat oatmeal and fruit compote, and eventually go on a normal full-fledged diet.
  • It is advisable to eat in small portions 5-6 times a day.

It is better to exclude from the food those products that strongly load the gland, for example:

  • muffin
  • fried pancakes
  • bread
  • pizza
  • fat meat
  • sausage
  • smoked products
  • coffee

It is necessary to refuse alcoholic drinks and smoking.

How to restore the pancreas?

Violation of the functionality of the pancreas can significantly impair health and lead to a stressful state. If time does not detect the signs of the disease, then without the intervention of a surgeon can not do.

  • There are a variety of opinions that relate to improving the performance of the pancreas. Some patients prefer traditional medicine and use various decoctions for treatment. It is important to bear in mind that any therapeutic measures should be carried out after consulting a doctor.
  • The restoration of the pancreas is a long and very difficult process. Self-treatment and, of course, nutrition play a huge role in this. Also, recovery is affected by sleep and physical activity.
  • The pancreas is a capricious organ. And if his work is violated, often there are unpleasant consequences.

What is useful for the pancreas?

For those people who want to prevent the disruption of the work of the pancreas, you need to use only healthy foods and dishes:

  • Vegetables in stew. Pancreas loves stewed vegetables. And the most ideal are carrots and zucchini.
  • Bread that does not contain yeast.Such bread will be even more useful if it is eaten the next day after purchase, that is, callous.
  • Kashi. A variety of cereals are very useful for the pancreas. It is advisable to cook them from rice, buckwheat, oatmeal. Kashi can not digest and heavily pickled. After full cooking, add some butter.
  • Vegetable soup. If you have problems with the pancreas, it is better to cook soups in vegetable broths. You can add potatoes and other grated vegetables, such as pumpkin, carrot, zucchini, during cooking.
  • Sugar free drinks. To pancreas was always healthy, you need a lot of water to drink. The safest drinks: weak green and black tea, dogrose broth, plain water without gas.

  • Fruit juices. Benefits go juices, cooked without added sugar.
  • Protein food. In this category include: meat (not fat), fish, chicken eggs.
  • Milk products. These products contain a very large amount of protein. This category includes: low-fat yogurts (preferably natural), hard cheese, yogurt. These products perfectly restore the pancreas.
  • Fruit with berries. The most useful are: currants, cherries, blueberries, pomegranates, plums.

Organ treatment

Treatment of the liver and pancreas directly depends on what caused their development and on the stage at which the disease is located. Primary therapy is based on taking medication with a direct effect on the root cause of the disease. It also uses supportive therapy in the form of folk remedies or tablets aimed at restoring the oppressed functions of the body.

After going to a doctor, a person will be sent to undergo a diagnosis that will reveal the disease. If the diagnosis is successful, then the specialist will appoint the necessary drugs to treat the liver, gallbladder and pancreas. During exacerbations, treatment is suspended and the main healing effect is a diet (usually No. 0). Next, drug therapy is sent to the cause of the disease. During remission, enzyme tablets are prescribed. They help to improve digestion and due to this to establish metabolic processes. Treat the pancreas and liver pills is allowed only under medical supervision. Self-medication is prohibited. The patient can hurt himself, cause an attack of acute pain or spasms.

Folk remedies

As an additional remedy for the affected organs and to treat the symptoms of pancreatic and liver disease, herbs are used. The recipes of tools include stigma of corn, sage leaves, rosehip berries, and oregano herb. These components enhance liver function and reduce inflammation in the structure of the organ. In the treatment of the pancreas used mint, chamomile flowers, immortelle grass, dill, hawthorn. Herbs are made from herbal teas, which are taken inside.

Diet food

For any of the diseases of these organs, the first thing that the doctor prescribes will always be a diet. The patient is forbidden to eat fatty, fried foods; spices and seasonings should not be used in dishes. Alcohol is completely excluded. The most important factor in proper nutrition is balance. The menu for the day should consist of both vegetables and meat. In case of liver diseases, the patient is prescribed a diet number 5.

Prevention

Preventive measures, if a person has liver and pancreas disease, include several mandatory items. Among them, the main ones are maintaining a healthy and active lifestyle, proper, balanced nutrition. In addition, a person must quit smoking and not abuse alcohol.To prevent the development of serious diseases and complications, for example, as a liver failure, a person can himself if he pays attention to the ailments that he experiences in time and see a doctor.

Tip 5: What to do if the pancreas hurts

Pancreatic pain is the main symptom of her work disorder. If you experience pain, you need to make an appointment with a gastroenterologist, who will diagnose, as soon as possible, accurately calculate the problem that caused the malfunction of this important organ, and prescribe appropriate treatment.

  • if the pancreas hurts

The liver or pancreas hurts

According to the severity of the disease, inflammation of the pancreas, which doctors call “pancreatitis,” ranks third among diseases of the digestive system. Only acute appendicitis and acute cholecystitis are more dangerous than pancreatitis.

With the development of inflammation in the pancreas, degenerative changes occur. Initially, the pathological process occurs only in the head, middle part or tail of the pancreas, and then the entire organ is damaged. Mortality among patients with chronic pancreatitis is about 11%.

To understand the seriousness of the inflammation of the pancreas, it is necessary to know the structure and function of this organ, as well as the fact that a person who falls ill once with pancreatitis most often suffers from a chronic type of this disease. The fact is that no doctor in the case of pancreatitis can guarantee a complete cure, since this requires a lot of effort. Properly chosen therapy, proper nutrition and prevention of gastrointestinal disorders can save the patient from its manifestations even after the acute severe stage, but do not guarantee that the attacks of the disease will not recur.

Such complex anatomy makes the pancreas vulnerable. During the day, it produces about 0.8 kg of pancreatic juice, which has a tremendous digestive ability. The composition of this juice contains enzymes lipase, amylase and trypsin, respectively, splitting fats, proteins and carbohydrates. In addition, the pancreas produces special substances that inhibit the activity of these enzymes in order to prevent their negative effects on their own walls. Normally, lipase, amylase and trypsin should begin to act only after they enter the intestine and mix with food.

The ducts through which the pancreatic juice enters the duodenum from the pancreas and bile from the gallbladder merge into a single ampoule when it enters it. If for some reason, for example, when bending on a full stomach, the pressure in the duodenum rises sharply, then the bile can get into the pancreas, activate its enzymes and start the process of self-destruction.

Anatomical relations of the pancreas with important vascular structures:

1 - spleen, 2 - pancreas tail, 3 - stomach, 4 - kidneys,

5 - celiac trunk, 6 - hepatic artery, 7 - portal vein, 8 - gastroduodenal artery,

9 - duodenum, 10 - pancreatic head, 11 - superior mesenteric vein, 12 - superior mesenteric artery,

13 - the pancreas, 14 - the body of the pancreas, 15 - the splenic artery, 16 - the splenic vein.

The reasons that lead to the activation of pancreatic enzymes and the development of inflammation can be many, but the most common among them are abdominal injuries, colds and viral diseases, hepatitis, appendicitis, gastritis, cholecystitis, food allergies, bad habits and overeating.

Most often the development of pancreatitis contribute to the pathology of the duodenum, stomach and biliary tract.As an independent disease, pancreatitis is usually found only in chronic alcoholics and people suffering from obesity. The pancreas can inflame at any age, but in most cases it manifests itself in humans.

The main symptom of acute pancreatitis is severe pain in the upper abdomen, which has a surrounding character. Often, the patient, except for pain, complains of nausea, vomiting may appear, but it does not bring relief. Body temperature may not rise at all or be no more than 37.4 degrees. With pancreatitis, symptoms such as bloating, constipation, diarrhea, general weakness and fatigue may also occur. Acute pancreatitis usually lasts two days, and then, if untreated, turns into a severe form.

Doctors treat the acute form of pancreatitis with 3 methods aimed at restoring pancreatic function - the use of pancreatic enzymes and drugs that improve digestion, a low-fat diet and the rejection of bad habits (alcohol and smoking). Acute pancreatitis is treated in a surgical hospital, so you cannot take painkillers yourself and wait until the pain subsides. We need to call an ambulance, go to the hospital and be treated under the supervision of doctors.

In the hospital, in order to urgently remove the products of the inflammatory process and toxins from the body, they often produce intravenous administration of plasma substitutes and, if indicated, blood substitutes. They can also introduce drugs that increase the total blood volume, due to which there is a sharp decrease in the concentration of harmful substances in the plasma. Additionally, the doctor prescribes diuretic drugs to speed up the cleansing of the body from toxins and decomposition products through the kidneys.

Computed tomography: sections of patients with acute pancreatitis. The body and tail of the pancreas are enlarged.

One can see traces of fluid in the anterior pararenal space. Differences in the reduction of fluid in the left anterior pararenal space and subcutaneous fat were found.

Found a tiny accumulation of fluid in the body of the pancreas. The fluid infiltrates the fiber in the left anterior pararenal space.

The attack of chronic pancreatitis, compared with acute, has a number of differences. Its evolution consists of 3 stages - aggravation, aggravation and remission. The duration of previous pancreatitis usually does not exceed 6 months, with alternating seizures and periods of improvement.

Avoid exacerbations of chronic pancreatitis is simple. To do this, you need to follow a diet, do not overeat, take drugs that improve digestion, do not smoke and do not abuse alcohol. There are many tools of traditional medicine that help delay the attacks of pancreatitis. Here are the most effective among them:

1. Oat jelly. Buy unpeeled sheep grains, cover them with water and leave them in a warm place for several days. When the grains give small sprouts, drain the excess water and dry the sprouted oats. Then grind the grains in a mortar or blender into flour and cook jelly from it, as from ordinary powder. It is better to drink kissel in the morning on an empty stomach, but it must be borne in mind that it should always be fresh, that is, it must be brewed every day.

2. A mixture of lemon, garlic and parsley. Buy 1 kg of lemon, a bunch of fresh parsley and 3 heads of garlic. Peel the garlic heads, wash them thoroughly. Peel lemon with peel, garlic and parsley through a meat grinder or mix in a blender so as to obtain a homogeneous mixture. Leave the mixture to infuse for 2 weeks. Then take it before meals one teaspoon 3-4 times a day.

3. Decoction of the roots. Collect the roots of burdock, dandelion, chicory and deviac, wash them and take in equal quantities.Grind the roots, pour boiling water at the rate of one teaspoon per glass of water, let it brew for 30 minutes. Drink an infusion of roots needed before meals 3-4 times a day.

Calcific pancreatitis. Transabdominal ultrasound.

Where the pancreas hurts in a person, where it is located:

  • You should know the pancreas is located behind the stomach. No wonder she was called "pancreas".
  • Located horizontally in the abdominal cavity (the level of the first, second vertebra of the thoracic spine).
  • Her head, tail, body, neck. In shape, it looks like a fish.

Head: located on the right abdomen, in the duodenum.

Tail: located on the left abdomen, close to the spleen.

Body: the so-called middle region of the gland.

Neck: thin area between head and body.

It has many segments in its structure. They constantly produce gastric juice. Size in length up to 25 centimeters, weighing up to 80 grams.

Now you know where your pancreas is. Many people ask where it hurts right or left?

  • In the head area (right).
  • Body (epigastric region).
  • In the area of ​​the tail will hurt under the ribs on the left.
  • But the pain is basically a very strong “shingles”. It hurts in the stomach with the transition to the back, sides.
  • This condition will cover you immediately after taking a rich, fatty or fried food.

Seeking help from a doctor is strictly necessary! If delayed with treatment, the disease will turn into a protracted, chronic form with the following complications.

It consists of two types of glands:

Exocrine 95%: produces enzymes.

Endocrine 5%: "Islets of Langerhans" release hormones to control blood sugar.

Participates in the digestion of food, producing enzymes. They help to process food in the intestines.

Such enzymes produce three names.

Where the pancreas hurts in a person, how it works:

Pancreatic enzymes:

  • It digests carbohydrates, turning it into sugar. If there is a deficiency, you will have diarrhea. The reason is undigested starch in the colon.
  • Recycles bile, helping to digest fatty foods.
  • With a deficit of it, you will again have diarrhea. The chair is fat.
  • Digesting proteins, destroys bacteria in the intestine, protozoa, yeast.
  • With a deficiency, any intestinal infections can develop.

If malfunctions occur in the pancreas, we develop diseases:

  • Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).
  • Kidney disease.
  • All known and common - diabetes.
  • Malfunctions of immunity.

Where the person has pancreas symptoms:

  • Iron in this disease is inflamed, nausea occurs and vomiting is not uncommon. Vomiting does not relieve or relieve symptoms.
  • But the most unpleasant - pain in the abdomen (upper part) with the transition to the back. Saved for several days - it is painful. The pain on the back increases.
  • The pain is severe, debilitating.
  • Gradually, the sick person tries to eat less, fearing pain. Lose weight.
  • Weight loss consists in the inability of the ill pancreas to digest food. Enzyme production is broken.
  • Pesky diarrhea.
  • The heart beats often (tachycardia). The psychological state of the patient, the loss of fluid during vomiting, and the symptoms of intoxication, if it is after the "binge".
  • There is a fever, shakes you, chills (infections are possible).
  • The stomach seems to be swollen.
  • A person is annoyed, weak, it is difficult to concentrate on the problem.
  • Headache .
  • With a sharp drop in pressure, you can get a shock.

The cause of pancreatic pain in humans:

  1. The lion's share of the causes of the inflamed gland are patients with alcoholism.
  2. Gallbladder stones are another cause of inflammation.
  3. Autoimmune diseases often lead to chronic pancreatitis.
  4. Nicotine, unfortunately, kills not only the horse, you and me too.
  5. Very high levels of calcium in the blood.
  6. Taking certain medications and their side effects.
  7. After surgery.
  8. Injuries to the abdomen.
  9. Heredity or developmental disabilities.

Where the human pancreas hurts, diagnosis:

  • Be sure to assign gastroscopy or endoscopy to find out what's going on inside your stomach.
  • Ultrasound (examination of the pancreas itself for the presence of inflammation and work). It is easy to determine the size, density, structure.
  • MRI
  • CT scan (procedure similar to radiographic images) is only more detailed.
  • Urine and blood tests (sugar, electrolytes, calcium).

Where does the pancreas hurt a person, than to treat:

  1. If you experience severe pain, you need to seek medical help, complications are serious autumn.
  2. Usually take painkillers, they will help you well.
  3. The main rule: hunger, cold and peace. Only intravenous nutrition and drinking, inpatient treatment.
  4. For at least three days you must refrain from eating.
  5. At the sore spot for five minutes periodically put cold (you can frozen vegetables in a napkin, if there is no special ice).
  6. Keep calm.
  7. Eliminate nicotine and alcohol immediately and forever. If you do not, the treatment will be useless, the torment will last for a lifetime.
  8. According to the diagnosis you will be treated.
  9. With a shortage of enzyme preparations:
  10. Pancreatin.
  11. Creon.
  12. Festal.
  13. Mezim - forte.
  14. Give drugs for nausea.
  15. Sometimes antibiotics are needed (infection).
  16. Never overeat, very dangerous, especially if you are over 50.
  17. With insufficient insulin production, the help of an endocrinologist is needed. You will have to pass an analysis for sugar, following the results you will make a decision on treatment. This condition usually occurs in chronic pancreatitis.
  18. Self-medication is prohibited. Need a mandatory examination! Already later with analyzes it is possible to drink weed and decide where correction is needed.

Where the human pancreas hurts, prevention and treatment:

  1. There are problems with the liver (jaundice). Mandatory treatment by a specialist. Such a complication also usually occurs in the chronic course of inflammation of the gland.
  2. Avoid treatment with tetracycline, follow the body's response to taking diuretics (if necessary, let the doctor replace). Treatment with estrogen in women in certain periods can also produce inflammation of the gland.
  3. Mandatory monitoring of blood triglycerides (a certain type of cholesterol).
  4. In any case, the diet will have to follow - it is more than half of your treatment. Without observance of special restrictions in food you will never be cured. They say diabetes is incurable, but you need to control it if you want to live.
  5. Regular exercise and most importantly - movement, any that you are capable of until fatigue.
  6. More products with an omega - 3 content, the so-called fatty acids. They are incredibly useful to man. This is a fish that you have enough of your wallet.
  7. If there is a shortage of budget, replace with a spoonful of linseed oil in the morning and evening. It helps very well in inflammation. I remind you that you should know before applying whether you have stones in the gallbladder. With their presence it is impossible to drink oil, they can start moving, then one cannot do without an operation. Oil - choleretic agent.
  8. There is a little, often (after 3 hours).
  9. A small amount of fat (not more than 20 grams per day).
  10. Carbohydrates are not refined (all baking, salting, boiling, belyashi, smoked meat is prohibited). It is better to eat liquid food (lean soups, broth is not strong).
  11. Less painkillers, they have a bad effect on the liver.

Where the pancreas hurts in humans, complications include:

Formation of cysts: with prolonged damage to the pancreas, cysts (sacs) are formed in its structure. They can burst, become infected, even peritonitis.

Infections: if the inflammation of the gland is frequent, its tissue becomes vulnerable to infections, the formation of abscesses.

Bleeding: inflammation in the gland and its vessels can cause bleeding, anemia.

Disrupted pancreatic work: leads to diabetes, weight loss due to poor digestibility and assimilation of food.

Cancer: inflammatory lesions in the pancreas, poor and delayed treatment lead to the growth of unhealthy (malignant cells). Pancreatic cancer occurs. The percentage of treatment is very small.

Where the pancreas hurts in a person, where it is located and the symptoms of pain we learned today.

The disease is severe, very serious. Self-medication is excluded. It is necessary to be treated immediately and until the end of life to follow a diet.

Refusal of bad habits is obligatory.

If you have the patience, you will never know the exacerbations of this sore.

Live and be happy and healthy!

Sincerely, Tatyana Nikolaevna, author.

Always looking forward to you on the site.

Write comments, do not be lazy.

I offer you a video of how to treat the pancreas:

Diffuse changes in the liver. What it is, signs and treatment.

A weakly echogenic homogeneous structure of the liver tissue is the norm. In this case, the blood vessels and bile ducts, which have an increased echogenicity, should be noticeable. If there are diffuse changes in the liver parenchyma, then this leads to a complete change in the liver tissue. Such changes may indicate both minor functional changes and very severe lesions, in which the liver tissue will be a high echogenic structure. To determine the degree of change, additional laboratory tests of the liver, biliary tract, duodenum, pancreas are needed. It may be necessary to examine the rest of the digestive organs.

Changes in the liver parenchyma can be promoted by certain diseases, including fatty degeneration, alcoholic hepatitis of any type, and various metabolic liver diseases. Fatty degeneration of the liver leads to an increase in its size and increased echogenicity of structures. If the changes are minor, then this is similar to chronic hepatitis, which occurs for many reasons, including viral infections and alcoholism. To establish the true cause of the disease, careful additional research is needed.

Diffuse changes in the liver parenchyma can be detected by an ultrasound method. They occur not only in primary liver disease, but also in certain pathological extrahepatic changes. For example, diabetes can lead to liver amyloidosis. In this case, the echography will increase the size of all liver lobes, the echogenicity of the liver tissue will also be increased, but attenuation will be observed in the deeper parts, the heterogeneity of the structure will manifest as an increase in the grain size of the image, a slight smoothing of the vascular pattern will occur. Also with such pathological changes as hemosiderosis, galactosemia, von Willebrand disease, metabolic disorders, etc. there are nonspecific changes in the sonographic picture. This is primarily the formation of a heterogeneous structure of the parenchyma. Heterogeneity is manifested in the form of large or small areas of low and high echogenicity. In such areas, you can find clusters of pathological metabolic products, which include carbohydrates, glycogenoids, proteins, etc. In some cases, differential diagnosis with a multitude of small focal liver lesions is necessarily performed. Nevertheless, the puncture biopsy allows to solve this problem most successfully.Ultrasound is a painstaking and deep process that requires great knowledge in the field of physiology, anatomy and ultrasound of the liver. Recently, the possibilities of differential diagnostics have been expanded and deepened, thanks to the improvement of ultrasound equipment. However, the level of ultrasound equipment is not always sufficient for an accurate diagnosis. In this case, further studies of diffuse diseases of the parenchyma are necessary.

What are the symptoms of pancreatic disease?

Pancreas - a unique organ in the human body. It plays an important role in the activity of two systems at once - digestive and endocrine, and also possesses exocrine and intrasecretory functions, being a participant in many important processes. Therefore, in the event of any violations, the symptoms of pancreatic disease can manifest themselves very widely and diversely, affecting a variety of organs. Since such a high load makes it too vulnerable, malfunctions can occur quite often. And it is very important to notice alarming signals in time to prevent the development of complications.

Varieties of manifestations

Diseases of the pancreas lead to disruption of the digestive, carbohydrate and hormonal processes, which is manifested by symptoms of different nature and severity. Depending on this, they are divided into 2 groups:

  • latent - they flow mostly inexpressibly, reminding of themselves periodically, therefore they often go unnoticed until the condition worsens to critical,
  • acute - cause acute pain with a sharp deterioration in health, which usually requires hospitalization.

It is very important during the diagnosis of diseases of the pancreas as accurately as possible to transfer your feelings to the doctor. A correct history is the basis for making a primary diagnosis.

It is on the basis of the symptoms that the patient reports that suitable diagnostic methods are chosen. Therefore, if there is a predisposition to such pathologies, it is necessary to know well all the symptoms of pancreatic disease in order to notice them and not to miss something important. Also, due to the close relationship between this organ and the liver, signs of disruption of their work are very similar. Therefore, the liver and pancreas are usually examined simultaneously.

In addition to this separation into latent and acute, the symptoms of pancreatic disease are primary and secondary, as well as specific, depending on the specific pathology or organ damage.

How does the pancreas hurt? The main symptom is pain in the left side under the ribs.

Primary signs

Primary symptoms require special attention, because with timely detection and adequate treatment, the likelihood of complete recovery is 90%.

The initial signs of the appearance of irregularities in the pancreas are expressed in the following:

  • pain sensations of varying intensity, frequency, duration, and location, most often occurring after a meal or during physical activity,
  • increased flatulence and bloating, due to the deterioration of the intestinal permeability, decreased tone and motility,
  • lightening feces with the appearance of a yellowish, greenish or grayish tint,
  • general weakness, chronic fatigue, decreased performance due to intoxication and metabolic disorders,
  • diarrhea, persistent vomiting with non-digested food and bile, as well as dehydration caused by these symptoms,
  • hyperthermia caused by the presence of inflammatory processes,
  • the appearance of spotted cyanosis on the stomach and face,
  • soreness in the epigastric and lumbar region when probing,
  • spasmodic cramping pains in the navel, caused by overstrain of the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract,
  • increase in heart rate and pressure,
  • the appearance of a yellowish tinge of the skin and mucous membranes.

These signs very rarely appear all at once. Most often, in the initial stage of a pancreatic disease, the symptoms are single and in a purely individual combination.

Secondary symptoms

Further symptoms mainly consist of primary signs, but with more pronounced intensity. In particular, cyanosis develops into bright hyperemia of the skin, especially on the face, which leads to the appearance of the so-called “kallekreinovogo face” characteristic of acute pancreatitis. Often, prolonged fever with significant temperature fluctuations and excessive perspiration develops.

At the same time, additional secondary symptoms are added depending on the characteristics of the organism (age and sex) and the specific disease of the pancreas. Therefore, signs of lesion of this organ can be specific and differ in women, men or children.

Specific features

Pathological processes affecting the pancreas are divided into several groups:

  • pancreatitis (acute and chronic),
  • cysts and stones
  • diseases of enzyme metabolism disorders (diabetes mellitus, cystic fibrosis),
  • malignant neoplasms.

Many of the symptoms of these diseases are similar, but they are characteristic only for a particular disease.

Pancreatitis

The most common lesion of the pancreas is acute or chronic pancreatitis, in which organ tissues are affected by their own enzymes. In the acute form, this process proceeds quickly and is very pronounced, and the lack of treatment can be fatal. In the chronic - gradually, less brightly, but constantly and with periodic exacerbations.

Symptoms of pancreatitis are the following:

  • blanching of the skin of the face with the acquisition of a bluish or grayish tint, sometimes with sharpening features,
  • pain sensations of varying intensity, frequency and duration in the epigastric (under the left or right hypochondrium depending on the extent of the lesion) and the lumbar region,
  • nausea-vomiting syndrome, heartburn, other effects of impaired digestion,
  • yellowing of the skin and sclera of different intensity,
  • shortness of breath, cold sweat (with acute pancreatitis).

The onset of chronic pancreatitis on symptoms almost corresponds to acute pancreatitis. Severe pain most often occurs after drinking alcoholic beverages, fatty and spicy foods. Nausea, bloating, diarrhea, fever may occur.

Cysts and stones

The growth of cysts and stones in the pancreas is almost asymptomatic. Signs of formations appear when they become so large that they begin to exert pressure and cause deformity of the gland and neighboring organs.

The cynical picture includes the following symptoms:

  • constant pulling pains in the epigastric region,
  • digestive disorders
  • weight loss,
  • colic in the hypochondrium (right or left),
  • yellowness of the skin and sclera,
  • heaviness after consuming any food.

Similar manifestations are accompanied by cholelithiasis. The movement of the stone from the pancreas to the bile duct also leads to the development of obstructive jaundice.

Diabetes

Signs of diabetes are significantly different from the symptoms of other diseases of the pancreas. With this pathology observed:

  • headaches of different localization,
  • lasting hunger and thirst
  • general weakness
  • weight loss,
  • frequent urination,
  • muscle pain due to increased tissue tonus.

All these manifestations are pronounced and rather intense.

Malignant neoplasms

The defeat of the pancreas by malignant tumors most often affects its main duct. The most dangerous thing is that the symptoms of such a disease manifest themselves latently and make themselves felt only at stage 3-4, when medications and chemotherapy are practically powerless. Moreover, large neoplasms with metastases can not always be removed even by surgery.

The main symptom by which pancreatic cancer can be identified at earlier stages is obstructive jaundice. However, it appears in other pathologies, therefore, it cannot be evidence of the presence and stage of cancer development.

Other symptoms, depending on the location of the tumor, may correspond to signs of other pancreatic diseases:

  • pancreatitis (while in the head),
  • diabetes mellitus (in the body or tail).

To establish oncology conducted a large number of complex laboratory and hardware research.

The video tells about the symptoms of pancreatic cancer, diagnosis and treatment.

Signs in women

Diseases of the pancreas in women are accompanied by surrounding pains that give to the epigastric and lumbar region. The primary symptoms of the pathology are also several other manifestations:

  • severe nausea-vomiting syndrome, resembling toxicosis,
  • bitter taste in the mouth,
  • oily feces that are shiny and hard to wash off.

These characteristic signs for women complement the general symptoms described above. Most often, the intensity of their manifestation increases in the evening and at night.

Symptoms in men

The clinical picture in men is almost the same. Only a few symptoms are added:

  • systematic insomnia,
  • presence of mucus in feces,
  • frequent and painful urination.

In general, problems with the pancreas in men are more common than in women, which is associated with malnutrition and alcohol abuse.

Children's symptoms

Pathological disorders of the pancreas are found in children of any age. The greatest surge is observed during the introduction of new products into the diet, to which the growing organism is not yet adapted. Children who consume a lot of fast food, chips, harmful and aggressive food suffer the most.

Problems with the pancreas in children are manifested by the following symptoms:

  • pain in the center of the abdomen around the navel,
  • a slight increase in temperature (37–37.5º), which cannot be knocked down,
  • upset stools with a change in constipation and diarrhea,
  • frequent belching and vomiting with gastric juice,
  • loss of appetite
  • white tongue plaque
  • increased gas formation, swelling:
  • hypertonic abdominal muscles.

Such symptoms in a child most often indicate reactive pancreatitis, requiring urgent medical treatment and a switch to a diet.

In addition, only in childhood there is a disease of the pancreas, as cystic fibrosis. This is a hereditary pathology in which the respiratory organs of the newborn suffer, the functions of the pancreas and the gastrointestinal tract are disturbed. Symptoms of cystic fibrosis appear from the birth of a child with permanent bronchitis, pneumonia, and other diseases of the respiratory system. On the part of the digestive system, the symptoms of the disease manifest themselves:

  • constant swelling,
  • a kind of stool like putty, with a putrid odor,
  • vomiting with bile.

The prognosis of cystic fibrosis is unfavorable, especially if late diagnosis and no treatment. It is very important medical supervision of families in the family of which there is a heavy heredity for this disease.

Danger and complications

The pancreas is closely related to the functionality of the whole organism, so violations in it can cause serious consequences and complications. They are usually divided into early and late.

Early complications of pathologies can be:

  • anaphylactic shock,
  • severe abdominal inflammation, including peritonitis,
  • severe pathologies of the cardiovascular system,
  • kidney and liver failure
  • mental disorders due to intoxication by decomposition products),
  • anemia, vitamin deficiency.

Late dangerous consequences of pancreatic pathologies include:

  • the appearance of fistulas,
  • development of purulent pancreatitis,
  • inter-intestinal abscess,
  • internal bleeding
  • retroperitoneal cellulose phlegmon.

Treatment of the pancreas is always quite long and difficult. But getting rid of complications is much more difficult, and many of them require surgical intervention. Therefore, you can never ignore the slightest signs of disruption of this body. Lost time can lead to deep lesions and serious consequences, even death.

How to get rid of bile stagnation in the liver

The problem of cholestasis concerns both gastroenterologists and surgeons, depending on the cause of its occurrence and severity. First, we will analyze where the bile from the liver goes, and what leads to its stagnation. After eating, the digestion process begins, for which enzymes, acids, and other biologically active substances are necessary.

To understand how the outflow of bile from the liver occurs, consider the structure of the hepatobiliary system. It includes the bladder, the excretory ducts and the liver itself. Thanks to this complex, bile enters the duodenum in parallel with the secret of the pancreas, which is necessary for the digestion of food. Reducing the amount of bile secreted or impeding its outflow leads to impaired fat splitting, glycogen synthesis, as well as increased cholesterol levels.

Causes of bile stagnation in the liver

Daily bile in the liver is secreted in a volume of up to one liter. Given the complex mechanism of its production and an extensive system of ducts, there are many reasons leading to cholestasis. Among the predisposing factors due to which bile can stagnate and outflow is disturbed include:

  • alcoholism,
  • improper diet (abuse of fatty, fried foods, spicy seasonings). This group of causes also includes long “hungry” periods, due to which temporary cholestasis can occur,
  • lack of mobility
  • endocrine system diseases
  • pathology of the digestive organs,
  • biliary dyskinesia,
  • infectious diseases,
  • sclerosing cholangitis,
  • frequent stressful situations
  • condition after cholecystectomy (removal of the bladder). Stagnation in this case may occur due to the lack of a “reservoir” for collecting bile. As a result, it can enter the unconcentrated form into the intestine. Its activity is enough to digest only a small amount of food, which is why after the operation, fractional feeding is recommended. If the dietary principles are not followed, bile accumulates in the ducts, which is fraught with inflammation and stone formation,
  • pregnancy,
  • congenital abnormalities of the hepatobiliary tract,
  • long-term use of certain medications.

Now let's look at the most common causes of cholestasis:

  1. gallstone disease
  2. inflection of the gallbladder,
  3. oncopathology,
  4. parasitic invasions.

Cholelithiasis

The most common cause of stagnation is obturation (overlapping) of the duct with calculus. This complication is observed in gallstone disease, the basis of the development of which is the process of stone formation.

The severity of clinical signs depends on the location of stones, their shape and size.Symptoms of bile stasis in the liver in this case are manifested by colic, namely the sharply arising pain in the area of ​​the right hypochondrium. Usually it is observed after exercise and abnormal diet.

Cholestasis is accompanied by pain. Its appearance is due to the overlap of the ductal lumen, as a result of which the bile-excreting paths expand, and the liver increases in size. Stretching her capsules leads to pain in the right hypochondrium.

A person is worried about nausea, vomiting and fever. Of the complications of the disease in addition to obstruction of the duct is to highlight its inflammation and pancreatitis.

Inflection of the gallbladder

The pathological form of the bladder often has a congenital character, but sometimes appears during life. Inflection may be formed in the area of ​​his body, neck, bottom, or even located in the duct. Deformed gallbladder is not able to perform physiological functions and violates the excretion of bile.

Often, the pathology is not manifested by clinical signs. Only sometimes it can be disturbed by discomfort in the right hypochondrium area, flatulence, nausea, or poor appetite. Severe pain is observed in the inflection of the duct or neck of the bladder.

Deformed organs cannot remove all secreted bile volume, as a result of which cholestasis develops.

Inflection of the bladder is often detected by chance during prophylactic ultrasound.

Oncological diseases

In order to properly diagnose, it is necessary to analyze each symptom of the disease and take into account the results of additional examinations. Quite often, oncological diseases are detected at a late stage, when metastasis is observed, and the patient’s quality of life worsens.

Symptoms of obstructive jaundice appear on the background of the overlapping paths of movement of bile. A malignant neoplasm, growing into a duct or gallbladder, causes cholestasis. The tumor may be primary or metastasis of distant oncology centers (stomach, lungs). In addition, a violation of bile drainage occurs with the growth of pancreatic cancer.

Parasitic defeat

In most cases, the liver is affected by ascariasis and echinococcosis. The first type of worm infestation is characterized by damage to the digestive organs, the development of an allergic reaction and severe complications. Roundworm can get into the biliary tract, thereby disrupting the bile flow and causing obstructive jaundice. Symptomatically, the pathology is manifested by arching pains in the liver area, dyspeptic disorders (nausea, vomiting), yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, itching, discoloration of feces and darkening of urine. When a bacterial infection is attached, purulent inflammation of the ducts develops, and the risk of abscess formation in the gland increases.

As for echinococcosis, the occurrence of cholestasis due to compression of the biliary tract by a parasitic cyst. Clinically, the pathology is manifested by nausea, poor appetite, heaviness in the area of ​​the right hypochondrium and intestinal dysfunction in the form of diarrhea. On palpation (palpation) of the abdomen, hepatomegaly (an increase in the volume of the liver) and a rounded additional formation (cyst) are detected.

Types of bile stagnation

The form of cholestasis depends on its cause and the location of the block in the hepatobiliary system. Usually there are two types: intra-and extrahepatic congestion. It can occur acutely or have a chronic course. Also distinguish:

  • partial type when bile production decreases,
  • dissociated, in which the delay concerns only the individual bile components,
  • total observed in the absence of receipt of bile in the intestine.

Extrahepatic

Extrahepatic cholestasis is characterized by stagnation due to obstruction of the duct by calculus in gallstone disease or its compression from the outside by an additional formation.

Among the causes of extrahepatic stagnation is to highlight:

  1. bile thickening syndrome
  2. duct strictures that can form a mechanical obstacle
  3. inflammation of the pancreas,
  4. oncogenesis, which squeeze ducts and do not allow to remove bile,
  5. adhesive process, when in the postoperative period the lumen of the paths is reduced due to accretion of injured tissues,
  6. the presence of stones.

In extrahepatic cholestasis, the accumulation of bile occurs in the interlobular ducts, which gradually expand and may become inflamed.

Intrahepatic

Intrahepatic cholestasis develops on the background of liver diseases, which affect its biliary tract. With this form there is no mechanical obstacle. Predisposing factors include alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis, genetic abnormalities, as well as hormonal fluctuations on the background of diseases of the endocrine system and during pregnancy.

This form of stagnation can be of two types:

  1. cellular, when bile continues to be produced and remains in the affected hepatocytes (liver cells),
  2. canalicular, in which stasis is accompanied by the accumulation of small drops of bile in the dilated ducts,
  3. extralobular is characterized by a change in the structure of the epithelium of the excretory tract.

Symptoms of bile stasis in the liver

The clinical signs of cholestasis are due to the severity of stagnation, the degree of damage to the hepatobiliary system and the cause of the pathological condition. The symptom complex includes:

  • hepatomegaly,
  • bitterness in the mouth,
  • pain and pain in the liver area,
  • itching, which intensifies in the evening and after contact with water,
  • dark urine
  • yellowness of the skin and mucous membranes,
  • bleaching of feces. The stool can become frequent and fetid, due to a violation of the breakdown of fat,
  • dyspeptic disorders in the form of nausea, abdominal distention and stomach heaviness,
  • change in psycho-emotional state (irritability),
  • insomnia.

With long-term preservation of stagnation, there is an increased bleeding due to a deficiency of proteins and coagulation factors. A lack of vitamin D is accompanied by a decrease in the density of bone structures, pain in the limbs, spine, and fractures. The chronic course of the disease leads to deterioration of vision, replacement of the liver tissue with connective tissue and the appearance of xanthomas (subcutaneous accumulations of cholesterol in the form of plaques).

Among the complications is to highlight encephalopathy, liver failure, sepsis, gallstone disease, atherosclerotic vascular disease, cholecystitis and sclerosing cholangitis.

Diagnostics

The diagnostic process consists of anamnesis collection, a physical examination, and an additional examination. It includes:

  1. laboratory tests of blood in which anemia, increased leukocytes and ESR is detected. In biochemistry, an increase in the level of bilirubin, cholesterol, liver enzymes and alkaline phosphatase is observed. At research of urine bilious pigments come to light. If necessary, an analysis of viral hepatitis, worms, as well as assessment of the immune status
  2. instrumental methods. In order to visualize the liver, bladder and bile duct ultrasound is performed. It allows you to detect the block and assess the extent of damage to the hepatobiliary system. Additionally, endoscopic retrograde or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, as well as transcutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, can be prescribed.

Conservative treatment

To improve bile flow, it is necessary to take drugs such as:

  • hepatoprotective drug necessary to protect hepatocytes and restore their functionality,
  • agent with ursodeoxycholic acid to reduce cholesterol in bile and dissolve calculi. The therapeutic course lasts at least a month, which is necessary to achieve the desired result,
  • choleretic.The tablet provides the dilution of bile by increasing its production,
  • cholekinetics. Their action is aimed at improving the outflow,
  • vitamins
  • antioxidants
  • antispasmodic medicine that will improve the bile flow for light duct dilation,
  • antihistamines,
  • antibacterial and antiparasitic drugs.

Surgery

If indicated, the doctor may recommend surgery, for example:

  1. removal of cysts squeezing ducts,
  2. the formation of anastomoses (cholecysto, choledocompromised),
  3. external duct drainage,
  4. removal or opening of the bubble.

Separately, it should be said about operations for narrowing the biliary tract and the presence of stones in them. Thus, balloon dilatation (expansion) of the ducts or removal of stones is carried out.

In the rehabilitation period, physiotherapeutic procedures are prescribed, for example, massage and physical therapy. Timely restoration of bile flow makes it possible to avoid complications of cholestasis and normalize the process of digestion.

Folk methods

If cholestasis is caused by a violation of the production of bile, traditional medicine recommends the use of vegetable fees, vegetable juices and oats. Here are some useful combinations:

  1. corn stigmas, immortelle, as well as common throats,
  2. cumin with peppermint,
  3. Chimianis officinalis, mountaineer and tributary.

You can also fasting drink a spoonful of vegetable oil with lemon juice. This tool will improve peristalsis, will ensure cleansing of the intestines and will reduce cholestasis. In the pharmacy, you can purchase choleretic fees, which include yarrow, mint, coriander and immortelle. Chamomile, calendula (flowers) and tansy are also added to them.

The basis of diet with cholestasis is table number 5. It has the following principles:

  • fractional meals in small portions (every two hours),
  • every day a person should drink more than two liters of fluid, which will allow to dilute the bile and facilitate its outflow,
  • fatty foods, hot spices, rich broths, pickles, smoked meats, canned foods, mushrooms, pickles, baking, chocolate and semi-finished products are excluded,
  • daily caloric content should not exceed 2500 kcal,
  • It is recommended to eat vegetables, cereals, fruits, vegetable fats, legumes, lean jelly, meat and fish products,
  • dishes should be grinded, steamed, baked or boiled.

Causes and symptoms of the disease

There are many diseases of these organs. Let's talk about the most common ones.

Hepatitis. In other words, it is an inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis, perhaps, tops the list, which lists diseases of the liver and pancreas. Symptoms of this virus: headache, vomiting, yellow skin tone, fatigue. Depending on the virus caused by the disease, there are:

Hepatitis A - is transmitted through water or food, as well as non-compliance with the rules of hygiene. This disease with timely treatment does not lead to cancer and other complications.

Hepatitis B - transmitted through saliva, semen, from mother to child. The development of the virus is slow, affecting the liver and disrupting its work. May cause cirrhosis of the liver.

Hepatitis C - transmitted by blood transfusion. This disease can lead to serious consequences in the form of cancer or cirrhosis.

Dyskinesia of the gallbladder. This disorder of the gallbladder occurs as a result of malnutrition, CNS disorders, allergies, various past diseases, which in turn affects the work of the liver and other organs. The symptoms of this disease can be attributed to pain on the right side under the ribs, which can be given to other places.

Gallbladder stones. Remembering the diseases of the liver and pancreas, the symptoms of which we describe in the article, it is impossible not to recall the stones.Such a disease to a greater extent can affect the state and work of the pancreas. It occurs for various reasons, ranging from poor nutrition and ending with infections. Stones in this body can be for years, not letting you know. But the sooner they are detected (with the help of an ultrasound scan), the more likely it is to say goodbye to this problem in a medical method rather than a surgical procedure. Improper functioning of the gallbladder can worsen the condition of the pancreas, which subsequently causes pancreatitis. A person may be disturbed by pain in the area of ​​the liver on the right, and sometimes there is pain and heaviness in the stomach and pancreas.

Cholecystitis. It is an inflammation of the liver and bile ducts inside it. The cause of the disease is infection. A characteristic symptom of this disease is an increase in the organ and pain in the right hypochondrium, which may be accompanied by increased body temperature.

Pancreatitis. If we list the diseases of the liver and pancreas, the symptoms of which we are considering, then pancreatitis will probably become one of the first in this list. Currently, many people suffer from inflammation of the pancreas. Due to improper nutrition, stones or cysts of the gallbladder can form, which significantly affects all organs. Symptom of pancreatitis is pain on the left side under the ribs, especially after ingesting spicy, fried, smoked food, chocolate, ice cream and other products, as well as problems with the person’s stools. Alcohol intake with this disease is strictly prohibited.

Cirrhosis of the liver - this is the presence of scars on the organ, which disrupt his normal work, because of which he subsequently deforms. Side effects after this disease can be called bowel disease. There are two main causes of the disease - hepatitis or alcohol. His symptoms can be intestinal bleeding, fatigue, pain in the abdomen, possible fever, low blood sugar.

What else could be a sign of liver and pancreas disease? Symptoms: pain in the abdomen, in the right or left hypochondrium, pain after ingestion of spicy and fatty foods, high body temperature, poor health. All this is a signal that an urgent need to consult a doctor.

What else is characterized by diseases of the liver and pancreas? The symptoms on the skin are its yellow color. In this case, you should immediately contact the ambulance.

Many suffer from such diseases. The symptoms of liver disease and pancreas in women and men are the same.

Causes of childhood pancreatitis

The most common causes of inflammation of the pancreas include:

  • abdominal trauma, which resulted in injured internal organs,
  • congenital anomalies of the pancreatic ducts,
  • disruption of the gallbladder and its ducts,
  • intestinal inflammation,
  • lactose intolerance,
  • improper nutrition of the child.

To date, it is not always possible to identify the cause of pancreatic disease in a child.

Symptoms of the disease

Symptoms of liver and pancreas disease in a child:

  • acute or aching pain in the left hypochondrium or stomach, which can be given under the left shoulder blade or in the shoulder, such attacks can occur after eating fatty or spicy foods,
  • vomiting in a child, not bringing relief, as after the usual disorder,
  • heartburn,
  • lack of appetite and problems with stool,
  • belching and bloating.

Child examination

In any case, at the slightest suspicion of pancreatitis in a child, it is necessary to consult a doctor, who with the help of several tests and examinations will be able to confirm or refute the diagnosis.

Analyzes and tests that a doctor may prescribe:

  • Analysis of urine,
  • saliva analysis
  • stool analysis
  • Ultrasound
  • endoscopy.

Proper nutrition in diseases of the liver and pancreas

The use of such products is recommended:

  • arena food, it can be chicken, rabbit, beef, boiled or baked fish, steamed meatballs,
  • raw and boiled vegetables, fruits, baked blocks with sugar,
  • soups and borscht, weak fish broths,
  • any pasta,
  • cereals, mainly oatmeal and buckwheat,
  • butter (not more than twenty grams per day),
  • compotes, dogrose decoction,
  • fermented milk products (with a small percentage of fat).
  • dry biscuits, yesterday's bread.

What foods are not recommended to include in the diet:

  • pork meat
  • any fried food
  • salted and smoked products,
  • sweet dough
  • onion,
  • ice cream,
  • chocolate,
  • alcohol is strictly prohibited,
  • strong tea and coffee
  • carbonated drinks.

Treatment of folk remedies

In order to cure various diseases associated with the liver and pancreas, people very often resort to folk treatment. It should be remembered that such a method can lead to sad consequences, so you should still consult with your doctor before starting treatment. The use of such folk medicine for children is not recommended. In diseases of the liver and pancreas of a child, it is best to contact a pediatrician and treat him in a hospital mode under the supervision of specialists.

  1. Take the fruits of dill, hawthorn, mint leaves, immortelle flowers and chamomile in equal parts and pour boiling water. After this decoction is insisted, it should be drained and squeezed. Take medicine 1 tablespoon after meals three times a day.
  2. Caraway, nettle leaves, yarrow mixed with calamus root and also poured boiling water. Take two spoons three times a day after meals.
  3. Valerian root, hawthorn, hop cones and chamomile are poured with boiling water, after which they drink two spoonfuls of tincture overnight.

Diseases of the liver and pancreas, the symptoms of which were described in the article, are unpleasant and fraught with consequences. Many people postpone the hospital because of a lack of time and money, but in any case, such serious diseases require proper and timely treatment and medical supervision. In case of any symptoms of diseases, you should not postpone the visit to the doctor, since such a decision may carry with it sad consequences.

Watch the video: The gallbladder and bile ducts. Cancer Research UK (April 2020).