Pancreas

Symptoms of pancreatic diseases

The gastrointestinal tract is one of the most important functional systems in the human body, which is responsible for well-being, metabolic processes, the production of a number of hormones, as well as appearance. Persons who have problems with the digestive system, there are certain external (identification) signs, allowing to suspect something wrong with the physiological mechanism of the gastrointestinal tract.

Thus, suspicious yellowness of the skin, hypersensitivity of the third tooth in the upper or lower row, as well as sudden imperceptible wrinkles between the eyebrows or around the eyes, speak of failures in the digestive internal organs. Of course, it would be wrong to independently designate a diagnosis for yourself, but it is still logical to take the method of self-diagnosis into consideration.

It is known that pancreatitis, which is an inflammation of pancreatic tissue, is directly caused by the abuse of alcohol in men. In women, the occurrence of this disease provokes cholelithiasis. Both are true, but there is plenty of leverage for launching a dangerous disease. Do not underestimate this important, albeit small organ.

The weight of the pancreas is extremely small - only 70 g, while the function of this organ has high activity. The pancreas is prone to the immediate manifestation of the reaction to the emotional and nutritional stress experienced by the body. Numerous adverse factors: frequent and acute stress, influenza virus, poisoning, aggressive drugs and poor-quality food, immediately affect its condition. And this is only an incomplete list of the causes contributing to the acute onset of the disease and its further transition to the chronic stage. What are the signs of pancreatic disease? Symptoms in women, treatment and prevention will be discussed further.

How to recognize pancreatitis in women?

What are the signs of pancreatic disease in women? Probably, it is hardly possible to compare with what the general state of health with pancreatitis, the most painful and serious disease of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the acute phase. The pain has a peculiarity - the nature of its shingles.

How to find out that you have a sick pancreas? The first symptoms appear brightly, starting with anxiety in the left hypochondrium. Further, the pain threshold extends through the upper abdomen and goes to the back, mostly on the left. Indicator of the presence of the disease is repeated vomiting, exhausting the patient. The skin is marked with paleness and earthy tint. Pulse, breathing is speeded up.

Symptoms of pancreatitis in a woman

What are the signs of the disease? When is it worth sounding the alarm? The first symptoms of pancreatic disease:

  • deterioration in well-being,
  • sharp, encircling pain in the upper abdomen, radiating to the back and both hypochondria,
  • nausea,
  • frequent vomiting,
  • bad taste in the mouth
  • increase in body temperature
  • pallor and yellowness of the skin,
  • greasy feces, indigestion, diarrhea,
  • progression of autonomic symptoms - weakness, dizziness, excitement, sweating.

When research activities in the blood and urine revealed excessive levels of pancreatic enzymes and leukocytosis. The diagnosis is confirmed by the ultrasound method.

Communication stress factor in the occurrence of pancreatitis

The female half of humanity is notable for its heightened sensitivity and reactivity, which is why it is prone to perceive the surrounding reality more emotionally, and this can not but affect the health of women. There are no clear distinctions for those who have outbreaks of pancreatitis are more likely, but, based on practice, it is still women who are in the preferential risk zone.

The main enemies of the pancreas

What reasons often serve as an obstacle to the normal functioning of the pancreas in women?

  • Alcohol. In more than half of the cases, acute and chronic inflammation of the tissues of the gland is directly related to the abuse of alcohol. Ethanol has a toxic effect on the cells of the gland and leads to disruption of the production and outflow of pancreatic juice. The very first attack is almost always recorded after consuming unreasonable doses of alcohol.
  • Gallstone disease and cholecystitis. If a woman has a history of diagnoses telling about complications with the gallbladder or liver: the presence of stones, enlarged liver, sand in the bile ducts, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, enteritis, gastric ulcer, the pancreas becomes vulnerable. This is due to the fact that the ducts of the pancreas and the gallbladder have a common exit to the duodenum. If there is a stone in this ductal region, then inflammation or blockage of the duct with a stone is inevitable. Bile in this case simply begins to destroy the glandular tissue itself. Acute pancreatitis may well develop due to the transfer of the inflammatory process from neighboring organs.
  • Fatty and fried foods. Periodic fascination with completely unhealthy food, in particular, overcooked, fatty, spicy, cold food leads to an excessive load of the pancreas, which is an increased risk factor for the development of pancreatitis. In addition, overeating exacerbates not only the state of the pancreas, but interferes with the stable and harmonious work of all body systems.
  • Poisoning. Acute inflammation of pancreatic tissue always develops in case of poisoning of any kind. Poor food, taking potent drugs, viruses - all this triggers the mechanisms of failure in the functioning of the body, giving way to a serious disease.
  • Operational injury. Unfortunately, this is possible when an operating error becomes the cause of pancreatitis.
  • Autoimmune disease. With this disease, healthy cells are recognized by the body as foreign, and their immunity destroys them. Violations of this nature lie in hereditary reasons that require a special approach.

How to help with the attack

If the first signs of pancreatic disease in women or men were noticed, an urgent need to consult a doctor. Do not mess with pancreatitis! Hospitalization for acute pancreatitis is strictly required. Prior to the arrival of the emergency team, to alleviate the condition of the sick, follow the prescribed recommendations:

  • attach a cold object or ice to the solar plexus area,
  • do not break bed rest,
  • refrain from eating,
  • It is allowed to use pure non-carbonated water in small quantities in small quantities,
  • it is forbidden to drink aspirin, analgin, ibuprofen (you can take an antispasmodic),
  • Hot water bottles and heat are strictly contraindicated.

Treatment of pancreatitis in the acute stage of the disease

It is impossible to stop the acute process and alleviate the symptoms of the disease in acute pancreatitis in most cases. Acute pancreatitis is treated within the walls of a hospital and requires serious medicinal prescriptions.

Therapy includes:

  • mandatory bed rest
  • cold on the epigastric region,
  • creating functional rest for the gland (absolute hunger),
  • taking medications.

Effective herbs for chronic pancreatitis

Herbal medicine has been used in the healing of many diseases for a very long time and, it is worth noting, effectively. Herbs act gently, their healing effect is long-lasting and as a part of complex therapy can bring a good result. All herbal preparations are selected individually.

Beneficial effect on the pancreas:

  • peppermint,
  • coriander fruit,
  • immortelle flowers,
  • Anise ordinary fruit,
  • dandelion roots,
  • the grass of the mountaineer bird,
  • Hypericum perforatum,
  • Chamomile,
  • sage medicinal.

Diet - an important stage in the treatment of pancreatitis

Now you know what the symptoms of pancreatitis are in women. Treatment and diet are two concepts without which it is impossible to cope with pancreatitis.

Diet is one of the main conditions for recovery. Iron should not be under pressure, and power should be gentle. In order not to feel the signs of pancreatic disease in women, it is necessary to listen to the following rules:

  • eat often, at least 5 times a day,
  • reduce portions, because the impressive volumes of food too much strain the pancreas,
  • fried foods, smoked foods, fatty foods are excluded, and the process of creating dishes is defined as steaming, stewing or boiling,
  • in case of pancreatitis, enthusiasm for foods rich in fiber (cabbage, persimmon, celery, tomatoes, bell peppers) is undesirable, as their frequent use can trigger an attack,
  • sour berries and fruits are unacceptable in the diet, and apples are best eaten baked or shabby,
  • the amount of carbohydrate foods should be reduced, and in return, increase the consumption of protein foods: lean meat, lean fish, turkey. Egg can be one per day and just soft-boiled. Dairy products, cottage cheese are required, but if you are intolerant to the body, you can replace them with milk,
  • pancreas harms to one degree or another equally as hot and cold food, so it is recommended to eat food in the form of heat,
  • Limit salt and canning.

In order to no longer worry about the signs of pancreatic disease in women, it is necessary to completely exclude:

  • alcohol,
  • cocoa, coffee, strong black tea,
  • carbonated drinks.

A strict diet is important to follow for a long time: as a rule, it is at least 9-12 months. With stabilization of the patient's condition, sustained remission and good portability of meals, the diet can be somewhat expanded, but only by especially following the most stringent recommendations: a ban on alcohol and fatty foods.

Prevention of diseases of the pancreas

It is very easy to harm the pancreas, and many people mistakenly believe that, once having had pancreatitis, it is possible not to recall it. Sensing an improvement, recent patients forget about the attack and shamelessly exploit the newly recovered organ.

Important! Do not eat the same: for each type of product or culinary dish the stomach reflexively allocates its specific enzyme.

Leave the habit of chewing bad food, as the digestion of carbohydrate foods begins in the mouth. The fact is that the enzyme contained in human saliva and intended by nature to break down carbohydrates, begins to work only if a person makes at least 20 chewing acts or movements. It is also important how you swallow food. There is such a thing as a failure of the swallowing wave. Violation of this occurs when we smoke, lie down, eat and drink in front of the TV screen. The same thing happens if we greedily swallow food, eat dry rations or drink in one gulp.

The reared round abdomen presses on the delicate organ, interfering with the normal functioning of the pancreas.

It is worthwhile to properly and with particular attention treat the treatment of the ailment and prevent the development of chronic pancreatitis, since, if the acute illness is not cured, there is a risk of insufficiency of the insular apparatus and, as a result, the development of secondary diabetes. It is important to be prudent in the off-season, when there is a tendency to exacerbate chronic ailments. In general, a close relationship with oneself after an illness will ensure stable and long-term remission.

Pancreas: symptoms of inflammatory disease

Non-infectious inflammatory processes in the tissues of the pancreas are the most common cause of dysfunctions and pathologies of this organ. Most of the processes of inflammatory nature are expressed by the clinical picture of pancreatitis, accompanied by swelling, disintegration and death of gland tissues.

Long-term inflammatory processes lead to the replacement of connective glandular tissue, violations of the anatomical structure and functions of the pancreas.
The primary inflammatory process of a non-infectious nature may be complicated by the layering of bacterial infections, the formation of cysts, inflammation of the peritoneum, internal bleeding and other complications of the disease. Depending on the symptoms and clinical picture, acute and chronic types of pancreatitis are distinguished.

Acute pancreatitis

The most common cause of the development of acute pancreatitis is a complication of gallstone disease when the diet is disturbed, an excess of fatty foods, and alcohol. The average age of the first episode of acute pancreatitis is 40-50 years.

Among the types of diseases emit:

  • acute interstitial (edematous) form of pancreatitis,
  • acute hemorrhagic form
  • acute purulent form of pancreatitis,
  • acute pancreatic necrosis with total or partial tissue death.

When the symptoms of pancreatitis on the background of cholecystitis are diagnosed, cholecystopancreatitis is diagnosed. Acute pancreatitis can manifest itself in a variety of ways and not have a pronounced, homogeneous clinical picture, which makes diagnosis difficult.

Pain as a symptom of acute pancreatitis

The acute form of the disease is always accompanied by pain. Depending on the edematous or necrotic variety, as well as on the involvement of the organs and tissues of the peritoneum in the inflammatory process, the pain may be acute, dull, pulling, cutting, etc.

The edematous form of pancreatitis causes pain due to squeezing of the nerve endings with edematous tissues, stretching the organ capsule and blocking the ducts.
Necrotization of tissues with pancreatic necrosis can cause such severe pain that it provokes a life-threatening condition - a painful shock.

Pain is localized in the epigastric region, can spread throughout the abdomen and in most cases radiates to the spine due to the location of the pancreas and the specificity of its innervation. In rare cases, differential diagnosis is required from manifestations of myocardial infarction and angina, as pain may occur behind the sternum, in the region of the heart, and radiate to the clavicle area.

Pain in acute pancreatitis does not correlate with food intake, being an expression of the inflammatory process and increasing pathological changes. Pain is prolonged or permanent, decreasing when taking painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Dyspepsia with pancreatitis

Dyspeptic symptoms of acute pancreatitis are expressed in nausea, vomiting after eating with inclusions of undigested food, impaired bowel movements: constipation, diarrhea, or alternation. Dyspeptic symptoms often occur in the initial stage of pancreatitis as a consequence of a violation of the diet. The most frequent "provocateurs" are fatty foods, alcohol, mushrooms, honey, tomatoes, and their processed products. Some medications are also capable of provoking the onset of the disease, in the number of drugs - drugs of groups of antibiotics, sulfonamides, nitrofurans, cytotoxic drugs, etc.

Features of nausea and vomiting as signs of acute pancreatitis

In the absolute majority of cases with pancreatitis, vomiting is preceded by a feeling of nausea, resulting from irritation of the so-called vagus nerve. 8 out of 10 nausea episodes result in the release of vomitus that does not relieve the patient.

Vomiting with pancreatitis is a sign of intoxication. At the first stage, the vomit consists of the contents of the stomach, with further development of the disease there are inclusions of bile, which indicates that the contents of the duodenum have been injected from the stomach. The volume of masses and the frequency of attacks depend on the stage of the disease and can be quite significant, severe, painful, leading to hypoosmotic dehydration of the body.

Dehydration: severity of dehydration

Dehydration in the absence of timely treatment develops from the initial stage to a threatening death. At the first stage, with the loss of less than 3% of body weight due to fluid withdrawal, patients feel weak thirst, the respiratory rate is somewhat increased.

At the second stage, when there is a loss of 3 to 9% of body weight, there is a pronounced sensation of thirst, dry mucous surfaces, symptoms of skin loss of moisture: skin gathered in a fold does not smooth out immediately, turgor is lowered. Acceleration of heart contractions is noted, the volume of urine is reduced, its color becomes darker.
The third stage is accompanied by neurological manifestations (confusion of consciousness, slow reaction, drowsiness, speech disorders), lowering of blood pressure, disturbances of heart rhythm due to electrolyte imbalance, acidosis. This stage can lead to hypovolemic shock, the development of multiple organ failure and cessation of vital activity.

Functional bowel disorders

Violation of the production of pancreatic enzymes for the digestive process and a decrease in the secretion of bile acids lead to increased gas formation, bloating, flatulence at the initial stage of the inflammatory process in the pancreas. Enzyme and biliary insufficiency also cause prolonged constipation, absence of stool, or difficulty in the process of defecation for several days. Further, the absence of stool gives way to intestinal upset with feces of liquid consistency. Such periods of delayed feces and liquefaction are characteristic of pancreatitis.

Skin manifestations of symptoms of disorders of the pancreas

The inflamed pancreas due to the swelling of the body puts pressure on the surrounding organs, most often preventing the outflow of bile, which is manifested by pallor or yellowness of the skin.
With pronounced respiratory disorders, oxygen deficiency, cyanosis of the nasolabial triangle, nails on the hands and feet is noted. Spots of cyanotic color can also appear on the abdomen in the navel or on the sides.

Other symptoms

There is also an increased salivation, tachycardia, a number of symptoms, allowing to diagnose pancreatitis during palpation, such as:

  • pain on palpation of the angle between the ribs and the spine on the left side,
  • pain when pressed 2 cm under the umbilical fossa inward and upward,
  • increased pain after pressing on the stomach, at the time of removal of hands.

Laboratory studies and indications in acute pancreatic inflammatory process

The main diagnostic value are indicators of blood. Characteristic changes in the acute form of pancreatitis are leukocytosis as a sign of an inflammatory process and an increase in the level of amylase.

The serum amylase content is 65 units, with an increase in the reference index twice acute pancreatitis is considered as a likely diagnosis. 1000 units are considered to be a critical concentration of amylase, this condition is regarded as life-threatening and requires emergency surgical care.

Despite the high diagnostic value of amylase indicators, its compliance with the norm is not an accurate marker of the absence of an inflammatory process. In the first hours of the development of the acute form of the disease, as well as at the stage of tissue necrosis, the level of amylase may be normal.

When deciphering analyzes are also focused on the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, hematocrit, reference indicators of glucose, lipase, trypsin, inhibitors of pancreatic enzymes and elastase.

Pancreas: symptoms of other diseases and pathologies

Diseases and dysfunctions affecting the pancreas are not limited to inflammatory processes. Although the majority of pathologies are characterized by pain, dyspeptic symptoms and features of the blood formula, the symptoms vary depending on the type of the disease, its form, stage and extent of the pathology.

Laboratory studies are not very informative. Ultrasound, biopsy Exceeding the reference norms of glucose and glycated hemoglobin in the blood

How does the pancreas hurt

Such an important unit of the body has a double load. This is an intensive production of hormones to speed up the process of digestion and the synthesis of insulin, glycogen. The patient should know how the pancreas hurts in order to timely stop an intense attack, prevent inflammation, the course of the abnormal process and dangerous complications.

Pain and severe discomfort are the leading symptoms of pancreatic disease. They have a different character, localization center, increase during relapse and weaken the grip during remission. More often, these are painful attacks of a whining character, which turn into lumbago, cutting pains of the upper abdomen. It is important to identify the disease, otherwise its prolonged treatment will aggravate the clinical picture.

The main source of pain is concentrated in the upper part of the peritoneum, increasing with pressure. If the patient does not understand where the pancreas hurts, it is better to contact a gastroenterologist, to be diagnosed. The pain can be given in the back, not contact with food intake, develop regardless of the time of day. Slightly weakens after taking painkillers, but you still need to find the root cause.

Pancreatic Cancer - Symptoms

To determine a malignant neoplasm, diagnosis is important. There are no visual signs of inflammation of the pancreas, especially at an early stage. But urine and blood tests are able to modify cancer cells, forcing the patient to undergo a full examination. The progressive signs of pancreatic cancer resemble the symptoms of a benign tumor in the growth stage, since the characteristic neoplasm exerts increased pressure on neighboring organs. There are such signs of illness:

  • exacerbation of chronic diagnoses
  • acute pain attack
  • visualization in the diagnosis of metastasis,
  • renal failure
  • loss of appetite and weight loss.

Cholecystopancreatitis

The development of such a disease is spontaneous, the pain is acute, cutting. If you do not pay attention to the first aggravation, the problem becomes chronic. Impaired secretion of bile and enzymes leads to carbohydrate, lipid imbalance. It is important to recognize the signs of pancreatic disease in a timely manner, to consult a gastroenterologist for advice. The characteristic disease manifests itself as:

  • signs of dyspepsia,
  • bloating
  • drastic weight loss
  • the appearance of impurities of fat in feces,
  • poor liver function, an increase in body size.

Symptoms of pancreatic disease in women

Since this important organ is simultaneously involved in the work of the digestive and endocrine systems, its dysfunction can lead to serious problems in the female body. The main symptoms of inflammation of the pancreas in women develop spontaneously, frightening specialists with its intensity:

  • loose stools
  • signs of dyspepsia,
  • stomachache,
  • vomiting, nausea,
  • discoloration of skin, rash,
  • weight loss,
  • recession.

The representatives of the stronger sex characteristic diagnosis occurs at least than in women. The symptoms of pancreatic disease are identical, but begin with acute pain in the epigastric region, impaired stool for no apparent reason. A man cannot live and work normally; therefore, immediate medical participation, diagnosis and treatment is essential.

In childhood, pathology is less common, but if there is one, the whole body fails. In the child, the stomach starts to hurt badly, and the focus of pathology is localized closer to the navel. In a small patient, the temperature and the color of the skin are severely disturbed (icteric spots appear). Other symptoms:

  • dark urine
  • whitening feces,
  • nervous irritability,
  • frequent nausea, vomiting.

The disease does not appear independently, more often it becomes a dangerous complication of hepatitis and other infectious diseases. If we do not proceed to intensive care in a timely manner, among the health effects of doctors, a stomach ulcer is isolated that cannot be treated at any age. It is important for the child to be shown to a specialist, to start a conservative treatment if indicated.

Find out more information about pancreatic cancer - the first symptoms, early diagnosis.

The information presented in the article is for informational purposes only. Article materials do not call for self-treatment. Only a qualified doctor can diagnose and advise on treatment based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.

Watch the video: Signs and Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer - Mayo Clinic (April 2020).