What is Jerusalem artichoke, the benefits and harm to human health of Jerusalem artichoke, and does this plant also have any medicinal properties? These questions often arise for those who care about their health and show interest in alternative methods of treatment, in particular in treatment with medicinal plants. And this interest is understandable. Maybe in this article, to some extent, you can get the answer to these questions.
Jerusalem artichoke (earthen pear) is a perennial herbaceous, tuberous vegetable plant of the aster family. He is the closest "relative" to so familiar to all of us sunflower. The official name is Jerusalem artichoke - "tuberous sunflower." In Russia, Ukraine, Belarus - Jerusalem artichoke has another name - "earthen pear" - the fact is that Jerusalem artichoke tubers, which have valuable medicinal and dietary properties, can resemble a pear in their shape.
Tubers, by the way, are also rounded, oblong, spindle-shaped. They differ in color: white, yellow, lilac-violet, pinkish-red. As for their size - Jerusalem artichoke tubers can reach a weight of 10-15 grams to 100 or more. Their shape is uneven, they have kidneys (eyes) on them, their skin is thin. Jerusalem artichoke tubers are juicy, taste like a cabbage stalk or turnip (in ancient times, Jerusalem artichoke was called "Volga turnip").
His native land is North America, where wild varieties of Jerusalem artichoke occupy vast areas to the south of the Great Lakes. In culture, it has been known for several millennia. Of the Europeans, the British were the first to see Jerusalem artichoke when, in 1586, they tried to establish their colony in Virginia. In 1605, the expedition Lescarbo vegetable was delivered from America to Europe (France). At the same time, Indians from the Tupinamba tribe were imported from Brazil, and the French began to call the vegetable the consonant word - Jerusalem artichoke. The yield of the plant was high, and soon it appeared in England. Jerusalem artichoke gained great popularity among the culinary specialists of Belgium and Holland. This was facilitated by its good taste. Jerusalem artichoke tubers were boiled in wine with the addition of butter.
Residents of France, for example, claim that Jerusalem artichoke tastes like an artichoke, while the British generally called Jerusalem artichoke "Jerusalem artichoke." The tubers of this plant are eaten, usually raw, in various salads, boiled, fried, stewed, baked, pickled and stuffed.
An earthen pear came to Russia in the 17th century in two ways: from Europe and from China through Kazakhstan, but not as a vegetable, but as a medicinal plant.
Jerusalem artichoke is a highly plastic plant that quickly transfers from a wild state to a culture and vice versa. Unpretentious, grows on all types of soils, gives high yields of green mass and tubers not only in the southern, but also in the northern regions. In risky farming zones, about 50 ° north latitude, it takes on a silo direction. The tubers of the plant can form at an altitude of up to 1800 m above sea level. Currently, there is practically no country on the globe where this vegetable is not grown. High productivity provides him with good competitiveness among traditional cultures.
The benefits of Jerusalem artichoke
The benefits of Jerusalem artichoke and the whole range of nutrients in its tubers amaze scientists. Jerusalem artichoke is known to contain a large number of different vitamins and chemical elements (potassium, zinc, iron, silicon salts), in addition, tubers contain proteins, sugars, pectin substances, organic acids, and the most important of its components, a plant analogue of insulin - inulin (its amount can reach 17%). This substance has the ability to break down glucose in our body.
All this makes Jerusalem artichoke very useful for those who have diabetes. It was found that prolonged consumption of Jerusalem artichoke reduces sugar levels.
Jerusalem artichoke is an excellent means of preventing the development of diabetes for people at risk, that is, those whose relatives are susceptible to this serious illness.
It has Jerusalem artichoke useful properties, which, according to scientists, with the regular inclusion of "earth pear" in the diet, have a positive effect on vision!
Jerusalem artichoke is also useful for atherosclerosis and hypertension, for ischemia, tachycardia, for gout, for stones in the bladder, for cystitis, for the treatment of tuberculosis, leukemia, anemia, pancreatitis.
This list is by no means complete. Those who regularly eat "earth pear", thereby helping the body get rid of accumulated toxic substances. Jerusalem artichoke fruits help lose weight, quickly get rid of fatigue, fatigue, they have a beneficial effect on the state of the body as a whole, strengthen immunity, reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke, it is useful in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, and helps fight salt deposits.
Jerusalem artichoke has useful properties that can be useful for external use. In this case, its tubers are used for arthritis and gout - for this, boiled tubers are applied to the sore spot,
The usefulness of Jerusalem artichoke is also that it can be a good doctor for burns and skin diseases, eczema, psoriasis - in this case, pulp from tubers is used, which is applied to the affected areas. There is evidence that the use for medicinal purposes (both internally and externally) of freshly squeezed Jerusalem artichoke juice with vitiligo helps restore pigmentation.
Jerusalem artichoke can also be useful in cosmetology - gruel from Jerusalem artichoke tubers is used as a face mask to relieve irritation and inflammation, with seborrhea, eczema, and against acne, it is used as an anti-wrinkle remedy. Such a mask is applied to the face every three days for 20-30 minutes. The duration of this course is 7-10 procedures. As a result, the skin becomes clean, fresh and supple.
Harm of Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem artichoke has very few contraindications to its use. But this does not mean that they are not at all.
Jerusalem artichoke may be harmful with its individual intolerance. Although such intolerance is not common, but it still happens.
In addition, root crops of Jerusalem artichoke can cause some discomfort in the intestine. Especially when this plant is abused, Jerusalem artichoke can cause intense gas formation in the intestine. People suffering from flatulence should pay attention to this.
The last contraindication of Jerusalem artichoke can be expressed by a well-known saying: “Everything should be in moderation!”. Do not abuse these root crops. Better and much more beneficial for the human body will be the influence of a combination of various vegetables or fruits.
That's all about the harm of Jerusalem artichoke. As you can see, he does not have many contraindications.
Jerusalem artichoke for diabetes
Is Jerusalem artichoke useful for diabetes? For people with diabetes, the most important property of this root crop is the presence of natural insulin inulin in it. Therefore, do not be surprised that doctors first of all recommend including this delicious product in the diet. Jerusalem artichoke will be useful in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In case of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (the first type), this product should be consumed regularly - only in this case the treatment will give a result.
Inulin in the body of a patient suffering from diabetes freely enters all organs and replaces glucose in metabolism. Energy cell hunger decreases. Inulin at the cellular level helps regulate glucose absorption. This leads to a steady decrease in blood sugar. Which in turn contributes to well-being. When the glucose level in the body is stable, it causes the pancreas to produce its own insulin. The chemical composition of Jerusalem artichoke also contributes to this.
Jerusalem artichoke salad
Jerusalem artichoke tubers are peeled, chopped on a coarse grater, combined with a hard-boiled egg (optional), pickled (or fresh) cucumbers, onions, lettuce, parsley. You can also add apples. The salad is seasoned with sour cream, mayonnaise or vegetable oil.
Jerusalem artichoke fritters
Jerusalem artichoke tubers grated on a fine grater are combined with flour and egg, salt is added to taste. All are mixed. Pancakes fried in vegetable oil.
Jerusalem artichoke tubers are baked in the oven. Eat a dish with oil, salt.
Jerusalem artichoke casserole
Grated Jerusalem artichoke tubers are fried in vegetable oil. Mix a beaten egg diluted with milk and semolina. The resulting Jerusalem artichoke is poured into the resulting mixture. Casserole bake in the oven over low heat (about 30-50 minutes).
Jerusalem artichoke with pancreatitis
If Jerusalem artichoke is included in the diet for pancreatitis, an improvement in the functioning of the pancreas is observed, inflammation decreases. You can use Jerusalem artichoke with pancreatitis in different forms - fresh, boiled, dried. But fried and pickled Jerusalem artichoke should be excluded - such dishes can cause additional irritation of the mucous membrane of the pancreas.
To achieve a positive treatment effect for pancreatitis, you need to consume at least 150 g of Jerusalem artichoke per day. The tubers of the plant should be washed well before cooking (but do not remove the skin - it contains useful components).
With pancreatitis, if, in addition, the acidity of the gastric juice is increased, it is advised to use Jerusalem artichoke juice. To improve the taste, you can add a small amount of carrot juice to it.
Traditional medicine recommends using a decoction of Jerusalem artichoke tubers to treat pancreatitis. 7 tubers are taken per 2 liters of water. Cook for 10 minutes. The resulting broth should be drunk throughout the day. Such treatment is carried out 2-3 times a week.
Jerusalem artichoke, also called an earthen pear, is a very valuable and nutritious product. This is evidenced by scientific research. In its taste, Jerusalem artichoke resembles potatoes, however, the difference between the two products is, nevertheless, present. So, Jerusalem artichoke is slightly sweeter in taste, but its shelf life is much shorter (no more than a week, provided that the tubers are in the refrigerator).
Jerusalem artichoke contains a number of useful substances that have a beneficial effect on the condition of the whole organism as a whole and on the work of the gastrointestinal tract in particular.
So, insulin, which lowers the concentration of sugar in the blood, makes this product a means of preventing diabetes, often going hand in hand with pancreatitis. Vitamin C is an antioxidant and is of great importance for strengthening the human immune system, which is in a weakened state during the period of the disease. Minerals such as iron, magnesium and calcium are designed to improve the qualitative and quantitative composition of the blood. The fiber contained in Jerusalem artichoke has a positive effect on the digestion of food.
The benefits of pancreatitis
As you know, the most common cause of pancreatitis is considered a metabolic disorder and circulatory failure in the pancreas. Jerusalem artichoke is able to eliminate these factors contributing to the development of pancreatitis, since this is a vegetable:
- designed to normalize metabolic processes in the body,
- contributes to the elimination of foci of inflammation,
- normalizes blood pressure
- lowers cholesterol and blood sugar.
Features of use
To achieve a healing effect, it is recommended that patients with pancreatitis enrich their diet with Jerusalem artichoke daily, consuming it in an amount of 100-150 g. Before eating Jerusalem artichoke, you must carefully wash it, but you should not peel the tubers, since it is in them that the bulk of nutrients are concentrated .
You can use Jerusalem artichoke not only fresh, but also baked, boiled and even dried. But from pickled or fried Jerusalem artichoke should be abandoned.
Juice extracted from Jerusalem artichoke tubers is also useful. To improve the taste of such a drink, you can add carrot juice to it.
A good effect is given by the use of a decoction of the tubers of this vegetable. It is necessary to fill in Jerusalem artichoke tubers (7 pcs.) With purified water (2 l) and cook over low heat for 10 minutes. Drink a therapeutic drink should be three times a week for 1 tbsp.
Before talking about the valuable properties of Jerusalem artichoke with pancreatitis, it is necessary to remember what this disease is. And pancreatitis is a condition characterized by metabolic disorders and poor circulation in the pancreas.
The use of Jerusalem artichoke helps to normalize metabolic processes and relieve inflammation, which leads to an improvement in the patient's condition and its stabilization. In addition, the juice of this root crop prevents the development of diabetes mellitus, which very often occurs against a background of malfunctioning of the pancreas. It also prevents the development of atherosclerosis, which is also a common occurrence with pancreatitis.
In addition, this vegetable helps to eliminate toxins from the body. It is an excellent antioxidant, and even though it grows in the ground, the root crop does not completely absorb all the harmful substances that are in it.
In Chernobyl, even conducted experiments, planting Jerusalem artichoke on its territory. After growing up, the results of the study showed that it is completely clean.
Earthen pear juice is very useful for those who still suffer from increased acidity in the stomach. It normalizes the microflora and promotes the rapid digestion of food.
Jerusalem artichoke with pancreatitis can be used in any form. In dried, boiled, even cheese. But it’s best for patients to refuse roasted and baked root vegetables, as well as pickled root, as Jerusalem artichoke prepared in this form can cause irritation of the mucous membrane and the onset of an attack. And you should not get carried away with such an earthen pear, since an allergic reaction can be observed with an increased dose.
And in order to recover from pancreatitis, you must use at least 150 grams of this wonderful root crop. At the same time, you can use it both at once, and in several steps, dividing the right amount of Jerusalem artichoke into equal parts.
If you prefer to eat an earthen pear raw, then you should know that before eating it must be thoroughly washed under running water. It is not necessary to peel it from the peel, since it is in it that most of the useful substances are contained.
The healing decoction of earthen pear is prepared very simply. You just need to take 5 - 6 root crops and pour two liters of cold water. On low heat, all this must be brought to a boil and then cook for 10 - 15 minutes. Root crops from the decoction must be removed and the resulting liquid should be drunk all day. The broth is recommended to drink chilled.
Jerusalem artichoke can cause only an allergic reaction and then it occurs extremely rarely. There are no other side effects of this vegetable, and if after eating it there are pains in the stomach, then this is in no way connected with it.
The cause of the exacerbation must be sought in another. Perhaps you ate or drank something before using Jerusalem artichoke. But in any case, during an exacerbation of the use of decoctions of this vegetable, you need to discuss with your doctor.After all, each case has its own characteristics and may be accompanied by complications in which the use of Jerusalem artichoke is impossible.
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Jerusalem artichoke is used in the treatment of:
- gouty arthritis,
- rheumatoid arthritis,
Jerusalem artichoke contains potassium, which normalizes water-salt metabolism and prevents the deposition of uric acid salts directly in articular joints.
Such substances as silicon, zinc, copper, carotene, sulfur, vitamin C and amino acids provide the body's natural production of collagen, which is the structural basis of many organs (we are talking about the synovial membrane of the joint, tendons, cartilage and bone tissue).
In turn, phosphorus, calcium and silicon, contained in large quantities in Jerusalem artichoke, are necessary for the normal formation of bone tissue. Moreover, it is the amino acid lysine, which is also present in this root crop, that ensures the proper absorption of these substances by the human body.
Jerusalem artichoke - what is it?
Jerusalem artichoke (tuberous sunflower) - a herbaceous plant belonging to the aster family, the genus of sunflower. The name comes from the ancient Chilean tribe "Jerusalem artichoke", who first cultivated it. Externally, the vegetable resembles ginger. Jerusalem artichoke is also called “Solar root”, “Jerusalem artichoke”, “earthen pear”.
In the XVI century, the plant was brought to France, after which it spread throughout Europe. By the way, now it is considered there as a weed. Jerusalem artichoke is still growing in the USA, Japan and Australia, in Ukraine, Russia, Georgia and Moldova.
The tubers of the plant, which are used both as food for humans and animal feed (in hunting areas and households), have nutritional value.
Fried Jerusalem artichoke is similar to the taste of sweet potatoes.
Composition and calorie content
Calorie content per 100 g of Jerusalem artichokeleaves 61 kcal.
The nutritional value: carbohydrates - 12.8 g, proteins - 2.1 g, fats - 0.1 g.
The composition also includes the following substances: dietary fiber, fiber, starch, organic acids, mono- and disaccharides, ash.
The plant is saturated with pectins, organic sugar, amino acids (valine, arginine, isoleucine, histidine, leucine, lysine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, meteonine), mineral salts.
Jerusalem artichoke is 79% water.
Vitamins: A (RE) - 0.002 mg, beta-carotene (0.012 mg), B1 (0.07 mg), B2 (0.06 mg), B6 (0.2 mg), B9 (0.0185 mg), C ( 6 mg), E (TE) - 0.2 mg, PP (1.3 mg), PP (niacin equivalent) - 1.6 mg.
Chemical composition: potassium, phosphorus, chlorine, calcium, sulfur, magnesium, sodium, aluminum, iron, zinc, manganese, copper, boron, fluorine, molybdenum, iodine, cobalt.
Useful and healing properties
Jerusalem artichoke is a great alternative to potatoes.
The healing properties of Jerusalem artichoke:
- Strengthens the immune system, resistance to viruses and harmful bacteria (opisthorchis, lamblia). Helps with dysbiosis.
- Promotes good blood circulation.
- It normalizes blood pressure.
- Strengthens the walls of blood vessels, has a beneficial effect on the heart (potassium).
- It removes bad cholesterol (meteonin) from the body.
- Beneficial effect on the liver.
- It has a beneficial effect on the genitourinary system and kidneys. Used in the treatment of cystitis.
- It has anti-inflammatory effect. Helps with diseases such as colitis, ulcers, gastritis.
- It relieves heartburn, vomiting, prevents bouts of nausea, and prevents bloating. The use of plant tubers eliminates pain (valine).
- It treats joint diseases.
- Promotes the rapid absorption of selenium in the body.
- Prevents the occurrence of cancer.
Due to its rich microelement composition, Jerusalem artichoke improves erectile function, and therefore good for men.
For women is of particular benefit as a means that rejuvenates and tones the skin (amino acid arginine). It is useful, in addition to eating, to make cosmetic masks.
Jerusalem artichoke is very important for children. A young, yet unformed organism of a child needs building materials for internal organs and useful substances that improve their work.
Eating a vegetable as a food improves immunity. Increases the resistance of the child's body to various diseases, infections and bacteria. Vegetables are allowed to be consumed even by children under the age of 1 year (it is better to use a pharmacy children's syrup).
Conveniently for preventive and therapeutic purposes use Jerusalem artichoke oil, which can be bought at a pharmacy. It normalizes sugar levels, stimulates tissue regeneration, boosts immunity, restores intestinal microflora, has a beneficial effect on brain activity, and eliminates dysbiosis.
Harm and contraindications
Unique taste characteristics and the quality of the beneficial plant is mesmerizing. But are there any contraindications to the use of the “earthen pear” and what is the reason?
Initially, we note that Jerusalem artichoke is popular due to its taste, which is similar to native and beloved cabbage. Some say that the Jerusalem artichoke vaguely resembles green asparagus.
One way or another, but the plant is very convenient to use, because its tubers are easily combined with other ingredients of dishes.
The nutritional composition and its beneficial properties are due to its rich composition: calcium, sodium, magnesium, chromium, potassium, silicon, torus - these are just a few of the minerals that are an integral part of the nutrient tuber. A sufficient amount of fiber helps to improve digestive processes, inhibit constipation.
But be careful, because the earthen pear also contains a lot of carbohydrates. In the composition of Jerusalem artichoke there are even more of them than in reed or beets!
As you can see, the “Jerusalem artichoke” is very useful. Actually nthere are practically no rotivological indications for its use. Allergic reactions to Jerusalem artichoke are extremely rare, also applies to individual intolerance.
Only minus can be considered the fact that each meal with the number of dishes, which include Jerusalem artichoke, will provoke subsequent flatulence. The good news is the use of a little trick that will help change the body's reaction to such a tasty and nutritious product: add more spices to the dish. For example, caraway or coriander is good. This combination of ingredients will help to avoid gas formation in the body and eliminate the only drawback due to which the use of earthen pears is often replaced by other products or minimized.
So that the only restrictions and contraindications to the use of Jerusalem artichoke are: individual intolerance, in its raw form, in some cases causes flatulence.
Jerusalem artichoke is not only an original food, but also an excellent therapeutic tool for diabetics.
Vegetable contains insulin.
Studies have shown: prolonged use of Jerusalem artichoke reduces blood sugar (thanks to isoleucine), which is of particular importance for people with diabetes. To do this, it is recommended to eat Jerusalem artichoke half an hour before meals three times a day for 3 pieces.
Jerusalem artichoke syrup is a great substitute for regular sugar. It is cooked at a temperature of 55 °, while at the same time it retains almost all the nutrients of a fresh plant almost completely. The amber-colored syrup tastes like tender floral honey with a slight acidity (lemon juice is added to the preparation). It does not have a pungent odor and is easily soluble in water.
Its comfortable add as a useful substitute for sugar in coffee, tea, cocktails and other drinks, as well as salads and cereals.
Insulin also removes harmful substances from the body, salts of heavy metals, stimulates good digestion, and removes excess bile.
It will be beneficial for diabetics to cook Jerusalem artichoke soup.
Ingredients: cauliflower, broccoli, celery - 100 g each, Bulgarian pepper, onions, carrots - 1 each, seasonings, herbs, salt to taste. Well washed and chopped vegetables (Jerusalem artichoke can even be finely grated), pour into boiling water, salt, add your favorite seasonings and boil for about ten minutes. Mushrooms can be added to the soup for a change.
Jerusalem artichoke is very useful for pregnant women. Due to its iron content (0.4 mg), the plant helps with anemia.
Doctors recommend during this period to use it both for prophylaxis and for the treatment of constipation, since it has a laxative effect. This is especially useful in the third trimester. Fruits are useful to eat raw.
The content of calcium in the product (20 mg) helps strengthen bones, teeth and hair mother and baby. The amino acid lysine is responsible for the growth and development of the fetus, leucine is involved in the formation of muscle tissue.
Jerusalem artichoke has a beneficial effect on the nervous system (valine, phenylalanine and tryptophan), helps with insomnia.
The vegetable also has a beneficial effect on breastfeeding, protecting both mom and baby from harmful microbes.
With pancreatitis in the patient’s body, the normal metabolism is disrupted, which has a harmful effect on the digestive system as a whole.
Introduction to Jerusalem artichoke diet normalizes metabolism, and especially fat metabolism. Prevents the occurrence of inflammatory processes in the body, while gradually normalizing the pressure.
For the treatment of pancreatitis it is useful to eat at least 150 g of Jerusalem artichoke tubers with skin, can be both fresh and boiled, as well as in baked, dried form. It is better to completely refuse fried and pickled foods.
A patient with high acidity will benefit from Jerusalem artichoke juice, to improve the taste of which you can add carrot juice to it.
Also with pancreatitis It is useful to use such a decoction: pour 2 liters of water into the pan, add 7 pieces of Jerusalem artichoke (tubers) and cook for 10 minutes. Take throughout the day, repeat the procedure twice or thrice a week.
How to cook recipes
Jerusalem artichoke has a pleasant sweet taste. This vegetable is widely used in cooking, it can be eaten fresh (the most useful way), evaporated, stewed, fried, added to salads, mashed, made from it.
- Fresh Jerusalem artichoke salad recipe. Peel and cut 4 Jerusalem artichoke tubers, mix them with boiled eggs, cut into cubes, and canned corn. Season with spices and herbs to taste.
- Jerusalem artichoke puree. Rinse the vegetable well, do not peel the peel. It is better to cook it in a steam bath in a colander for 20 minutes, until the tubers are softened. After cooking, peel and pass through a meat grinder.
- Jerusalem artichoke juice. Rinse the tubers and, without peeling (this is more beneficial), squeeze the juice out of them with a juicer. If there is none, then you can grate the vegetable on a fine grater and strain the juice through cheesecloth. It is recommended to use it immediately after cooking, while it is still fresh. Storage in the refrigerator is no more than 12 hours. Juice from Jerusalem artichoke normalizes the work of the stomach and intestines, if taken within two weeks, 0.5 cup half an hour before meals.
- From Jerusalem artichoke, moonshine is also prepared. It is known that from 10 kg of Jerusalem artichoke (tubers) get 900 g of ethyl alcohol.
How to use
When choosing Jerusalem artichoke in a store particular attention should be paid to the skin - it should not be soft, crumpled, wrinkled and in spots of incomprehensible origin. But various roughnesses and bulges on the surface are normal.
In a fresh and boiled form, Jerusalem artichoke is widely used as an independent dish, and as part of salads. It goes well with tomatoes, cucumbers, radishes, radishes, various herbs, pears and quinces.
Vegetables are boiled, fried, stewed, steamed, canned, fermented, dried, pickled. In dried form, the root crop is used in baking.
It is added to cutlets, to pancakes, soups, cream soups, side dishes, casseroles, juices are prepared.
At the same time, Jerusalem artichoke, after various processing, maximally preserves the useful substances that make up its composition.
Jerusalem artichoke for children
Can Jerusalem artichoke be available to children? The use of Jerusalem artichoke is recommended to children to a greater extent even than to adults. This vegetable is a real storehouse of vitamins and minerals required for the normal development of the child's body and to strengthen the immune defense. For example, iron will make the child’s body less vulnerable to various infections (due to hemoglobin synthesis). Phosphorus, potassium and silicon are necessary for the growth and strength of bones, for the health of teeth, nails and hair.
Due to its composition, Jerusalem artichoke is useful for digestion. It will help get rid of dysbiosis, cope with colic of the stomach and intestines, eliminate constipation. Jerusalem artichoke has a cleansing effect, removes toxins from the body and toxins, heavy metals. That is why this product is so useful to children living in regions with poor ecology (for example, in megacities). In a word, food and drinks, including Jerusalem artichoke, are a good way to strengthen immunity and, by the way, lose weight. This product contains few calories, so it will be useful to consume children who are overweight.
At what age can Jerusalem artichoke be introduced into a child’s diet?
It is allowed to start introducing Jerusalem artichoke into the children's menu at a very early age (up to a year). But in this case, it will be better to take the syrup, which can be purchased at pharmacies.
Jerusalem artichoke in weight loss diets
Eating fresh grated Jerusalem artichoke, according to some people, is an independent way to reduce increased appetite. Theoretically, this is explained by the fact that a constant desire to snack is sometimes associated with fluctuations in blood sugar levels. And eating an earthen pear helps to “equalize” this indicator. Actually, for this reason Jerusalem artichoke is recommended for diabetics.
“Against appetite”, an earthen pear also helps because of its richness in dietary fiber. Fiber helps fill the stomach, and leaves it a little longer than, for example, foods rich in simple carbohydrates. As a result, the total calorie intake is reduced, because a person feels full longer and just does not eat too much. So, Jerusalem artichoke is an excellent healthy food product. But using it as the basis for a mono diet is not a healthy weight loss strategy.
There is an unimaginable number of diet options, while they include low-calorie foods that give a lot of energy, but are light for the body and do not allow fat to be stored. And nutritionists did not fail when they noticed Jerusalem artichoke for weight loss. It is low-calorie, healthy, able to perform a cleansing function.
If you decide to lose weight and become slimmer, you should include fresh Jerusalem artichoke in the daily menu. It is not necessary to eat it raw, it is very good in vegetable salads and is friendly with other low-calorie foods. The only caveat is refueling. It should be only vegetable oil in a small amount, but in no case mayonnaise or fat sour cream.
Digestive system diseases
Jerusalem artichoke is rich in inulin and pectins, contributing to the normalization of intestinal microflora, which has found application in the treatment and prevention of dysbiosis.In addition, organic acids and insoluble fiber contained in the plant significantly activate intestinal motility, which not only helps to eliminate constipation, but also effectively cleanses the body of toxins and toxic substances.
Jerusalem artichoke preparations have the following spectrum of action:
- eliminate inflammation localized in the digestive tract,
- accelerate wound healing
- normalize the blood supply to the pancreas,
- contribute to the elimination of bile,
- protect the liver from the negative effects of toxins,
- increase the resistance of the digestive organs to bacterial and viral infections,
- prevent the entry of various parasites into the digestive tract.
Jerusalem artichoke is indicated in the treatment of such diseases:
- biliary dyskinesia,
- stomach ulcer
- cirrhosis of the liver,
- chronic cholecystitis,
- duodenal ulcer,
- hepatitis of various etiologies,
- fatty liver,
Jerusalem artichoke is prescribed for:
- decreased performance
- reduced stamina
- chronic fatigue
The fact is that this plant is rich in arginine and phosphorus, which contribute to increasing stamina, activating physical and mental activity. In addition, Jerusalem artichoke contains magnesium, the amino acid tryptophan and B vitamins, which have a sedative and antidepressant effect.
The immunomodulating and adaptogenic properties of Jerusalem artichoke are known, due to which the use of this unique plant is recommended to relieve stress, restore physical strength, strengthen immunity.
Jerusalem artichoke removes toxins, nitrates, phosphates, radionuclides, salts of heavy metals from the body, therefore it is recommended for people who live in ecologically unfavorable areas or are involved in hazardous industries. It is also important that Jerusalem artichoke contributes to the better absorption by the human body of the strongest natural antioxidant called selenium.
Important! Jerusalem artichoke has absolutely no toxic and allergenic effect. Moreover, the quality of this plant does not depend on the state of the environment; therefore, Jerusalem artichoke tubers collected in the city can be safely taken for food.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (insulin-dependent diabetes)
Inulin, which is part of Jerusalem artichoke and consists of fructose, enters the cells of the body without any participation of the hormone insulin, thereby performing two important functions:
1. Substituting glucose in all metabolic processes.
2. Satisfying in full the energy cell hunger.
Fragments of inulin molecules to a certain extent greatly facilitate the flow of glucose into the cells. So, inulin and fiber, not cleaved by gastric juice, contained in Jerusalem artichoke tubers sorb a large amount of glucose, which is formed during the consumption of food, which prevents its excessive absorption into the blood. At the same time, the so-called energy cell hunger is significantly reduced.
In addition, short fragments of inulin molecules by embedding into the cell wall significantly facilitate the passage of glucose into the cell, which leads to a noticeable, and most importantly, steady decrease in blood sugar. Moreover, a decrease in sugar is not accompanied by sharp daily changes, which is extremely important in the treatment of this type of diabetes mellitus.
Such a stable decrease in glucose levels enhances the synthesis of insulin by special cells of the pancreas itself (this is facilitated by B vitamins, carotenoids and amino acids). It is also important that pectins, inulin, as well as insoluble fiber bind and excrete harmful by-products from the body resulting from metabolic disorders (for example, acetone is a by-product).
Regular intake of Jerusalem artichoke prevents the development of:
- diabetic nephropathy, which can cause kidney failure,
- diabetic retinopathy, which leads to blindness,
- damage to the vessels of the limbs, ending in most cases with gangrene.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (non-insulin-dependent diabetes)
With diabetes mellitus of the second type, Jerusalem artichoke as follows affects the body:
- reduces insulin resistance,
- increases the efficiency of glucose uptake by cells,
- reduces the absorption of glucose from the intestine directly into the blood,
- stimulates the natural production of insulin by the pancreas,
- increases glycogen formation in the liver,
- improves fat metabolism, contributing to the loss of excess weight,
- lowers cholesterol
- improves the functioning of the liver, as well as other digestive organs,
- normalizes the synthesis of hormones as the adrenal cortex, and hormones of the sex glands, as well as the thyroid gland,
- improves the condition of the liver, as well as the digestive tract.
Jerusalem artichoke provides the restoration of many body functions that are impaired due to diabetes. When using Jerusalem artichoke preparations, the functional state of many endocrine glands improves, which helps to improve overall well-being, increase working capacity, as well as vitality in patients with diabetes mellitus.
In diabetes mellitus of both the first and second types, fresh or boiled Jerusalem artichoke tubers must be consumed (the recommended dose is one piece three times a day, 15 minutes before eating food). You can prefer a decoction of this root crop, which is taken 100 ml three times a day.
4 Jerusalem artichoke tubers must be boiled in half a liter of water (the product is simmered for about 20 minutes).
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Jerusalem artichoke for diseases of the joints
The use of Jerusalem artichoke is recommended for such diseases of the musculoskeletal system:
- rheumatoid arthritis,
- salt deposits,
The daily use of Jerusalem artichoke as follows affects the state of health in general, and joints in particular:
1. Increased range of motion.
2. Joint stiffness is reduced.
3. The severity of pain is reduced.
Jerusalem artichoke contains silicon, which is necessary to ensure normal growth and full development of bone tissue. In addition, silicon has pronounced choleretic and immunomodulating properties, actively participating in the metabolism, preventing the formation of osteophytes in the joints and the deposition of sand both in the kidneys and in the gall bladder.
For joint diseases, Jerusalem artichoke is used both internally and as an external agent in the form of baths and compresses.
To prepare a bath with an anesthetic effect, 1.5 kg of Jerusalem artichoke (herbs and flowers) must be poured into 8 liters of cold water, after which the mixture should be brought to a boil and cooked on low heat for 30 minutes. The filtered broth is poured into the bath, diluted with warm water (it is important that the body, when taking the water procedure, is completely covered with broth). The water temperature should not exceed 38 - 40 degrees. Such therapeutic baths are taken no more than 15 minutes. The course of treatment is designed for 15 to 20 procedures that are carried out daily. A second course of treatment can be carried out, if necessary, in a month.
Important! Before taking a bath with Jerusalem artichoke, it is mandatory to measure blood pressure. In the event that it is increased, the procedure must be canceled.
Jerusalem artichoke during pregnancy
Pregnant women often complain of bowel problems such as constipation, diarrhea, and heartburn. And this is due to two factors:
1. A decrease in intestinal motor activity, provoked by hormonal changes in the body of the future mother.
2. A change in intestinal microflora, which often leads to dysbiosis.
The fight against such phenomena is the correct organization of the daily routine, in a balanced diet. So, in the second half of pregnancy (namely, during this period, intestinal function deteriorates) it is recommended to eat often, but the portions should be small. In addition, you need to consume more foods containing plant fibers (for example, fiber).
One of these products is Jerusalem artichoke, which as follows acts on the body:
- normalizes metabolism,
- improves intestinal motility,
- restores the beneficial intestinal microflora,
- relieves constipation and heartburn,
- slows down the absorption of carbohydrates, fats, as well as cholesterol from the intestine directly into the blood,
- struggles with an excessive feeling of hunger (fiber, swelling in the stomach, gives a feeling of fullness).
Jerusalem artichoke contains all the amino acids and substances necessary for the normal development of the fetus (we are talking about calcium, protein, iron).
Decoctions, teas and infusions of Jerusalem artichoke can be used by pregnant women at any time, but you should first consult with a gynecologist to help determine if there is an allergy to this product. In addition, the doctor will establish the optimal dosage of Jerusalem artichoke preparations.
Why is Jerusalem artichoke useful for children?
Jerusalem artichoke is recommended to be taken not only by adults, but also by children, because this root crop contains vitamins C, B9, AT6, AT1, AT2, A, the most useful micro and macro elements necessary for the full development of the children's body.
This plant contains a large amount of iron necessary for the synthesis of hemoglobin (it is hemoglobin that carries oxygen). In addition, iron protects the growing organism from various infections.
Silicon, calcium and phosphorus are necessary for the health of teeth, nails, hair, for the growth and development of bone tissue.
Jerusalem artichoke is an excellent remedy for constipation, gastric and intestinal colic, flatulence, and dysbiosis (as you know, these unpleasant conditions bring a lot of discomfort to children).
This root crop, amazing in its medicinal properties, removes toxins, heavy metals, and radionuclides from the body, therefore it is recommended to introduce it into the diet of children living in large cities with poor environmental conditions.
With the help of fresh juice from Jerusalem artichoke tubers, diluted halfway with water and taken daily three times a day on an empty stomach, it is possible to mitigate the manifestations of tuberculosis and bronchial asthma, to cure bronchitis and other respiratory diseases.
Taking Jerusalem artichoke is the key to strong immunity and excellent child health. Moreover, Jerusalem artichoke is a low-calorie product, and therefore can be consumed by overweight children.
Jerusalem artichoke for children up to a year
Jerusalem artichoke is allowed for use by children up to a year, while the best option is to use the pharmacy option - Jerusalem artichoke syrup, designed specifically for children. The composition of this syrup includes exclusively natural products:
1. Jerusalem artichoke tubers.
3. Freshly squeezed lemon juice.
Amber-colored syrup does not have a pronounced smell, while it tastes like flower honey.
The benefits of Jerusalem artichoke syrup:
- improved metabolism
- normalization of intestinal microflora,
- lower cholesterol
- removal of toxins and toxins,
- strengthening joints, bones, heart,
- strengthening immunity.
Candied Jerusalem artichoke
Children can be offered candied Jerusalem artichoke tubers, which are similar to raisins, while they taste like dried pineapple.
It should be noted that candied fruits are made only from fresh Jerusalem artichoke: thus, cubed root tubers are heated to 55 degrees for three to five minutes, after which they quickly cool to 35 degrees. This procedure is repeated three times. Then the tubers are dried for another day at a temperature of 35 degrees. Thanks to such a complex process, it is possible to preserve all the useful vitamins and minerals of the root crop.
It is also important that candied fruits can be stored for a year, which cannot be said about fresh tubers.
For children (including diabetics), such healthy candied fruits that strengthen their general state of health can very well replace sweets.
Jerusalem artichoke - dietary supplement
Jerusalem artichoke is a biologically active supplement of natural origin, used as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent for a wide range of diseases. This dietary supplement is available in various dosage forms.
In general, the use of biologically active additives, based on Jerusalem artichoke, makes it possible, firstly, to carry out preventive and rehabilitation work among weakened children and adults, and secondly, to increase the effectiveness of treatment of various diseases provoked by metabolic disorders, stress, and immune insufficiency.
Indications for the use of dietary supplements based on Jerusalem artichoke:
- lack of selenium (Jerusalem artichoke does not contain selenium, but contributes to its absorption from food),
- prevention of cardiovascular disease,
- prevention of the development of cancer,
- slowing down the aging process,
- treatment of skin diseases
- treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system and respiratory system,
- strengthening the immune system
- normalization of metabolic processes,
- removal of intoxication in case of poisoning of various origins,
- normalization of the digestive tract,
- rehabilitation after infectious and non-infectious diseases.
Instructions for use of Jerusalem artichoke
It is recommended to start using dietary supplements based on Jerusalem artichoke gradually, which will help to "accustom" the gastrointestinal tract to this product and exclude a possible feeling of discomfort. The fact is that Jerusalem artichoke, entering the intestines, suppresses pathogenic microflora and stimulates the growth of lacto- and bifidobacteria friendly to the human body. For this reason, the initial consumption of a large amount of the drug can cause discomfort in the intestine, with the appearance of the first signs of which the dose of the powder should be reduced. After a few days, when the microflora is restored, and the discomfort disappears, you can again proceed to the required dose of the drug.
Adults in the first week are recommended to take 0.2 - 0.5 tsp. Jerusalem artichoke powder per day, half an hour before meals, washing down with water.
In the second week, the dose for adults increases to 1 tsp. per day (in the future, the powder is also taken on a teaspoon, washed down with water 30 minutes before a meal).
For children, an adjustment of the indicated dosages is necessary in a smaller direction.
If desired, you can add Jerusalem artichoke powder to ready-made dishes (salads, soups, side dishes, yoghurts), half a teaspoon per serving.
Important! Jerusalem artichoke powder thins the blood, so it can not be consumed in the preoperative period and during menstruation.
Jerusalem artichoke for weight loss
Jerusalem artichoke is an excellent tool for safe weight loss, which has been proven in clinical and experimental studies.
The benefits of Jerusalem artichoke for weight loss:
1. Improving fat and carbohydrate metabolism.
2. Decreased blood insulin levels (obesity is often a consequence of type 2 diabetes).
3. Removal of toxins and salts of heavy metals.
4. Providing the body with many vitamins, micro and macro elements, in which losing weight most often lack.
5. Elimination of constipation (this problem often occurs in losing weight, which is associated with malfunctioning of the intestines).
Calorie Jerusalem artichoke
The calorie content of Jerusalem artichoke is about 70 kcal. The proteins in this root crop contain 2 g, fats - 0,01 g, and carbohydrates - 15,84 g.
Reception of this low-calorie, but at the same time nutritious product will not only not negatively affect the figure, but will also help to eliminate hunger while following a particular diet, thereby contributing to the overall process of losing weight.
Jerusalem artichoke for obesity
Obesity today is rightfully considered one of the most dangerous diseases in the whole world, since it entails serious and sometimes fatal complications, among which:
- angina pectoris
- heart failure,
- gallbladder disease
- cirrhosis of the liver,
- articular osteochondrosis,
- involuntary urination,
- oncological diseases,
- benign cerebral edema,
- sudden death due to an unclear cause.
Jerusalem artichoke not only effectively fights the root causes of obesity, which are metabolic disorders (especially fat metabolism) and imbalance in the intestines, but also eliminates the symptoms of obesity.
Taking Jerusalem artichoke preparations contributes to:
- normalization of both carbohydrate and fat metabolism,
- lower blood insulin levels,
- normalization of intestinal motility
- weight loss.
Of course, there can be no question of rapid weight loss of 10 - 15 kg per month. With the help of Jerusalem artichoke, weight loss occurs systematically and gradually, by restructuring all types of metabolism. For this reason, weight loss is noticeable only after three to four months. Although there are cases when there is significant weight loss in the first month of taking Jerusalem artichoke.
The rate of onset of the effect of taking Jerusalem artichoke depends on such factors:
1. An individual feature of the body.
2. Balanced diet.
3. Optimal motor mode, involving physical activity.
If the loss of extra pounds is less than desired, then you should not be upset, because those positive changes that occur in the body as a result of taking Jerusalem artichoke preparations have a beneficial effect on the course and development of serious diseases that accompany obesity.
The benefits of Jerusalem artichoke with obesity:
- lowering blood pressure
- relief of angina attacks,
- decrease in the risk of vascular diseases (myocardial infarction, cerebral stroke),
- prevention of exacerbation of diseases such as cholecystitis and pancreatitis.
Jerusalem artichoke and bran
A dry mix of Jerusalem artichoke and bran is recommended for diet therapy, indicated for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as it not only promotes excellent assimilation of nutrients, but also contains a large amount of nutrients.
A pharmacy version of such a mixture can be added to various dishes and drinks. In this case, it is important to observe the dosage prescribed by the instruction and remember that heating the mixture to high temperatures deprives it of many useful properties. Therefore, it is better to add a mixture of Jerusalem artichoke and bran to cold dishes.
Bran, like Jerusalem artichoke, is a valuable source of fiber, which accounts for the main effect of this mixture on the body - stimulation and purification of the digestive system, which entails a natural weight loss.
The effect of a mixture of Jerusalem artichoke and bran on the body:
- decreased appetite
- weight normalization
- skin condition improvement,
- promoting stool regularity by normalizing the digestive tract,
- prevention of atherosclerosis (both Jerusalem artichoke and bran lower cholesterol),
- slowing down the breakdown of starch, which positively affects the glycemic index of products,
- normalization of metabolism.
A mixture of Jerusalem artichoke and bran is recommended for people who suffer from dysbiosis, constipation and are overweight. In addition, this mixture can be prescribed to children over 10 months of age as a harmless and effective vitamin and mineral supplement.
A mixture of Jerusalem artichoke and bran is used only as a part of mucous products (for example, in jelly or mucous porridge) and in a reduced dose with:
- exacerbation of a stomach ulcer,
- duodenal ulcer,
- gastritis in a chronic stage,
- ulcerative colitis
More about losing weight
Jerusalem artichoke in cosmetology
Jerusalem artichoke is used in cosmetology as an excellent anti-aging agent that smoothes the deepest wrinkles and improves complexion. Jerusalem artichoke is an effective antiseptic that fights acne and skin irritations.
With the help of Jerusalem artichoke infusion, you can restore shine to your hair, strengthen your hair follicle and simply improve your hair. For this, 4 tbsp. finely chopped Jerusalem artichoke leaves should be poured with one liter of boiling water, and then insist the remedy for 40 minutes. The strained infusion rinses the hair after washing the hair. Hair after this procedure becomes soft, beautiful and silky.
Jerusalem artichoke face masks
Masks based on grated Jerusalem artichoke tubers have long been used for cosmetic purposes to eliminate sagging skin and smooth wrinkles. Jerusalem artichoke masks relieve irritation and inflammation of the skin.
In addition, Jerusalem artichoke is used to treat acne and seborrhea: for example, the composition of the tubers of the plant includes many substances that stimulate the natural production of collagen, which is responsible for the firmness and elasticity of the skin. Such substances include vitamin C, carotenoids, silicon and copper, sulfur and amino acids.
We can not say about zinc, which has anti-inflammatory properties. It is this trace element that normalizes the secretion of the sebaceous glands of the skin, thereby preventing the formation of acne.
Anti wrinkle mask
Three Jerusalem artichoke tubers are thoroughly washed and rubbed with a grater, after which 0.5 tsp is added to the resulting mass. honey. The resulting slurry is applied to the face for 20 minutes, after which it is washed off with water at room temperature. It is recommended to do masks every other day (a total of 21 masks must be done, and after 10 procedures the effect of the mask will be noticeable).
Mask for dry skin
0.5 tsp should be added to the gruel from freshly grated Jerusalem artichoke tubers. olive oil. The mask is applied for 20 minutes, after which it is washed off with warm and necessarily weak tea leaves of green tea. After 4 minutes, the face is wiped with a piece of ice (you can just wash it with cool water). After 10 masks, the skin will become supple and soft, while after 20 treatments, wrinkles will be smoothed out.