Diseases

Burst ulcer of the stomach: causes and consequences

Damage to the mucous membranes of the stomach at its exit or in the upper part of the organ is called peptic ulcer.

Without adequate timely treatment, the situation is aggravated. The defect, spreading to all layers of the organ, provokes the rupture of a stomach ulcer,

which is considered the most serious complication of a gastroenterological disease, capable of ending for a patient with a fatal outcome.

If a stomach ulcer burst, only emergency surgery can help. If you refuse surgical treatment, the patient is doomed. Conservative treatment in this case is ineffective.

What happens if a stomach ulcer bursts, the first symptoms?

Perforation of the defect (rupture of the gastric wall) leads to the fact that the contents of the digestive organ, including gastric juices, are poured into the peritoneum (a typical complication) or in the large / small omentum, omentum bag, inter-commissural cavity, fiber (retroperitoneal) - atypical rupture of the ulcer.

After the ulcer burst, internal bleeding opens in the abdominal cavity or in the digestive tract.

Physical, chemical and bacterial stimuli contained in food cause a severe inflammatory process (peritonitis), which develops in stages:

1 phase of peritonitis chemical (primary shock)

  • It can develop within six hours. The duration of the process depends on the diameter of the bursting ulcer and the amount of food masses filling the organ,
  • An unbearable "dagger pain" in the navel and epigastrium will report that the ulcer burst. If perforation of the anterior wall of the organ has occurred, pain will be felt in the abdomen on the left, giving to the shoulder of the left hand,
  • The position on the right side with the knees tightened briefly relieves pain,
  • Pale skin becomes sticky with cold sweat
  • Breathing shallow, pectoral, sick due to tense abdominal muscles cannot take a deep breath,
  • Blood pressure indicators are low, heart rate is normal, facial features are sharpened, eyes seem hollow,

2 phase of peritonitis bacterial (seeding by pathogenic microorganisms) is sometimes called a period of systemic inflammatory reaction and imaginary improvement. Stage is characterized by a decrease in the severity of symptoms. Often patients, being in an uncritical state of euphoria, refuse to believe that a stomach ulcer has burst.

The pathogenic process is manifested:

  • Rapid heart rate, fever and lowering blood pressure,
  • Intestinal peristalsis disappears, toxic paresis (paralysis) occurs,
  • The patient's tongue is dry, with a gray coating spreading on the sides and at the top of the tongue.
  • The abdominal muscles relax and take part in the breathing process,
  • If the rupture of a stomach ulcer is covered with an omental lock, then the pain disappears even with palpation,

It is at these two stages that prompt medical care for a burst stomach ulcer will be effective. Otherwise, the complication will take the most severe form of development, threatening the life of the patient.

Stage 3 - abdominal sepsis, diffuse purulent peritonitis.

After twelve hours after the gap, the patient's condition rapidly deteriorates:

  • Constant vomiting opens, leading to dehydration,
  • There are sharp jumps in temperature from 40 ° C to normal values ​​of 36.6 ° C,
  • The pulse is frequent (120 beats per 1 min.), The pressure drops below 100 mmHg,
  • The patient is indifferent, lethargic, not responding to external stimuli,
  • The abdomen increases in volume due to the accumulation of fluid and gas,
  • No urine output

Surgical care at this stage rarely gives a positive result.

Causes of perforated ulcer

A perforated ulcer is a through hole in the gastric wall. Usually this condition occurs as a result of complications of peptic ulcer.During perforation (rupture of the wall of the stomach), the gastric contents and secretions penetrate into the abdominal cavity. When a stomach ulcer bursts in the peritoneum, internal bleeding occurs.

Provoking factors for the formation of perforated ulcers:

  1. Exacerbation of peptic ulcer.
  2. An increased amount of food in the stomach.
  3. High acidity of gastric secretion.
  4. Violation of the diet: taking alcoholic beverages, spices and other prohibited foods.
  5. Sudden intense physical exertion.

In the male half of humanity, this pathology is more common than in the female.

The first period is the phase of chemical peritonitis

Depending on the amount of contents entering the abdominal cavity, the localization of the gap, this period can last 3-12 hours.

The following symptoms are characteristic of this phase:

  • intolerant severe pain in the umbilical region and epigastrium at an early stage of perforation. In some situations, pain can cause the patient to lose consciousness,
  • if perforation occurred in the front wall of the digestive organ, then the pain spreads to the left shoulder and left side of the abdomen,
  • rapid shallow chest breathing,
  • low blood pressure, bradycardia occurs,
  • cold sweat and pallor of the skin,
  • muscle tension of the abdominal cavity, their relief is visible. The patient does not allow touching the stomach.

The painful sensations are slightly relieved in the position with the knees tightened lying on the right side. Intestinal peristalsis and normal heart rate persist.

Signs of a stomach ulcer

It is known that an ulcer has a distinctive property of "reminding" of itself during the autumn and spring seasons. Therefore, the manifestation of the following symptoms at this time gives rise to consult a doctor to make and clarify the diagnosis of peptic ulcer.

Without adequate timely treatment, the situation is aggravated. The defect, spreading to all layers of the organ, provokes the rupture of a stomach ulcer, which is considered the most serious complication of a gastroenterological disease, which can end in a fatal outcome for a patient.

Manifestations of signs of gastric ulcers are directly related to the location of the ulcer, the age of the patient, as well as the individual tolerance of pain.

Causes of ulcer

Peptic ulcer is characterized by damage to the integument of the stomach. Without proper therapy, the disease worsens, pathology spreads to all layers of the organ and can lead to rupture of the ulcer. The consequences when a stomach ulcer burst can be deplorable and result in death for the patient.

When a stomach ulcer burst, only an urgent surgical intervention can save the patient. So what are the consequences of a bursting stomach ulcer for the body?

Disease treatment

What is a stomach ulcer? Not everyone met with her, and therefore does not know the definition of that disease. So, this is a disease that is accompanied by certain defects, or ulcers, in the stomach. Most men at the age of 22 to 52 are at risk.

This is mainly a cyclical and chronic disease. Over the years, it harms human health and appears periodically. The ulcer makes itself felt both in the spring and in the fall.

A sharp pain in the epigastrium is one of the symptoms of an ulcer

The main symptoms of a stomach ulcer

If you are constantly worried about pain in the epigastric region, the vertebral thoracic region, then you may have a peptic ulcer. It is worth paying attention to the appearance of this pain, whether immediately after a meal, or after some time. This will help you determine where the stomach is damaged.

Symptoms of gastric ulcer are quite diverse. They may depend on the location, depth and size of the ulcer, as well as the age of the person. The main symptom of a stomach ulcer is pain. It depends on the meal.

Also, symptoms of a stomach ulcer can be such symptoms:

  • Heartburn
  • Gag reflex and nausea
  • Bloating
  • Dark stool that is associated with bleeding
  • Blood vomiting
  • Sudden weight loss.

A large number of lesions can lead to the joint work of all pains. They can be felt everywhere: under the shoulder blade, in the lumbar region, between the shoulder blades.

Pain in the human body is mainly accompanied by heartburn, belching, a feeling of nausea and a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen. People who suffer from an ulcer try to induce a gag reflex, thereby relieving themselves of pain. It is clear that they lose weight, because they do not eat food, because of fear of another pain.

Gastric ulcer has a negative ability - affects the development of cancer cells.

That is why it is necessary to undergo consultations with a gastroenterologist, where the doctor takes a sample of the gastric mucosa. Also, it is recommended to undergo gastroscopy. If new cells that form cancer are identified, treatment can begin, which in some cases can even save lives.

Read: Stomach spasm: what to do and when is it best to go to the doctor?

Gastric ulcer: drugs for treatment

There are many different drugs for treating stomach ulcers.

The first drug is Axide. This medicine is a decrease in hydrochloric acid in the body. Some side effects may appear from it, for example, the appearance of nausea, an allergy to sleep.

In rare cases, tachycardia is also possible. This drug should not be used by pregnant and elderly people. An analogue of the above medication is Nizatidine.

Anacid is also an excellent drug for stomach ulcers. It lowers the concentration of hydrochloric acid in the juice of the stomach. In this case, the gastric mucosa is completely protected from acid action. It stops the absorption of phosphates in the walls of the stomach.

This drug may cause constipation, diarrhea and a lack of calcium, due to too much removal from the body. People with kidney disease are not recommended. There are many analogues of this tool, for example, Alumag and Maalukol.

The next drug is Antodyne. It lowers hydrochloric acid in the stomach, reduces the properties of hormonal pepsin. Dizziness, headaches, diarrhea, or allergies may appear from this remedy. You may also have various rashes and itching. It is contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women. Also, for those who have kidney disease, it is recommended that they consult a physician.

White plaque on the tongue as a symptom of a stomach ulcer

There are many drugs like Anthodin. For example, gastrogen, novofamotidine, pepsidin, famonite, famocide.

Another medicine is gastrocepin. It reduces the performance of gastric juice. It may cause an allergy, accompanied by skin rashes, stomach upset, and thirst. Like him: Gastrozem, Pyrehexal, Pirenzepine-ratiopharm.

Compensan lowers acidity in the human body, also envelops the gastric walls. It heals the mucous membrane of the stomach. This drug may cause indigestion.

Do not take with antibiotics, as the effect is reduced. Similar drugs are Carbaldrat and Alyugastrin.

In general, there are still many drugs to treat stomach ulcers, for example, Gastral, which relieves stomach pain and relieves heartburn. Also, Phosphalugel, which neutralizes acid in the stomach, reduces pepsin activity. This drug is considered antiviral.

Buscopan reduces the muscle activity of organs in the human body. Pregnant and lactating can not be consumed on their own. Ventrisol prevents the gastric walls from absorbing gastric juice. People with problem kidneys or just pregnancy are not recommended.

What are the causes and consequences of stomach ulcers?

Diagnosis of gastric ulcer - palpation

It is proved that a stomach ulcer appears due to the bacteria Helicobacter pylori (Helicobacter pylori). She has the opportunity to neutralize the acid in the stomach, which leads to an ulcer.

If the body has a large amount of hydrochloric acid, then the acidity in the stomach can become the cause of the ulcer.

Heredity, poor nutrition, lack of daily routine and nutrition, drinking soda with caffeine, malnutrition, too spicy foods, drinking alcohol and cigarettes also play a big role.

An ulcer can appear with mental and nervous experiences, with stress, with the use of drugs that are not too suitable for you. Gastric ulcer can lead to various consequences. It is clear that it gives people suffering, and then complications.

What are the primary symptoms that indicate gastric ulcer? Is it possible to find out from certain pains whether it is an ulcer? Read on

A stomach ulcer is one of the most common diseases of the digestive system, accompanied by a local defect in the mucous membrane of the organ.

Initially, this pathology can occur in a latent form, in which case it will not be accompanied by any noticeable manifestations. Signs appear with significant progression of the disease, nutritional errors, in the case of the use of products irritating the gastric mucosa.

Disease complications

As soon as the first signs of a stomach ulcer have been detected, you need to urgently consult a doctor. Because complications can even lead to death. A comprehensive diagnosis, which the specialist will prescribe, will help to identify the disease. He will choose the treatment.

The discovery of a peptic ulcer is most often accompanied by acute pain. Discomfort can be localized both in the epigastric region and radiating to other parts of the body.

During perforation of the wall of the digestive organ, the patient experiences sudden piercing pain. With hidden hemorrhage, pain may be absent, blood pressure decreases sharply, a fainting state and weakness are observed.

Diseases of the stomach are not the last among the known diseases affecting humanity. The pattern has been observed for centuries of the existence of medical science and practice. Problems of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer remain highly significant. The article discusses in detail the danger of a stomach ulcer, especially perforated or degenerated into cancer.

Home »Gastric ulcer» Gastric ulcer after surgery: complications, precautions

Attention: the information is not intended for self-medication. We do not guarantee its accuracy, reliability and relevance in your case. Treatment should be prescribed by a specialist doctor.

Almost all types of operations on the stomach can give these or other complications.

What to fear? What lifestyle is necessary for the patient to avoid the side effects of recent surgery?

The likelihood of unpleasant surprises

Anastomositis evacuation disorder

It is difficult to prevent these consequences by the efforts of the patient, it all depends on the characteristics of the body and on the professionalism of the doctor.

The most terrible are internal bleeding and peritonitis. Sometimes they are fatal.

With intestinal obstruction, inconsistency of sutures, abscesses, infiltrates usually have to be repeated.

It is quite realistic to neutralize evacuation disorders and dysphagia by conservative methods through the use of special medications.

Late complications and their prevention

It happens that the operated person begins to feel quite well within a month and a half after the removal of the ulcer, however, the functions of the stomach are fully restored only after five months. All this time it is necessary with utmost meticulousness to comply with the safety requirements prescribed by the doctor, some restrictions on movement and a strict diet. Alcohol is absolutely contraindicated.

Deviations from the regime will not slow to make themselves felt with bouts of pain, or even perforation.

Unfortunately, it is not always possible to prevent deterioration. There are a number of late complications.

Complications of peptic ulcer are life-threatening and require immediate surgical intervention.

Diagnosis of the disease

The doctor may suggest the presence of ulcers after collecting complaints and examining the patient. However, quite often the symptoms of gastric ulcer are not pronounced or completely absent.

To make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a gastroscopy, which allows a thorough examination of the gastric mucosa and to understand whether there are ulcerative lesions on it. If the latter are detected, a biopsy is taken - a piece of the mucosa is plucked off for examination.

According to the testimony of a specialist, an X-ray examination of the stomach with barium can be prescribed. In addition, the patient will have to pass a blood and urine test. If hidden bleeding is questionable, your doctor may order a stool to be tested.

For an accurate diagnosis and, accordingly, the appointment of adequate treatment for gastric ulcers, the following methods are used:

  1. FGS with a breakdown of the mucous membranes around the ulcer formation,
  2. Bacteriological examination of samples for the presence of Helicobakter pylori,
  3. X-ray with contrasting barium,
  4. Blood tests - biochemical and general,
  5. The study of the functions of the duodenum and stomach.

It is necessary to consult a doctor at the very first symptoms of a stomach ulcer in order to timely diagnose the disease and get the necessary treatment.

Patient nutrition

In order to prevent exacerbation of a stomach ulcer, the symptoms of which are already known, you should eat properly. First of all, food should ensure full saturation of the body with vitamins and minerals, and also not irritate the mucous membrane. Servings should be small. It is better to eat often, but little by little, so as not to stretch the diseased organ.

Vomiting with a stomach ulcer is a fairly common occurrence during an exacerbation. Therefore, one should consume as many products of liquid consistency as possible.

Alcohol, spicy and salty, flour, fried should be excluded. And most importantly - carefully monitor the general condition of the body.

If the temperature rises with a stomach ulcer outside the period of exacerbation, you should immediately inform your doctor.

Featured Materials

1. The appearance of a stomach ulcer prevents the frequent consumption of onions and garlic.

2. A stomach ulcer and a duodenal ulcer are successfully treated with sea buckthorn oil. 30 minutes before a meal, drink 1 teaspoon 2-3 times a day. Store oil in a dark place.

3. Prepare juice from 10 lemons and pour 3 raw eggs into it. Dissolve the mixture for 7 days, then pour in a glass of vodka and aloe and a tablespoon of honey. Drink a tablespoon before meals 3 times.

4. With a stomach ulcer and a duodenal ulcer, you can drink 5 g of eucalyptus infusion 6 times a day.

5. With a stomach ulcer. grate the beets, squeeze, drink a glass 3 times a day for 4 days, and then 100 g 3 times a day for 2-3 months one hour before eating.

6. With an ulcer, you need to drink chaga and celandine 3 times a day.

7. In a water bath, prepare 15 ml of Eleutherococcus extract per 150 ml of water, wrap the dishes with infusion with a rag, put in a warm place for 2 hours, drink 3 times a day in a tablespoon. Helps with an ulcer.

8. If you have an ulcer, you need to regularly drink cabbage juice.

9. With a stomach ulcer, you need to take 5 liters of milk and 1 kg of honey in the comb, cook until 3 liters remain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals. To the diet add infusions or decoctions of St. John's wort, chamomile, calendula, knotweed.

10. With increased acidity, drink warm water at night with 1 tbsp. honey. At low - a glass of cold water with 1 tbsp. honey.

Disease prevention

In order to prevent all possible stomach ulcer syndromes, you should carefully monitor your health. After all, a disease is always easier to prevent than to cure.

In order to avoid such an unpleasant ailment, you should get rid of bad habits, carefully monitor hygiene.And you need to eat right.

That is, to take food in small doses at a strictly defined time and not to eat too hot or cold food.

If it was not possible to avoid the disease, then preventive measures should be taken that will not allow exacerbation of the pathology. These include the systematic administration of drugs against Helicobacter pylori and pain medication with a pronounced pain syndrome.

It is worth remembering the main thing - the symptoms of stomach ulcers in adults and children are completely identical. Therefore, carefully monitor the health of your child in order to have time to prevent this serious ailment.

Prevention can be primary and secondary. The primary prevents the appearance of peptic ulcer, and the secondary does not allow the development of an already appeared disease further. So that the patient does not infect others, it is necessary to provide him with individual hygiene products, as well as cutlery.

You can reduce the risk of the disease by observing oral hygiene and completely giving up alcohol and smoking. It is advisable to adhere to a proper and healthy diet: you should reduce the consumption of spicy, smoked foods, as well as drinks with gas and caffeine. Refusal from unsystematic medication will also help to avoid inflammation of the gastric mucosa.

Sports training, gymnastics, and healthy, prolonged sleep help prevent ulcers.

If nevertheless there are symptoms of the disease, then you must immediately consult a doctor. Timely assistance helps promote rapid recovery and reduces the risk of complications. During treatment, you must strictly adhere to a special antiulcer diet.

To prevent such a dangerous consequence with peptic ulcer, first of all, you need to undergo the therapy prescribed for the ulcer and adhere to a sparing diet.

In addition, it is necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle, avoid stress and intense physical exertion.

It is important to stop drinking alcohol and smoking. The patient is prescribed special drugs that need to be used for preventive purposes.

Content

Almost always during pregnancy, peptic ulcer does not bother women. But this is not a reason to forget about her. Although in 25% of cases after childbirth, an ulcer occurs on its own. This occurs against the background of hormonal changes during pregnancy.

Recently, maintaining a healthy lifestyle has become rapidly gaining popularity. People quit bad habits massively, start playing sports, refuse to eat foods harmful to the body.

They also close the perforation or perform a resection of the affected part of the digestive organ. A dangerous symptom is a mirror gastric ulcer, in which ulcerative lesions are opposite each other. Rupture of a blood vessel due to an ulcer can cause stomach bleeding.

Often an acute gastric ulcer develops on a nervous basis. Store oil in a dark place. The resection to which a stomach ulcer is exposed during pregnancy is not desirable, resort to endoscopic methods or conservative.

Bleeding with heartburn, in which the processed blood does not burst ml. Mitral picture more often than gastric need About a perforated fillet accompanied by sharp sharp pain in the abdominal part of the stomach. Many patients, medicinal methods to lose weight, use when why it smells from the mouth with gastritis when, in the stomach, they get a stomach ulcer.

In this case, you should contact a specialist for medical help as soon as possible. Fried eggs and oxidation of autoimmune gastritis.

With hidden blood loss, the symptoms are almost invisible. Classification of the origin of bleeding also comes from such ulcers,

  • sharp
  • chronic
  • symptomatic.

    Stop gastric bleeding, especially if it opened quickly, it is necessary in a short time. This is the main condition for preserving the life and health of the patient.A patient who has an open ulcer bleeds needs to call an ambulance, lie on his back and not move. If possible, in the conditions in which the person is, it is recommended to apply ice or other cold on the stomach.

    If a bleeding ulcer has opened, it is forbidden to use anything inside, even drink water. You just need to lie still. Ambulance doctors provide transportation on a stretcher.

    First aid is that you need to do everything to stop the ulcer that has opened.

    Endoscopic homostasis is performed. It is carried out by physical or medical methods. An ulcer can be cauterized by thermal, laser or electrical methods. Bleeding is stopped by coagulants, hemostatics, vasoconstrictor drugs, oily, physiological or sclerosing solution.

    Stopping bleeding with surgery is carried out only if other methods failed. If you do not immediately seek treatment, or if the doctors did not see the severity of the violation, the complications associated with bleeding may be irreversible.

    Sometimes bleeding associated with the stomach stops on its own. But in such a situation, medical consultation is no less important, since without treatment, the next exacerbation will come soon.

    To stop the blood, you need hospitalization. The patient is shown bed rest and the use of food and liquid is prohibited.

    First, for hemostatics, injections of a solution of chloride, "Vikasol" are made, the patient is given a dropper with epsilon-aminocaproic acid.

    If the blood loss is very strong, the patient is given a blood transfusion. When the red blood cell count stabilizes, the patient is carefully monitored. In this case, an additional diagnosis of etymology is needed. A method for treating gastric bleeding depends on where exactly it occurs.

    In addition to traditional and operational methods, for the treatment of the disease, you need to adhere to a special diet. Forbidden absolutely everything for about 3 days. In case of severe thirst, they are allowed to drink 2 teaspoons of water or dissolve a small ice floe.

  • liquid mashed porridge
  • soufflé from cottage cheese or meat,
  • mashed vegetables
  • meatballs

    An acute ulcer is commonly understood as a deep defect in the internal cavity of the stomach, affecting not only the mucous layer, but also the submucosa. Most of these ulcerations are localized on the lesser curvature of the digestive organ toward the lower surface of the liver, less often on a large curvature towards the spleen or on the back wall.

    2. A stomach ulcer and a duodenal ulcer are successfully treated with sea buckthorn oil. 30 minutes before a meal, drink 1 teaspoon 2-3 times a day. Store oil in a dark place. 3. Prepare juice from 10 lemons and pour 3 raw eggs into it. Dissolve the mixture for 7 days, then pour in a glass of vodka and aloe and a tablespoon of honey. Drink a tablespoon before meals 3 times.

    A perforated (perforated) ulcer is a severe, threatening death for the patient, complication of gastric and duodenal ulcer, leading to the communication of the lumen of these sections of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) with the abdominal cavity.

    As a result, under the influence of chemical, physical and bacterial irritants contained in food masses, peritonitis develops, requiring urgent surgical intervention.

    Gastric ulcer bleeding

    For the treatment of gastritis and ulcers, our readers successfully use Monastic Tea. Seeing the popularity of this product, we decided to offer it to your attention.
    Read more here ...

    Peptic ulcer bleeding is the most common complication of ulcers. It happens in 10% of patients. Most often, such a disruption of the stomach occurs against the background of an exacerbated peptic ulcer. Both a new small ulcer and an old erosion, which has not been felt for a long time, can bleed.This is a dangerous disease, the treatment of which requires a lot of efforts on the part of doctors and the patient.

    Methods of treatment with folk remedies

    Gastric Ulcer (Dr. Henry)

    A stomach ulcer is damage to the gastric mucosa at the exit from it and in the upper third of the stomach, penetrating far into the gastric wall. If the latter bursts, gastric juices and contents of the stomach penetrate into the abdominal cavity and can additionally cause inflammation of the abdomen. If the ulcer causes rupture of the blood vessel, gastric bleeding occurs. In this case, medical attention is needed. A typical sign is a feeling of pressure immediately after eating. A stomach ulcer occurs for various reasons: hereditary tendency, psychosocial stress, increased acidity of the stomach, circulatory disorders, as well as a number of drugs, etc.

    The risk of illness among smokers, workers in certain professions (transport, chemistry) and those who work in shifts is much higher.

    • lead a healthy lifestyle! Be wary of food, more movements, breathing exercises and healthy sleep.

    • limit your intake of coffee, tea, tobacco and alcohol!

    • eat regularly and not uniformly!

    • Avoid stress and nervous tension.

    • The stomach should calm down, best with fasting or a mono-diet to reduce the acidity of the stomach. Even after the healing of the ulcer, it is necessary to avoid fats, pork, smoked meats, citrus fruits and hot spices.

    • Stop smoking and drinking alcohol.

    • teas: chamomile, peppermint, flaxseed.

    • cold or warm compresses on the stomach.

    • A stomach ulcer is often of nervous origin.

    • Avoid any stress. Almost a third of stomach ulcers can be cured in this way. The whole technique of relaxation and self-hypnosis is good.

    Duodenal ulcer (Dr. Henry)

    A duodenal ulcer is damage to the gastric mucosa. The duodenum, in essence, is the beginning of the small intestine and leaves the stomach. An ulcer can penetrate deep into the wall of the stomach. If the latter bursts, the digestive juices and contents of the stomach penetrate into the abdominal cavity and may additionally cause inflammation of the underbelly. If the ulcer causes a rupture of a blood vessel, bleeding occurs, in which case medical help is needed. A typical sign of an ulcer is acute pain approximately two hours after eating or at night.

    An ulcer causes a number of factors: the tendency of an ulcer to respond to psychosocial stress, increased acidity of the stomach, circulatory disorders, as well as a number of medications (for example, cortisones, some anti-rheumatism drugs, and some drugs to improve blood circulation). The risk of illness among smokers, workers in certain professions (transport, chemistry), as well as those who work in shifts, is much higher.

    Prevention and self-help:

    All measures recommended for stomach ulcers.

    Exacerbation of peptic ulcer of the duodenum

    (Dr. Konovalov S.S.)

    · Flax seed. At night, pour 1-2 tablespoons of seeds with 1.5-2 cups of boiling water. In the morning squeeze through cheesecloth (you can bring to a boil and immediately remove from heat). The resulting broth drink 1 /2 glasses (you can also 1 /3 glass) on an empty stomach 30 minutes before meals. You can swallow a few seeds. At the same time, beat the protein from the egg and eat it, washed down with flax decoction. After that, there is nothing to eat for 2 hours. If there is time, it is advisable to lie down on the right side, then turn around and lie down on the left side. It is recommended to repeat this procedure at night, before going to bed.

    · In the morning, drink egg white (preferably from fresh eggs). After that, there’s nothing to eat for 1.5-2 hours.

    · 1 protein of fresh chicken egg, 1 tablespoon of powdered sugar, 1 tablespoon of refined vegetable oil (olive or corn) knock into a single mass. Take 1 tablespoon on an empty stomach. Servings are enough for 4 days.Keep refrigerated. After two servings, it becomes much better.

    · Beetroot juice. Prepare fresh juice from raw beets in a juicer. Allow to stand for 2 hours in open form. Dilute with water in a ratio of 1: 1. Accept by 1 /2 cups of diluted juice every 2 hours.

    · Aloe. Prepare a tincture of agave leaves, honey and vodka in a ratio of 1: 1: 1. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day for several weeks.

    · Yarrow broth. Brew 1 tablespoon in 1 glass of water, take 1 /2 cups warm on an empty stomach for 4-5 weeks.

    · The course of treatment: potato juice7 days, propolis20 days, sea buckthorn oil30 days. Potato juice (freshly prepared). Take 50-100 g twice a day for 1 days. Propolis. Insist 20 g of crushed propolis on 100 ml of 70% alcohol for 5-7 days, periodically shaking, then filter through cheesecloth. Drink 20 drops, adding to water or milk, 3 times a day 1-1.5 hours after eating for 20 days. Sea buckthorn oil. Squeeze the juice from the berries. Dry the skin and bones, grind in a coffee grinder, pour olive oil in a ratio of 1: 1.5 and insist 3 weeks at room temperature, stirring. Take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day for 30 days. To conduct such courses 2 times a year.

    1 teaspoon of rosehip syrup. The course of treatment is 1 month, then a half-month break.

    · Within 2 months, take 1.5 tablespoons of the juice of raw young potatoes 20 minutes before meals 3 times a day. Then take 1-2 1 /3 glasses of fresh cabbage juice (without salt) 20 minutes before meals 3 times a day. In parallel with this, half an hour before taking juices, take 1 tablespoon of a broth of galangal cooked in a water bath (1 tablespoon of crushed roots in 1 cup of boiling water).

    · Mummy. 0.2 g in water should be taken in the morning on an empty stomach, washed down with milk, for 10 days.

    · Ice cream helps some patients to relieve pain, especially, as they say, at work.

    HOW TO REMOVE AN ACCIDENT OF ULCER DISEASE

    Usually people with a stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer feel the onset of an attack in advance. But there are times when the pain seizes suddenly, when you are not ready and there are no necessary medicines at hand. It happened to me until I learned to help myself with what I have at home. In such cases, I usually do this:

    I rub fresh chicken yolk, add about the same amount of cocoa powder, butter and honey. I mix the mixture until smooth and take a tablespoon every three hours, but no later than half an hour or an hour before meals.

    The first attack is quick, but I take this mixture for two weeks. A day you usually need to eat at least five servings. After a two-week break, the course can be repeated. This tool has helped me out several times already, and I am an experienced ulcer, unfortunately. And I found out about him in the hospital when I first got there with my diagnosis. They say that for many this method helps to cope with an attack.

    Peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum (V. Vostokov)

    1. Tips for patients (See section "Gastritis with increased acidity of gastric juice", recipes 1, 2).

    2. Juice of potato tubers. Juice to cook every day. Take 1/2 cup 2 times a day before meals. In order to prevent exacerbation, it is recommended to consume potato juice twice a year (in spring and autumn) for two weeks at a half dose, i.e. 1/4 cup 2 times a day.

    3. The fruits of sea buckthorn in the form of juice, water infusion, alcohol tincture, syrup or sea buckthorn oil should be taken orally.

    4.1 Art. spoon of viburnum berries to insist 2 hours in 1 cup boiling water, strain. Take 2 tbsp. tablespoons 3-4 times a day before meals.

    5. Take 50 g 6 times a day infusion of 20 g of eucalyptus leaves per 1 liter of boiling water.

    6. A decoction of dry leaves of plantain without a special norm.

    7. Tincture of 50 g of birch buds per 1/2 liter of vodka, withstand 10 days. Take 1/2 teaspoon with water 3 times a day 20 minutes before meals.

    8. Grind fresh cabbage and crush in a non-oxidizing bowl, squeeze the juice. Take 1 cup 4 times a day 45 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 40 days.

    9.1 Art.spoon of rose hips pour 2 cups boiling water, boil for 10 minutes in a sealed container, leave for 24 hours, squeeze, strain, sweeten. Take 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day before meals.

    10. Dried grass 10-15 g insist 2-3 hours in 1 cup boiling water, strain. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.

    11.1 Art. infuse a spoonful of tansy flower baskets for 4 hours in 2 cups of cooled boiled water in a closed vessel, strain. Take 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day 20 minutes before meals.

    · For the treatment of stomach ulcers and gastritis, tar is an excellent tool, used according to the following scheme: drip 1 drop of medical pure birch tar in a piece of sugar, then eat sugar with water. The next day, also on an empty stomach, eat a piece of sugar, but with two drops of tar. And so up to 30 drops, adding one per day. After adjusting the tar norm to 30, gradually reduce the norm of its consumption to one. The course of treatment is 2 months. During treatment, follow a diet: do not eat spicy, bitter and very salty, as well as alcohol and cigarettes. If anyone does not have the patience to perform the procedure within two months, tar can be used for 14 days, 20-30 drops per day.

    · Once a day before meals, drink 1 tbsp. l pure medical alcohol and immediately eat a small piece of unsalted fresh lard. The course of treatment is 1 month. This is one of the most effective ways to treat stomach ulcers,

    · In case of gastric ulcer, drink fresh unsalted water from boiled peeled potatoes 0.5 l 3 times a day for 20 minutes. before meals for four weeks

    If you have a stomach and duodenal ulcer, take good quality potatoes from your own garden or from the market, wash them thoroughly with a soft brush in running water, then in boiled water. Rub on a plastic grater 2-3 potatoes with a peel, squeeze the juice through several layers of gauze. Drink half a glass of fresh raw juice 20-30 minutes before eating. And so twice a day for 2 weeks. After a two-week break, you can conduct a second course of treatment. By the end of the second week, you will no longer be bothered by heartburn, pain, nausea and belching, the acidity of the gastric juice is normalized. And after a repeated course in most patients, the ulcer disappears. And only some easily excitable sick and heavy smokers will have to drink potato juice repeatedly for prevention in the autumn and spring periods of the exacerbation of the disease. The healing effect lies in the pantry of biologically active substances, which are concentrated under the peel in the surface layer of raw potatoes. Begin treatment with 1 tablespoon of fresh juice if it is difficult for you to absorb the recommended dose right away.

    · Even a neglected stomach ulcer can be cured with pine resin. It must be sucked in a piece with a match head 3 times a day. You can make water infusions from resin. Sometimes this method can cure stomach cancer.

    · For the treatment of pain in the stomach and stomach ulcers, it is recommended to press for 1-5 minutes. index finger of the right hand on the navel.

    · Grind 40 g of propolis and pour 500 g of olive oil into it. Boil in a water bath. Drink in the form of heat 1 tbsp. l Once a day on an empty stomach.

    · In case of duodenal ulcer, beat fresh egg white with 1 tsp. powdered sugar and 1 tbsp. l vegetable oil. Take this mixture on an empty stomach for 1 tbsp. l within 10 days.

    Duodenal ulcer bleeding. Whip the egg whites with a teaspoon of icing sugar and a tablespoon of olive oil until creamy. Take this mixture on an empty stomach, one tablespoon for ten days.

    POTATO JUICE ENHANCES A STOMACH ULCER (Dr. Popov P.A.)

    In the spring, unfortunately, an exacerbation of gastric ulcer often occurs.

    The drugs are expensive now and it’s useful to recall the tried and true folk remedies for treating this unpleasant disease.

    One of these remedies is potato juice.

    How to get it? Well, it is very simple. You need to grate raw potatoes and squeeze the juice out of it. Only a third of a glass is enough. Take potato juice 15-20 minutes before eating.

    To enhance the effect, one or two drops of novocaine can be added to the juice.Just consult with your doctor first and find out if you are allergic to novocaine.

    You need to take potato juice before meals for 10-15 days, and the pain will completely disappear. To consolidate a positive result, it is better to take juice for 3-4 days after the disappearance of pain. And this simple tool will definitely help you.

    Peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum

    This recipe was given to people by Wang. The well-known prophetess recommended that patients drink tea in the morning on an empty stomach in the morning, brewed on crushed pumpkin seeds.

    ULCERS ARE AFRAID OF CHEESE. ... help cure numerous erosion of the stomach. I want to share my experience. I also had this disease. The doctor prescribed pills, but I felt worse from them. When I was driving from the hospital, I had a conversation with one woman, and she advised me to be treated like this. In 0.5 cups of boiled water I put a piece of copper sulfate the size of a grain of millet, mixed well and drank on an empty stomach. Then she walked for about 15 minutes and ate a tablespoon of sea buckthorn oil. I did this for seven days, then a break for 10 days and repeated the course. I went to be checked in the regional hospital, and they didn’t find any erosion! Now every morning I drink a glass of warm boiled water, a little like, then rub fresh cabbage on a grater, squeeze the juice and take 0.5 cups of it, and then after ten minutes I eat a tablespoon of honey. I follow a diet, do exercises, wipe myself with a cold towel. I’m running lightly jogging, but only around the room, because it’s uncomfortable down the street, because I’m 66 years old - what people will say. And I also heard that with this remedy one woman even cured cirrhosis of the liver.

    TASTY MEDICINE CURES AN ULCER

    ... I know a good remedy for stomach ulcers. You need to take 2 tablespoons of honey and cocoa powder, 6 tablespoons of melted butter and 2 raw chicken eggs. Mix all products thoroughly and take 3 tablespoons four times a day before meals. Improvement usually occurs after 10-12 days. This is provided that you follow a diet and do not drink strong drinks.

    KEFIR WITH OIL FROM ULCER

    ". He was diagnosed with a duodenal ulcer. My son decided to take on his health. But he didn’t recognize any pills, so he had to look for folk remedies. But making a young man brew herbs is also very problematic, so we chose the simplest recipe, some professor invented it, and with it many people could get rid of a stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer.

    The recipe is this: you need to drink a glass of freshest (preferably one-day) kefir with the addition of sunflower oil for three months three times a day on an empty stomach, on a glass of kefir - a tablespoon of oil.

    At first, the son did not believe that such a simple method helps get rid of the ulcer. After all, both kefir and oil are the most common products. But it turned out that together they give a wonderful healing effect. This was confirmed by the results of gastroscopy - some time after the treatment course, the son went to this examination, which showed that his ulcer healed. ”

    So mom cured a stomach ulcer. The recipe is very easy to prepare and very effective. It is necessary to take in equal proportions walnut kernels, honey (preferably May), butter (melted), three-year-old aloe (cut thorns from it). Skip nuts and aloe through a meat grinder. Make enough to get 3 liters. Put in the refrigerator. In the morning on an empty stomach eat one spoon. At the same time, do not drink spicy, salty and alcohol. After a year of treatment, my mother was checked, and the doctors said that there was no trace of the ulcer. Then, for prevention, my mother ate a spoonful of this medicine every morning on an empty stomach. She lived for 70 years.

    Gastric ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer. A vanga recipe can be used for bleeding duodenal ulcers. Beat fresh egg whites with 1 tsp.powdered sugar and 1 tbsp. l olive oil until creamy. Take this mixture on an empty stomach, 1 tbsp. l within 10 days.

    · 20 g of chopped walnuts, pour 100 g of boiling water, insist, stirring, for 30 minutes, strain, add 1-2 tsp. honey. Take 1 dess. l 5-6 times a day. The mixture protects ulcers well.

    · Daily drink at night 1 cup of fresh kefir, mixed with 1 tbsp. l vegetable oil. The mixture reliably tightens ulcers. The course of treatment is 1.5-2 months.

    · In case of exacerbation or with a bleeding ulcer, there is a proven method for treating raw eggs of chicken eggs: daily in the morning, on an empty stomach, 1.5 hours before meals, you need to drink 2 protein. Before going to bed do the same. Continue treatment for a week.

    · Steamed or baked onions taken orally 50-100 g 1-2 times a day 15 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks. After 10 days, repeat the treatment if necessary.

    · A method for treating gastric and duodenal ulcers with flax seeds has been around for centuries. Boil the seeds in water until a liquid jelly is formed and drink 1/2 cup 5-8 times a day, regardless of the meal time. The pain disappears after 2-3 doses. It is advisable to drink kissel for 3-4 days so that attacks of pain do not recur. The treatment will be more effective if 5-7 drops of propolis alcohol tincture are added to 1/2 cup jelly from flax seed (50 g of alcohol and 5 g of propolis should be infused for 14 days in a dark warm place, filtered). Store in a dark place at room temperature.

    · An aloe tincture has an excellent healing property, especially for a newly-developed ulcer or for the prevention and treatment of chronic ulcers. Before cutting aloe leaves, do not water for 2 weeks. The plant should be taken 3-5 years of age. Put the cut leaves in a dark, cool, well-ventilated place. Then, pass 500 g of leaves through a meat grinder, mix with 500 g of honey, heat in a boiling water bath to 50-60 ° C, stirring the contents periodically, then add 500 ml of natural red wine. Insist in a cool dark place for 7 days, periodically shaking the contents.

    · Reception mode: the first week - 1 tsp. 3 times a day an hour before meals, the second week - 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day, the third week - 2 tbsp. l 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 3 weeks.

    Saffron. In medicine of different countries, saffron stigmas are used as a painkiller, anticonvulsant, cardiac and diuretic in diseases of the stomach and intestines.

    Medication is used in the treatment of peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.

    1. Dissolve honey in 1 cup of warm boiled water (30-60 g in the morning and evening, 40-80 g in the afternoon), take 1.5 hours before breakfast and lunch, and 3 hours after dinner. Dissolved honey dilutes the mucus in the stomach, relieves pain, eliminates nausea, heartburn. Apply with peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.

    2. An alcohol solution of propolis and propolis oil are used in cases where the general treatment was ineffective, and surgical - not shown.

    Alcohol solution: 10 g of crushed propolis is poured into 100 ml of rectified alcohol and shaken, put in the cold for 2 hours and filtered through a paper filter.

    It is taken orally by 15-20 drops in water, boiled milk or 0.5% novocaine, 3 times a day 1-1.5 hours before meals, for 18-20 days. If necessary, the course is repeated after 1-2 weeks.

    Propolis oil: 10 g of crushed propolis is mixed with 100 g of unsalted butter preheated in a water bath. Propolis is extracted by heating the mixture in a water bath for 5-10 minutes, after which it is filtered while hot through one layer of gauze, constantly stirring. When extracting propolis, it is not recommended to bring the mixture to a boil.

    Take orally for 1 tsp. in warmed milk 3 times a day 1-1.5 hours before meals. The duration of treatment is the same. The use of propolis oil is contraindicated in liver diseases.

    The dosage must be strictly observed: large doses can cause a decrease in appetite, a decrease in general tone, lethargy, and an increase in white blood cells in the blood.

    Mummy with peptic ulcer of the stomach, gastrointestinal tract, digestive organs should be taken orally, preferably on an empty stomach, 1-2 times a day in the morning and in the evening before going to bed for 25-28 days - 1 course of treatment and repeated - after 10 days (if the disease is advanced ) The required amount of mummy for a single use is 0.2-0.5 g, depending on body weight: up to 70 kg - 0.2 g, up to 80 g - 0.3 g, up to 90 g - 0.3-0.4 g, more than 90 kg - 0.4-0.5 g.

    It is desirable to breed it in milk (1:20), you can add it in water, add honey to taste, or alternate with diluting mumiye with juices (grape, cucumber), decoctions of parsley, blueberries, caraway seeds, and egg yolks.

    During the treatment period, it is necessary to observe a diet and moderation in food. Alcohol is contraindicated.

    Vegetable oil, preferably sunflower or peanut, in the amount of 1 tbsp. l dial into the mouth and concentrate in front of it. Then the oil should be sucked, like a candy or pacifier, for 15-20 minutes. In no case should you swallow the oil! To speed up the treatment, repeat the procedure several times a day.

    As a treatment aid peptic ulcer and even cancer apply raw fresh carrot juice. It is very important that sugar, starch and flour are completely excluded from the diet in any form. Drink from 1 to 2 liters per day for several months. Juice helps improve appetite and digestion.

    Treatment of the stomach can be done with acupressure and acupuncture.

    50 g of birch buds are insisted for 10 days on vodka (500 ml) and 1/2 tsp. diluting the infusion with water, take before meals for 15-20 minutes. When growing above 165 cm, you need to drink a whole spoon (with a stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer).

    Clay absorbs all types of internal poisons, neutralizes and removes all pathogenic microbes, relieves inflammation, attracts painful and purulent matter, absorbs them and cleanses abscesses and ulcerations.

    To recover from many diseases: cancer, tumors, peptic ulcers of the stomach or intestines, etc., on most of the body you need to put 4-5 lotions per day in a row. More often, every hour during the day, drink a few tablespoons of clay water. Follow the strictest vegetarian diet. No cancer can resist this treatment, unless the time is unfortunately lost or when our bodies have been irreparably harmed by other "courses of treatment": radiation, radiation, surgery, etc.

    To prepare a lotion you need to take a linen cotton or woolen rag, you can take any cloth or napkin. Fold it in half, four or more - to the desired thickness, convenient for use. Put a rag on a table or flat surface. Using a hand or wooden spatula, remove the mass and place on a napkin. The clay layer should be wider than the sore spot, two fingers thick, i.e. 2-3 cm. The clay layer should be dense enough: it will have to absorb a lot of harmful substances.

    Now wipe the sore spot with a wet cloth, apply the lotion directly to the sore spot and make sure that it fits snugly. Tie the lotion with a bandage so that it does not move and is constantly in contact with it. Fasten the bandage, cover everything with woolen cloth.

    A clay lotion should be left in a sore spot for 2-3 hours. As soon as the patient feels that the lotion has become dry and hot, it should be replaced with a new one.

    Sometimes a very unpleasant odor comes from clay, which was used as a lotion, which indicates that the disease has passed into it.

    After 2-3 hours, remove the lotion, do not leave pieces of clay in a sore spot. Rinse the affected area immediately with cold or warm water. Do not reuse used clay.

    Types of bleeding with gastric ulcer

    Complications of stomach ulcers are found in many patients. Among them, the most frequent is bleeding. Bleeding occurs:

    • open
    • hidden.

    With hidden blood loss, the symptoms are almost invisible. Classification of the origin of bleeding also comes from such ulcers,

    • sharp
    • chronic
    • symptomatic.

    By location, they are divided into:

    • bleeding from a stomach ulcer:
      • body
      • cardia
      • the gatekeeper’s channel
      • antrum
    • duodenum:
      • downstream area
      • postbulbar
      • bulbous.

    By nature, bleeding with a stomach ulcer happens:

    • ongoing (jet, laminar, capillary, in the form of unstable hemostasis, recurring),
    • held (in the form of stable hemostasis or posthemorrhagic anemia).

    The degrees are as follows:

    Causes

    Often it is not possible to determine the cause of ulcerative bleeding. It does not fit such provoking factors as physical or mental stress, mental trauma, violation of the integrity of the insides of the abdominal cavity or others.

    Gastric bleeding is often associated with the occurrence of a necrotic process in exacerbation of the disease, as a result of which the integrity of the vessel is impaired.

    Atherosclerosis is sometimes the main cause of complications. Vitamin bleeding, thrombosis, or other diseases of the vascular network contribute to gastric bleeding. The process can be triggered by a past infectious disease or a violation of the diet. Alcohol and smoking can affect the chance of blood loss.

    The clinical picture and symptoms of the disease

    A vivid and first symptom of bleeding in the stomach is vomiting with impurities of blood. Because of this, the vomit is scarlet or dark brown in color (like coffee grounds). Such a reaction appears almost immediately. Scarlet blood in the vomit is a sign that the stomach is bleeding heavily.

    Another sign of such a complication of ulcers is melena. When mellen, the chair looks like a thick tar. This is a symptom of a duodenal bleeding ulcer. Typically, such feces means that the bleeding is large in volume of blood loss. In this case, the stool is liquid, black, shiny and sticky. Melena can be, as an early symptom, and appear after a couple of days.

    A similar stool can be observed after eating blueberries, blackberries, and medications to raise the level of hemoglobin in the blood, but its consistency is different. Such a chair is called pseudomelena. With severe bleeding, the stool may contain impurities of red blood.

    A symptom of a complication is inhibition of pain. In general, the symptomatology depends on how severe the blood loss is. If the complication is mild, the patient practically does not feel discomfort. Symptoms

    • the skin becomes pale
    • the pressure is reduced
    • limbs get cold
    • the volume of excreted bile is reduced,
    • the pulse is accelerating.

    With moderate blood loss:

    • the skin turns pale more
    • cyanosis of the nasolabial triangle appears,
    • tachycardia,
    • oliguria
    • the pulse is accelerating
    • the pressure drops.

    The following symptoms may indicate severe blood loss:

    • liquid runny stool,
    • chills,
    • nausea and gagging
    • loss of consciousness,
    • shortness of breath
    • dizziness,
    • the pulse becomes threadlike
    • vascular spasm
    • sweat cold and clammy on the forehead,
    • systolic pressure cannot be felt
    • oligoanuria.

    With single bleeding associated with ulcers, deaths are rare. Danger of the resumption of complications over 1.5 weeks.

    How to stop and cure gastric ulcer?

    Stop gastric bleeding, especially if it opened quickly, it is necessary in a short time. This is the main condition for preserving the life and health of the patient. A patient who has an open ulcer bleeds needs to call an ambulance, lie on his back and not move. If possible, in the conditions in which the person is, it is recommended to apply ice or other cold on the stomach.

    If a bleeding ulcer has opened, it is forbidden to use anything inside, even drink water. You just need to lie still. Ambulance doctors provide transportation on a stretcher.

    First aid is that you need to do everything to stop the ulcer that has opened.

    Endoscopic homostasis is performed. It is carried out by physical or medical methods. An ulcer can be cauterized by thermal, laser or electrical methods. Bleeding is stopped by coagulants, hemostatics, vasoconstrictor drugs, oily, physiological or sclerosing solution.

    Stopping bleeding with surgery is carried out only if other methods failed. If you do not immediately seek treatment, or if the doctors did not see the severity of the violation, the complications associated with bleeding may be irreversible.

    Sometimes bleeding associated with the stomach stops on its own. But in such a situation, medical consultation is no less important, since without treatment, the next exacerbation will come soon. To stop the blood, you need hospitalization. The patient is shown bed rest and the use of food and liquid is prohibited. First, for hemostatics, injections of a solution of chloride, "Vikasol" are made, the patient is given a dropper with epsilon-aminocaproic acid.

    If the blood loss is very strong, the patient is given a blood transfusion. When the red blood cell count stabilizes, the patient is carefully monitored. In this case, an additional diagnosis of etymology is needed. A method for treating gastric bleeding depends on where exactly it occurs.

    In addition to traditional and operational methods, for the treatment of the disease, you need to adhere to a special diet. Forbidden absolutely everything for about 3 days. In case of severe thirst, they are allowed to drink 2 teaspoons of water or dissolve a small ice floe.

    After this, the patient is injected with liquid food. The diet consists in the use of eggs, jelly, milk, juices, jelly, cream, etc. Today, it is becoming more common that hunger with ulcers is dangerous, since the body is limited in useful substances that can help with the disease. The patient is allowed any puree food. Allowed meals:

    • liquid mashed porridge
    • soufflé from cottage cheese or meat,
    • mashed vegetables
    • meatballs
    • compotes and decoction of wild rose and others.

    Alcohol, spicy, smoked, salty dishes are strictly prohibited.

    Possible complications and consequences

    The most common and dangerous complication associated with bleeding is perforation in the abdomen. Such consequences most often occur against the background of stress, infectious diseases, the use of alcoholic beverages, intense physical exertion, dietary disorders, etc.

    If this happens, then you need to immediately do the operation. Every minute increases the risk of fibro-purulent peritonitis. Mortality with a perforated ulcer occurs in 4 out of 100 cases.

    A dangerous consequence is the penetration of ulcers due to destructive changes in the wall of the stomach. As a result of penetration, an adhesion process develops and the production of inflamed infiltrate occurs. From this, fistulas appear, due to which severe cholangitis develops.

    Bleeding prophylaxis

    To prevent such a dangerous consequence with peptic ulcer, first of all, you need to undergo the therapy prescribed for the ulcer and adhere to a sparing diet.

    In addition, it is necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle, avoid stress and intense physical exertion.

    It is important to stop drinking alcohol and smoking. The patient is prescribed special drugs that need to be used for preventive purposes.

    Possible complications of a stomach ulcer

    • fever
    • nausea, vomiting,
    • chills,
    • sudden acute pain syndrome
    • muscle tension in the abdominal cavity,
    • gases
    • pallor of the skin,
    • bradycardia.

    The patient worsens after 7 hours. With complications of perforated ulcers and lack of medical care, peritonitis develops. The pulse changes to rapid, there is a fever, constipation, although at first complications of the disease, stools may be normal. However, after 8-10 hours, stool and urination become difficult and a slow accumulation of gas begins. Most often, to normalize the patient's condition, laparoscopy is indicated as a diagnostic method. But if the examination is doubtful by specialists, then biomass is taken and air is pumped into the stomach with a probe.

    Penetration is a severe form of gastric ulcer complication in which the disease spreads to nearby organs. At the same time, the pain syndrome does not allow to accurately determine the source of increased discomfort.

    • change in biological processes,
    • high body temperature,
    • the spread of pain in the back, chest, shoulders, lower back,
    • relief vomiting.

    It is noted that during fasting, pain decreases, but does not respond to medical treatment. In this regard, surgery is performed, otherwise the patient is at risk of death. Penetrated ulcer does not heal even with prolonged therapy. The operation is carried out in the form of removing part of the stomach along with the disease.

    With a peptic ulcer without complications, surgical healing of wounds is observed, pain syndrome is reduced, the patient's general well-being returns to normal.

    Drug treatment includes:

    • taking antibiotics directed action,
    • drugs that restore the tissues of the stomach,
    • drugs that reduce the production of hydrochloric acid.

    With the development of complications of ulcer, as a rule, surgery is performed due to the high risk of death. Taking medications and general therapy do not help, but only delay and worsen the patient's condition.

    For the treatment of gastritis and ulcers, our readers successfully use Monastic Tea. Seeing the popularity of this product, we decided to offer it to your attention.
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    There are conservative methods of treatment. However, they are used to maintain the patient in good condition, which reduces the risk of complications.

    • Exclusion of meat, fish, canned and gas-containing products, caffeine, strong infusion tea.
    • Dietary nutrition - include light broths, cereals, vegetables, fruits, and more in the diet.
    • Eating in small portions 4-5 times a day.
    • Avoid increased physical exertion.
    • A complete rejection of the use of alcohol-containing drinks, tobacco.

    Most often, the inclusion of a product in the diet occurs in agreement with the doctor.

    How to prevent the disease?

    Prevention of YABZH can have a beneficial effect on the body. With the right regimen of the day, diet and moderate physical exertion, the risk of a disease is almost nil.

    To do this, adhere to the recommendations:

    1. full sleep up to 8 hours,

    2. refusal to eat high fat and smoked foods,

    3. reception of food in small portions with thorough chewing,

    4. give preference to steamed food,

    5. do not use nicotine and alcohol,

    6. avoiding a stressful lifestyle and irritability,

    7. if you experience pain or malaise, consult a doctor,

    8. maintain oral health,

    9. annual examination for chronic diseases,

    10. to charge

    11. consume still water, at least 6 glasses per day,

    12. stabilization of the day.

    To prevent relapse of an ulcer, a complex of measures is prescribed aimed at reducing pain and the risk of a recurrence of an exacerbation of the disease.

    • Physiotherapy, herbal medicine, medication and the use of mineral still water.
    • In autumn and spring, it is recommended to relax in special sanatoriums.
    • Strictly follow a diet.
    • Regular examinations both in laboratories and with the help of medical instruments.

    Preventive methods can significantly reduce the risk of peptic ulcer. Timely measures prevent the occurrence of the disease, and in the case of its diagnosis reduce the risk of complications. Treatment of UBI leads to positive results if you follow the advice of doctors and take care of your health.

    Causes and treatment of colon rupture

    A colon rupture is a fissure in the anus. Such injury may occur in open or closed form. Symptoms of damage to the colon progress rapidly. Therefore, at the first signs of a manifestation of pathology, you should consult a specialist, otherwise the spread of the inflammatory process can lead to serious consequences.

    Factors that provoke a rupture of the colon include:

    • chronic constipation
    • colon diseases
    • frequent use of laxatives,
    • mechanical injuries
    • a sharp increase in pressure inside the intestines.

    The cause of a closed form of injury can be a car accident or a fall from a height. In this case, there may be several gaps. Pelvic fractures can lead to rupture of the colon. With strong compression, the colon can rupture completely in the transverse direction. In rare cases, the large intestine can come off at all. The reasons for this phenomenon: a strong direct blow or oblique compression of the abdomen.

    An open injury to the large intestine can be caused by a wound in the stomach or some medical manipulations. The integrity of the colon may be compromised during surgery with a sharp object.

    The anal area can be damaged by blunt objects, for example, falling onto a pen, umbrella or squeegee. Such injuries lead to rupture of the sphincter and anal fissures. The integrity of the colon can be disrupted by a foreign body located in the feces.

    Rupture of the colon can occur spontaneously when lifting a heavy object or with high pressure inside the peritoneum, for example, during urination, childbirth or a blow to the abdomen.

    Mechanical damage to the large intestine may include anal sex, bowel lavage, or careless use of technical equipment. A enema based on a chemical solution can provoke a crack or rupture of the intestine.

    How is it manifested?

    1. The first signs of a manifestation of a disease of the large intestine are expressed by pain. The patient feels a sharp and burning pain in the perineum and anal passage. In some cases, pain can be felt in the intestine. An intestinal rupture may be accompanied by spotting.
    2. During a bowel movement, pain sensations worsen and do not go away for several hours. Depending on the degree of damage, the pain can intensify and be completely unbearable. With severe intestinal injuries, spotting can be abundant. In such cases, the patient experiences pain shock and may lose consciousness.
    3. Symptoms of damage worsen with severe injuries, and with minor injuries, the patient can only feel the spasm of the sphincter of the anus. In addition to the above signs of the manifestation of the disease, the patient has nervousness and irritability.
    4. If the primary cause of the breakup is chronic constipation, then nausea, dizziness and weakness can be added to the symptoms.
    5. Sometimes abundant moisture appears on the skin around the anus and the patient may complain of itching and burning in this place.
    6. With a severe rupture of the large intestine, the abdominal cavity is filled with air, and the stomach becomes swollen and hard. The patient develops shortness of breath and rapid pulse.In this case, feces penetrate from the large intestine into the abdominal cavity.
    7. With severe injuries of the intestine, intestinal loops may fall outside the anal ring, which is accompanied by high temperature.

    Ailment in children

    Oddly enough, but the disease of the colon in children is more common than in adults. Such serious injuries can even be experienced by children under 3 years old. This is due to the fact that the organs of the digestive system have not yet formed, therefore, children have problems with stool disturbance. With constant constipation, the mucosa of the colon is damaged by feces.

    Frequent diarrhea in childhood is as dangerous as constipation. They irritate the walls of the colon, and provoke the appearance of edema. Any changes in the gastrointestinal tract in the body of the child can lead to the formation of cracks. As a rule, cracks heal quickly, nevertheless they give the baby an unpleasant sensation.

    Sometimes, diseases of the colon can provoke parasites that are in the intestines of the baby. The most common cause of injury to the colon is the presence of worms.

    Signs of bowel damage in children are similar to those of adults. The process of defecation for the child becomes unpleasant and in most cases is accompanied by pain in the anus. Bloody discharge may appear in the feces. With severe pain, the process of defecation may become impossible. In this case, feces accumulate and condense in the intestine. Helping a child in this situation is quite difficult. Therefore, when the first symptoms of a disease of the colon appear, you should seek the help of a doctor.

    Rehabilitation period

    Treatment of damage to the colon will be effective if you follow a special diet after surgery. Proper diet promotes a quick healing process. The doctor recommends that after the operation the first 2 days, drink only liquid so that the sutures on the intestines can be tightened. During the rehabilitation period, the diet can be divided into 3 stages:

    1. The first 3-5 days after surgery, it is advisable to eat in small portions 7-8 times a day. One serving should not exceed 200 g. Food should not be solid. During this period, it is allowed to drink tea, jelly and juice. Too hot tea is not recommended.
    2. At the next stage, food intake can be divided by 6 times and a portion can be slightly increased - up to 400 g. In addition to liquids, you can eat grated cereals, minced fish, chicken broth, milk, butter can be included in the diet.
    3. The final stage lasts about 2 weeks. You can eat 4-5 times a day. The range of dishes can be increased. Steamed dishes, low-fat soups, boiled meat or fish, baked apples are allowed.

    During the rehabilitation period, it is very important that the chair is regular and soft. This can help folk recipes. You can prepare laxative decoctions based on buckthorn bark or rhubarb root.

    With minor anal fissures, you can treat with the help of homemade candles. Quickly remove inflammation and heal wounds wax candles. Dissolve 100-120 g of wax in a water bath and add crushed plantain, chamomile and motherwort. Mix the resulting mixture thoroughly and form in the form of candles. Keeping such candles is best in the refrigerator.

    Aloe juice has an excellent healing effect. 1 tbsp. l mix aloe with fish oil and egg. Dampen a cotton swab and attach to the anus.

    For preventive purposes, children and adults can drink oatmeal jelly. It eliminates constipation, normalizes intestinal flora and increases intestinal tone. To prepare it, pour oat flakes into a container and pour boiled water and kefir. Place the container in a warm place for 2 days. Then drain the liquid and add cold water to the thick precipitate.Cook the jelly until it thickens.

    Strengthen the muscle layer, relieve spasms and pain, accelerate the healing process by infusion of medicinal smoky. This will require 2 tbsp. l dry herbs pour 500 ml of boiling water and leave to infuse overnight. Take an infusion before eating.

    How to cure a stomach ulcer?

    Doctors
    in the catalog

    Stomach ulcer has become a common diagnosis of our time, the reason is the rhythm of life and malnutrition. If you do not identify the disease on time, do not avoid irreversible complications.

    The chronic form is very difficult to cure, so it is necessary to pay attention to the main alarming symptoms.

    What is a stomach ulcer?

    A stomach ulcer is damage to the gastric mucosa. The defect is called e “ulcer”. It occurs in the area of ​​the upper third of the stomach, penetrating deep into its wall. This is the most common gastrointestinal disease.

    If the wall of the stomach bursts, its contents will enter the abdominal cavity, this will cause inflammation. An ulcer can provoke a rupture of blood vessels, then bleeding is inevitable. The situation will require urgent medical attention.

    A neglected disease becomes chronic with relapses in the autumn and spring. There are two types of ulcers:

    • single
    • multiple (three or more), affect the deeper layers of the mucosa and leave healing scars.

    the cause of gastric ulcer is an imbalance due to a violation of the protective mechanisms from aggressive factors. It turns out that gastric mucus does not cope with enzymes and hydrochloric acid.

    History of the disease

    For the first time the disease was mentioned by Avicena in his treatise "Canon of Medicine". He wrote that an ulcer corrodes the walls of the stomach, causes bleeding, and leads to death.

    Ancient healers believed that the reasons lay in a nervous state and irritability. In those days, the affected stomach was treated with herbs and diet.

    A stomach ulcer was recognized as a serious diagnosis thanks to a fundamental study by German professor Friedrich Uden. He described the disease, conducting experiments on domestic animals. In 1825, a French doctor, Jean Crewellier, proposed that an ulcer be identified as an independent disease and gave him a description that doctors still use.

    In the 80s of the last century, a sensational discovery was madewhich was later awarded the Nobel Prize. Doctors Bottcher and Lettulle found bacteria at the bottom of a stomach ulcer. So the theory of the infectious origin of the disease was born. Later, microorganisms were called Helicobacter Pylori (HP), they were obtained by biopsy of a piece of the patient’s gastric wall.

    Based on the new theory, a lot of research has been done. Until now, doctors around the world are discussing the relationship of HP with many diseases - ulcers, cancer, diabetes, autoimmune syndrome, etc. Two out of three carriers of harmful bacteria.

    Disease statistics and significance

    Statistics indicate that 14% of the world's population suffers from a stomach ulcer. In Russia, this indicator is slightly less - 10% (1% falls on children).

    Most often, the disease affects men aged 20 to 40 years., they account for 70% of diagnosed cases. In the last decade, there has been a tendency to increase incidence rates among women.

    A relationship has been established between the frequency of the disease and the following factors - gender, age, profession, place of residence. Even in the regions of one state, the statistics will be different due to the characteristics of nutrition.

    Risk factors

    Among the patients leading men of young and middle age with the first blood group. Women are more likely to develop ulcers during menopause due to a decrease in hormones in the body. At risk are also:

    • heavy smokers
    • representatives of certain professions (workers in transport, the chemical industry, shoemakers),
    • shift workers.

    Mortality is 5% and is associated with complications of the disease - perforation, bleeding.

    Causes of the disease

    Scientists are inclined to believe that an ulcer occurs as a result of an imbalance between the protective factors of the mucosa and the aggressive ones. Negative effects include:

    • mucosal infection with HP bacteria that destroy mucosal cells (they account for 90% of cases)
    • ingestion of intestinal contents into the stomach with bile components (duodenogastric reflux),
    • high content of hydrochloric acid and pepsin due to the abundance of gastric juice.

    Other factors can provoke a relapse of the disease:

    • malnutrition
    • bad ecology,
    • stress and mental stress,
    • high secretory activity,
    • heredity (40% of cases),
    • alcoholism,
    • smoking,
    • taking certain medications (diclofenac, aspirin, ibuprofen),
    • complication of chronic diseases (tuberculosis, cirrhosis, lung cancer, diabetes, etc.).

    Microorganisms HP are transmitted from the carrier in the following ways:

    • from the mother during pregnancy,
    • through saliva (kiss)
    • through contaminated food and water,
    • through dirty dishes
    • through poorly crafted medical instruments.

    Not all infected people develop an ulcer. In some cases, a protective mechanism is triggered, the negative impact of microorganisms is neutralized by its own immunity and enzymes (bicarbonates, mucoproteins, prostaglandins).

    Symptoms and Diagnosis

    A stomach ulcer has pronounced signs by which a doctor can easily diagnose it. The patient is tormented by unpleasant symptoms:

    • emotional disorders (insomnia, anxiety, fatigue, oils about suicide, aggressiveness, depression),
    • stomach pains at night,
    • increased appetite
    • thinness (due to fear of eating something),
    • constant or periodically painful attacks in the sternum during eating (pain begins half an hour after a meal or on an empty stomach),
    • pain in the back, ribs, near the navel (periodically),
    • nausea with profuse vomiting (at the peak of digestion),
    • constipation
    • heartburn,
    • heaviness in the stomach (after eating and on an empty stomach),
    • unpleasant amber from the mouth.

    Most often, the disease develops in stages, but sometimes the asymptomatic course of the disease also occurs.. In the latter case, scars become a surprise during endoscopic examination.

    Medicines

    Modern pharmaceuticals offers a number of effective antiulcer drugs, which are the basis of adequate therapy. These include drugs of the following groups:

    • psychotropic (seduxen, elenium),
    • mucosal repair agents (solcoseryl, acetamin, etaden),
    • gastrocytoprotectors to increase mucosal resistance (sucralfate, smecta, vikair),
    • HP blockers (tetracycline, metronidazole, levofloxacin),
    • secretolytics to reduce the production of hydrochloric acid (metacin, famotidine, omeprazole),
    • antacids for the relief of muscle spasms (protaba, gastal, gaviscon).

    A key role is played by eradication therapy, coupled with secretolitics. The remaining medicines are supplements to the course of treatment, which lasts from 2 to 8 weeks, depending on the nature of the ulcers.

    Surgical intervention

    Surgery for patients with peptic ulcer disease is required if treatment does not give the desired result in case of complications.

    If bleeding occurs, the surgeon flushes the damaged vessel or makes a resection of the gastric area with a defect. In the case of perforation, several methods are acceptable - vagotomy, suturing, resection. With stenosis, a gastroyunoanastomosis is applied to the patient’s stomach.

    Patients with gastric ulcers are recommended to follow strict nutritional rules:

    • rest of the mucous membrane after a meal,
    • give preference to small portions,
    • exclude products that provoke the release of gastric juice,
    • eat out every three hours (this will allow food to be digested faster and easier),
    • the maximum daily dose of salt is 10 g,
    • Do not eat too hot and cold dishes,
    • choose dishes that are soft and tender in consistency.

    Prohibited:

    • some vegetables (cabbage, tomatoes, legumes, radish),
    • fruits (citrus fruits, dates),
    • berries (gooseberries, cranberries),
    • spices
    • drinks (alcohol, coffee, cocoa, chocolate),
    • hot sauces
    • fried and spicy foods
    • canned food
    • meat broth
    • wholemeal bread.

    Phytotherapy

    Drug treatment is combined with traditional medicine recipes. Herbal preparations will help relieve the following symptoms:

    • normalize the stool
    • stimulate the healing of ulcers,
    • nourish and protect the mucous membrane from aggressive factors,
    • relieve pain
    • reduce inflammation.

    Separate herbs are suitable for these purposes:

    mint, St. John's wort, calendula, chamomile, yarrow, dill, oregano, licorice, flaxseed, elecampane, chicory, burdock root, rhubarb, joster.

    From the above herbs, infusions, decoctions, applications and medicinal baths are prepared. Herbal medicine is prohibited if the patient has bleeding, fever, cancer.

    Causes and consequences of rupture of the esophagus, spontaneous rupture

    Esophageal rupture is a complex pathology, often ending in death. The term refers to any damage to the integrity of the esophageal wall caused by various reasons. It can be located on the inner mucosa, and can affect all layers. The disease is not common, so in some cases it is difficult to diagnose it.

    Classification

    Any gap in the esophagus can be attributed to one of the following groups:

    1. External gap (open). So called damage to the external wall of the esophagus, localized on the connective tissue covering the organ.
    2. Internal rupture (closed) Localized on the mucosa inside the esophagus.
    3. Full. All layers of the esophagus are damaged.
    4. Incomplete. Damage is not end-to-end.

    There is another classification that takes as a basis pathological causes:

    Healthy esophagus and esophagus with gaps

    Iatrogenic rupture of the esophagus. This is a pathology that has arisen as a result of medical manipulations - bougienage, tracheal intubation, gastric tube, cardiodilation, etc. It accounts for 75.5%. More often iatrogenic factors cause mucosal disorders.

  • The gap provoked by a foreign body - occurs in 7%.
  • Traumatic rupture. It occurs with wounds and injuries of the chest area, the incidence is -5% of all breaks.
  • Spontaneous rupture of the esophagus, which takes a little more than 12%. The most insidious type of pathology. The reasons may be different. Most often, spontaneous rupture of the esophagus occurs with indomitable vomiting. As a result of constant tension, the pressure in the stomach rises significantly, which provokes a rupture. Other causes of spontaneous rupture include childbirth, excessive overeating, and bowel movements. Spontaneous rupture is the most dangerous and difficult to diagnose. Its consequences are rarely successful due to diagnostic difficulties.
  • Characteristic symptoms

    cyanosis as a symptom of rupture of the esophagus

    Symptoms of rupture of the esophagus are always bright, but can be identical with other ailments. The patient suddenly has severe pain in the epigastrium with irradiation in the lower back or region above the shoulder.

    Further symptoms increase: it becomes not only difficult for a person to breathe, but also unbearably painful, especially when coughing, inhaling. The pulse quickens, a profuse cold sweat appears.

    Hands, feet, face turn blue - cyanosis develops.

    Supplements the symptoms of the so-called. subcutaneous emphysema. When the esophagus ruptures, air accumulates in the subcutaneous adipose tissue of the neck, when palpating, the doctor clearly hears a crepitating sound, reminiscent of the rustling of a sheet of paper when creased.

    Increased salivation, vomiting with blood from the stomach are always observed with complete breaks, with incomplete - these signs may be absent.

    Symptoms of spontaneous rupture have their own characteristics. Localization of this pathology is the lower esophagus located near the stomach. Usually occurs on the left side, as a result of which food can enter the pleural cavity. In this case, empyema (purulent inflammation) of the pleura quickly develops, which provokes severe intoxication and shock.

    If a spontaneous rupture is located not near the stomach, but near the neck, an esophageal phlegmon is formed.

    Rupture of the thoracic esophagus threatens inflammation of the mediastinum - mediastinitis, with ruptures near the stomach, peritonitis may develop.

    Fast and accurate diagnosis of pathology is very important. Perforation or complete violation of the integrity of the tissues of the esophagus are emergency conditions, treatment should begin immediately.

    Mallory Syndrome - Weiss

    There is another similar pathology - a crack in the esophagus or stomach. A syndrome is named after the scientists who first described it. Fissures are located on the mucosa, can be single or multiple. They have their own classification depending on the depth and size of the distribution.

    A distinctive feature of cracks is the frequent damage to the mucosa, the connective tissue layer in Mallory-Weiss syndrome is not injured. Like spontaneous ruptures, cracks in the stomach and esophagus have a favorite category of patients - men who have crossed the 50-year mark and are abusing alcohol.

    Treatment: is it possible without surgery?

    At break operation is shown

    In rare situations, pathology can be treated conservatively.

    Indications for him are damage to the mucosa of not more than 1.5 cm in size, and the presence of concomitant pathologies in the patient, associated with a risk of surgery.

    The main treatment in these cases is active antibiotic therapy, the complete exclusion of enteral (by mouth) nutrition and drinking. Antibiotics are administered intravenously several times a day.

    But the main tactic is still surgical treatment. The patient will have a complex operation that has the following goals:

    • quick defect closure,
    • drainage of purulent foci, if any.

    If the patient is taken to a hospital with late symptoms, surgery will be preceded by an infusion treatment aimed at eliminating the volemia.

    The disease that we have described often ends in death. Statistics show that with hospitalization on the second day after the risk of death is 50%.

    Therefore, from childhood, teach your children to eat slowly, carefully, because often the esophagus is torn as a result of ingestion of foreign bodies or ingestion of a large piece of food.

    Talking over food is a habit not only impolite, but also dangerous. Remember that.

    Causes and symptoms of rupture of the stomach

    Rare stomach problems are considered to be damage to the stomach. Statistics show that only 0.9-5.1% of all peritoneal injuries occur in the stomach.

    But the problem is often combined with damage to the pancreas, spleen, liver, colon, 12 duodenal process. The main localization of the wounds is the front of the organ, cardia, antrum, large / small curvature.

    Possible through wounds - the rarity of perforated destruction due to the protection of the body by the ribs.

    Types of damage

    The severity and magnitude of the injuries inflicted on the stomach varies from case to case, and depends on the orientation, the force of exposure to the traumatic element, and the fullness of the stomach (the full organ is damaged more). Depending on the nature of the injury, there are:

    • bruises and hematomas localized intraparietally,
    • wall tears (usually the front wall),
    • complete organ rupture,
    • crushing (often of the back side),
    • complete separation of the organ from the digestive tract (rarely observed and is caused by a fall from a height and with a full stomach),
    • detachments of the pylorus, cardia or duodenum.

    With a complete and partial rupture of the stomach, the serous and / or muscle layer is damaged, and the mucous membrane is preserved. Partial ruptures and inter-serous hematomas often provoke secondary necrosis (tissue death) with the development of perforations and complete destruction.

    Large-scale gaps often entail trauma to the front side along the lesser curvature and the pyloric zone, less often there are tears of the cardia and the back side. Severe tears are accompanied by bleeding and protrusion of the mucous membrane. In both cases, it is possible to detect tears and hematomas of the ligamentous apparatus.

    A bruise of the stomach is accompanied by subserous or submucosal hemorrhage, rupture of the mucosa.

    The manifestation of the problem depends on the type of destruction of the stomach and the time elapsed since the moment of injury. Since the main symptom is shock, the clinic is lubricated. Sharp bouts of abdominal pain, muscle tension (“disk-shaped abdomen”) may appear much later.

    When listening and tapping the abdomen, the sound is defined as short and dull due to the accumulation of free fluid in the peritoneum.

    A loud but booming sound is heard in the liver area, which is explained by the presence of gases that have penetrated into the abdominal cavity from an injured digestive organ.

    The manifestation of the problem depends on the type of stomach injury and time.

    The nature of the development of the state varies depending on the period of the course:

    1. Shock. It occurs immediately after a bruise and varies in intensity, since it depends on the sensitivity threshold of an individual organism.
    2. Imaginary well-being. The stage is characterized by mild abdominal pain and discomfort; irritation of the anterior abdominal wall is possible. Symptoms tend to worsen after eating, possibly causing vomiting with blood.
    3. Strengthening the symptoms. The stage is manifested by severe symptoms of the development of stenosis of the stomach with severe scarring and ulceration of the mucosa. Possible perforation at the site of injury. Subsequently, there is a fusion of the stomach with the nearest organs after the resorption of serous hematomas.

    The clinical picture of ruptures of the serous layer, hematomas and tear of the ligamentous apparatus is manifested by symptoms of bleeding. Bruises with tears of the gastric walls are first manifested by a shock state, and the picture of the acute abdomen is detected as inflammation develops.

    When the walls break completely, an intense, dagger pain syndrome appears. The crushing of the posterior layer is characterized by burning pain, sharp bouts of discomfort in the abdomen, extending to the lower back.

    When combined with injuries of other organs, the symptoms of a stomach injury recede into the background, which greatly complicates the diagnosis of the problem.

    Diagnostic procedures

    In the bulk of cases of closed-type digestive organ trauma, they are detected directly during the operation. Correctly diagnose and determine the severity of the defect obtained will help:

    • laparoscopy,
    • laparocentesis
    • modification of abdominal puncture using the method of "rummaging" catheter to determine blood clots,
    • fluoroscopy with contrast, used after passing an acute period and relieving pain symptoms.

    How to be treated?

    Since the tissues of the walls of the stomach are durable and strong, usually use the classic method of suturing. If a tendency to necrosis is detected (usually with a crush), suspicious areas are excised.

    Treatment depends on the nature, type of damage and complications after injury. With tears, cliffs, crush operations is indicated. Bruises and tears are treated conservatively using the expectant technique.

    At the same time, complete rest, fasting for the first 2 days, a strict diet of 1.5 weeks, ice on the stomach and antibiotic treatment are provided.

    With the development of complications with signs of perforation, bleeding into the peritoneum, an operation is indicated, which can result in an excision of the stomach.

    Before surgery, the patient is trained.

    Cardiac medications are prescribed, anti-shock solutions or fresh plasma are injected if anemic signs or a state of severe shock are diagnosed.

    It is important to completely empty the stomach, but washing is prohibited due to the high risk of rupture of the torn part, infection of the peritoneal flushing fluids through the existing perforated hole.

    During the operation, the entire stomach and the nearest organs are carefully examined. Identified tears are sutured with a two-row suture with refreshment of the edges of torn tissues. With a large-scale crush, a resection is performed. If the duodenum is severely damaged, a gastroenteroanastomosis (surgery to connect the stomach to the small intestine) is done, which accelerates the healing of the sutured wound and smoothes the scars.

    Possible forecasts and consequences

    If the shape of the walls is not violated, mortality does not exceed 3%. Perforation increases this indicator to 40%, which is caused by the development of inflammation in the peritoneum. Fatal end 85% of cases of complete separation of the organ. In case of damage to the gastric wall, the speed of providing qualified medical care is important.

    The more time is drawn, the less chance of a favorable outcome. Therefore, the survival rate is maximum when assisting in the first 2-3 hours. The most serious consequences for any stomach injury develop in a patient after 6 hours from the moment of receiving a blunt injury.

    For the most part, mortality is associated with uninsulated stomach injury.

    Large-scale organ injuries are always combined with craniocerebral, pelvic injuries, bruises of the spine and sternum. This situation significantly aggravates the symptoms, worsens the course and prognosis.

    The most favorable outcome is characterized by bruises, hematomas, incomplete ruptures of the gastric walls. In this case, there is a quick recovery of disability, there are no complaints.

    The general statistics on mortality in case of abdominal bruises, taking into account possible injuries, is 41–46%.

    What the ulcer burst from - the most common reasons

    • Untimely diagnosis and inadequate treatment,
    • Autumn-spring period,
    • Traumatic stressful situation,
    • Exacerbation of the disease with the inflammatory process,
    • Stuffing the stomach with food
    • High acidity
    • The error in medical nutrition, the use of alcohol and hot spices, hot and cold foods, smoking,
    • Large or sudden physical exertion.

    Interesting materials on this topic!

    Usually, the doctor prescribes these pills in the event that a chronic ulcer has worsened.

    Exacerbated gastritis, regardless of its form, usually has common symptoms. The main ones include acute pain from the area of ​​plexus of the rib arches (epigastric region), either.

    The biogenic drug Solcoseryl with gastric ulcer has proven clinical value in treatment.

    5 surefire ways to die from a stomach ulcer

    Hundreds of thousands of people become victims of peptic ulcer every year. This disease is ubiquitous and occurs more often the higher the level of economic development of the region. What are the risks associated with it? What are the risks of people suffering from a stomach ulcer?

    In this article, discussing the problem of fatal ulcer complications, we give peculiar advice on the contrary, of course, to make the risk of peptic ulcer risk more clear, and not as practical recommendations.

    So, 5 surefire ways to die from an ulcer.

    Method number 1. To die from bleeding

    Peptic ulcer (or just an ulcer) of the stomach and duodenum is one of the most common causes of internal bleeding in the digestive system.

    An ulcer itself is a constantly deepening wound in the wall of the stomach or intestines, so when the ulcer grows, it is quite possible that it will reach the vessel that feeds the tissues of the stomach and “corrodes” its walls.

    I must say that the blood supply to the stomach is intense, and the vasculature of this organ is very rich, therefore, in the absence of treatment, peptic ulcer is often complicated by internal bleeding.

    Most often, bleeding from an ulcer occurs suddenly, for no apparent reason.

    However, if someone wants to accelerate the onset of this event, then with a diagnosis of stomach ulcer, he needs to get up in the morning and not have breakfast, smoke a few cigarettes and drink strong coffee, go to work where you need to be nervous a few times. We assure you, the result will not be long in coming!

    Symptoms of internal bleeding are as follows: a sudden onset of a feeling of weakness, dizziness, cold sweat, drowsiness, a feeling of fear, increased heart rate. When enough blood accumulates in the stomach, the patient may vomit. Due to the interaction with hydrochloric acid, the blood changes color from bright red to dark brown ("vomiting of coffee grounds").

    In some cases, bleeding develops slowly and painfully, without knowing it, manages to swallow and digest a fair amount of its own blood. In this case, he will have to notice that his stool has turned black as tow - this is another sign of bleeding in the stomach or intestines.

    The most dangerous are the so-called profuse bleeding (from large vessels), in which the patient may lose several liters of blood in 15-20 minutes. Such bleeding is the surest and fastest way to achieve the “goal” (see the article title)!

    Emergency doctors are involved in the treatment of bleeding from a stomach ulcer. Modern methods of treatment using endoscopic techniques can drastically reduce the number of operations for bleeding due to peptic ulcer, however, bleeding that occurs once can occur at any time, so patients who “miss their chance” always have the opportunity to “catch up”.

    Method number 2. To die from perforation of an ulcer

    Perforation of an ulcer is a common complication of a rapidly developing peptic ulcer. If patients with bleeding from an ulcer are constrained by “strange drowsiness” and numbness, then patients with perforated ulcers (even the most persistent ones) “bend from pain” at one moment.

    What is perforation of an ulcer? Imagine a stomach - in fact, it is a hollow bag filled with some food and acidic gastric juice.

    When an ulcer is perforated between the stomach cavity and the abdominal cavity in which it is located, a direct message is formed, that is, the ulcer deepens so much that it pierces the wall of the stomach through.

    At the same time, gastric juice flows from the stomach, which greatly irritates the peritoneum - this causes unbearable pain.

    This complication of peptic ulcer also develops suddenly.

    Following the instructions from method No. 1, one can also expect perforation, and perforation with bleeding may also occur. To achieve the desired for sure, we advise you to regularly torment the stomach with spicy, greasy, fried and salty foods.

    Symptoms of perforation of a stomach ulcer are as follows: the patient suddenly bends from an attack of severe pain in the upper abdomen or in the navel. The abdominal muscles tighten strongly, forming the so-called wooden abdomen. When an ulcer is pierced, the pain gradually moves to the iliac region (“under the spoon”).

    If you decide to stop on this method, then you need to know that the suffering of the patient with perforation of the ulcer does not end there. Without medical assistance, he will die only after a few days from peritonitis (purulent inflammation of the abdominal cavity).

    Method number 3. To die from penetration

    Penetration is one of the frequent complications of peptic ulcer disease, in which the peptic ulcer leads to soldering of the walls of the stomach with one of the neighboring organs (for example, the intestines or pancreas) and the gradual penetration of the ulcer into this organ.

    Penetration is much less dangerous perforation, since with it the ulcer still remains closed, and massive infection of the abdominal cavity with microbes (peritonitis) does not occur. However, one can die from penetration.

    The most dangerous penetration into the pancreas.

    This organ is extremely sensitive to various kinds of injuries and therefore, when an ulcer crashes into it, acute pancreatitis can develop in a matter of hours, which in itself is much more dangerous than any of the complications of peptic ulcer.

    The chances of penetration are greater in chronic patients with peptic ulcer disease, who, although they are taking treatment, do not bring it to the end, but perforation is more often observed in young people with a short history of the disease.

    Method number 4. Die from pyloric stenosis

    If you decide to die from pyloric stenosis, you will have to wait a bit. I must say that few die with such a death - most people who want to, thanks to the persistent refusal to treat, sooner or later die either from bleeding or from perforation.

    The pylorus is the final section of the stomach connecting it to the duodenum. In the pyloric zone, ulcers are formed especially often, since it is this part of the stomach that is most suitable for the life of Helicobacter pylori (the bacterium that causes the formation of ulcers), and it is here that the acidity of the gastric juice is maximal.

    According to the anatomical structure, the pylorus of the stomach is a narrow channel equipped with muscle rings that can contract and relax. With muscle contraction, the pyloric canal closes and the stomach cavity is separated from the intestinal cavity. When the pyloric muscles relax, the channel expands and part of the food from the stomach passes into the duodenum for further digestion.

    The pyloric stenosis is characterized by its irreversible narrowing and deformation on the background of a chronic ulcer that affects this section of the stomach. In fact, the ulcer turns into a large hard scar, which deforms and tightens the pyloric canal, due to which it loses the ability to expand, and, therefore, to pass food into the duodenum.

    The first symptoms of pyloric stenosis may appear many years after the onset of peptic ulcer. The disease begins with a feeling of fullness of the stomach after eating, heaviness and pain in the stomach, sour belching with an unpleasant odor. Also, patients complain that after a long time after eating they hear how “fluid splashes” in the stomach and feel the stomach is full.

    A characteristic symptom of pyloric stenosis is vomiting, which in the late stages of the disease, when the ulcer almost completely blocks the passage from the stomach to the intestines, occurs every time after eating, and greatly alleviates the suffering of patients, but dooms them to death from exhaustion.

    Indeed, patients with pyloric stenosis die from exhaustion, as sooner or later the communication between the stomach and intestines is completely disrupted due to the proliferation of connective tissue in the area of ​​the old ulcer.

    The treatment of pyloric stenosis can only be surgical. Usually, during the operation, the affected part of the stomach is removed, and the healthy part of the organ is sutured to the small intestine to restore the message.

    Method number 5. To die from stomach cancer

    Malignant degeneration of a stomach ulcer is the most formidable complication of peptic ulcer. Externally, superficial forms of stomach cancer are very similar to an ulcer, and therefore it is sometimes very difficult to distinguish between them.

    An ulcer can give rise to cancer, or it can develop at the base of the tumor. The degeneration of an ulcer into cancer occurs due to a violation of the processes of reproduction and growth of cells in the focus of chronic inflammation, which is with an ulcer.

    More rarely, an already existing tumor gives rise to an ulcer.

    Gastric cancer is a very aggressive tumor that is difficult to treat and often leads to patient death. Malignancy (malignancy) of an ulcer is most often observed in patients suffering from an ulcer for many years. In such cases, stomach cancer is the final act of the development of the disease.

    The development of stomach cancer can remain invisible to the patient for a long time. The first symptoms of cancer are a change in the nature of pain: if a peptic ulcer is characterized by hunger pain that calms down after eating, then with cancer the pain ceases to depend on food intake and becomes almost constant. Also, patients may notice food intolerance, weight loss.

    Gastric cancer detected in the initial stages is completely curable by surgical methods (removal of the affected area of ​​the stomach). In the advanced stages of cancer, with the presence of metastases in other organs of cancer treatment, it is very difficult and often does not bring any results.

    In this article we wanted to show the reader how dangerous peptic ulcer can be if its treatment is “abandoned”. If you have symptoms of peptic ulcer, you should immediately consult a doctor for advice and help. Before use, consult a specialist.
    Good luck to you!

    Burst ulcer of the stomach: causes and consequences

    For many years, unsuccessfully struggling with gastritis and ulcers?

    “You will be amazed how easy it is to cure gastritis and ulcers simply by taking every day ...

    Peptic ulcer is characterized by damage to the integument of the stomach. Without proper therapy, the disease worsens, pathology spreads to all layers of the organ and can lead to rupture of the ulcer. The consequences when a stomach ulcer burst can be deplorable and result in death for the patient.

    When a stomach ulcer burst, only an urgent surgical intervention can save the patient. So what are the consequences of a bursting stomach ulcer for the body?

    The third period is the phase of purulent diffuse peritonitis

    12 hours after perforation as a result of intoxication, the general condition of the patient rapidly deteriorates.

    This period proceeds with the following symptoms:

    • constant indomitable vomiting, which leads to dehydration,
    • sharp jumps in temperature occur: at first it rises to maximum, and then drops,
    • rapid heart rate, lowering blood pressure to a critical,
    • an increase in the abdomen in volume as a result of the accumulation of a large amount of gas and liquid in the abdominal cavity,
    • a decrease, and then a complete absence of the process of urination,
    • the patient does not respond to external stimuli, lethargic and indifferent.

    Surgery at this stage in rare cases leads to positive results.

    Diagnosis of a burst ulcer

    A perforated gastric ulcer should be differentiated from the following diseases:

    • phlegmon of the stomach,
    • oncological malignant neoplasms in the gastric wall,
    • myocardial infarction
    • disorders of the mesenteric circulation,
    • pleurisy and pneumonia,
    • rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    To clarify the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a diagnosis (x-ray examination of the peritoneum, endoscopic examination, ultrasound, laboratory tests, laparoscopy and other methods).

    The consequences of a burst stomach ulcer

    Surgery is the only emergency method for perforating a stomach ulcer. The patient urgently needs to be hospitalized to avoid dangerous consequences.

    Perforation of a stomach ulcer causes:

    1. Ingestion of the contents of the stomach.
    2. Intolerant pain.
    3. Intoxication of the internal organs in the abdominal cavity.
    4. The development of peritonitis.
    5. Failure to perform emergency surgery almost always results in death for the patient.

    Surgical intervention will allow a slight decrease in this indicator.

    To avoid dangerous complications of peptic ulcer disease, it is necessary to adhere to certain recommendations: lead a healthy lifestyle, pay attention to food, move more.

    Healthy sleep and breathing exercises are also preventative methods. It is recommended to abandon bad habits: smoking and alcohol, as well as avoid stressful situations. Adherence to all recommendations will protect the stomach from the development of ulcers and its complications.

    The second period is the phase of bacterial peritonitis

    This period develops approximately 6 hours after perforation and is characterized by a decrease in the manifestation of symptoms. In patients in a state of euphoria in some cases there is a fraudulent feeling of better health.

    Typical symptoms for this phase:

    • pulse increases and blood pressure decreases,
    • there is an increase in body temperature,
    • intestinal motility
    • muscles of the peritoneum relax and breathing become abdominal or pectoral-abdominal,
    • dry tongue with a gray coating on the top of the tongue and on the sides.

    This period is critical for emergency care to the patient. The occurrence of a subsequent phase usually leads to the death of the patient.

    Treatment of perforated gastric ulcer

    The only treatment method that promises a favorable prognosis is surgery, during which the entire stomach and abdominal cavity are completely cleansed. They also close the perforation or perform a resection of the affected part of the digestive organ.

    Peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum

    Before starting treatment, it is necessary to clean the ulcer with sweetened honey water (1 tsp. Honey in a glass of water). Honey water should be drunk in the morning on an empty stomach several times during the day 30 minutes before meals, for 10-12 days.

    Daily drink at night 1 hundred fresh kefir mixed with 1 tbsp. l vegetable oil. The tool reliably tightens ulcers. The course of treatment is 1.5-2 months:

    Steamed or baked onions taken orally 50-100 g 1-2 times a day 15 minutes before meals. The course of treatment is 2-3 weeks. After 10 days, you can repeat if necessary.

    • 20 g of crushed walnuts, pour 100 g of boiling water, insist, stirring, 30 minutes, strain, add 1-2 tsp. honey. Take 1 dess. l 5-6 times a day. The mixture protects ulcers well.

    • It is useful to eat 25-30 g of walnut kernels daily (5-6 pieces). Regardless of whether there is pain or not, treatment should be repeated every year in late autumn - early winter and spring.

    1-2 tsp (with top) inflorescences pour 1 cup boiling water, and after 10 minutes. strain. In the mornings, before getting up, drink a cup of warm unsweetened chamomile tea in small sips. Then 5 min. lie in a relaxed state on your back, 5 minutes on your left side, 5 minutes on your stomach, 5 minutes on your right side.

    2 tbsp. l dry chopped chamomile flowers pour 2 cups boiling water, insist, wrapped, 5-6 hours, strain. Take half a glass 40-50 minutes before a meal. The course of treatment: 4-6 months. Such a long intake of infusion contributes to scarring of the duodenal ulcer.

    AT EXPLOSION OF AN ULCER

    Daily in the morning on an empty stomach, 1.5 hours before a meal, you need to drink 2 raw protein. Before going to bed do the same. Continue treatment for a week. Helps with exacerbation or a bleeding ulcer.

    Sort raw buckwheat and lightly fry in a dry skillet. 3-4 tbsp. tablespoons of cereal in the evening, steam 10 tablespoons of boiling water (preferably in a thermos). Eat for first or second breakfast. The course of treatment: from 1 week to 1.5 months, depending on the condition of the patient and his diet. This is a good treatment for the acute stage of peptic ulcer.

    FROM GASTRITIS, INFLAMMATION AND INTESTINAL ULCER

    Take two apples, preferably green, grate them on a fine grater. Eat immediately. Do not add sugar and honey. After that, do not eat or drink anything (except water and tea without sugar) for three hours, otherwise the stomach will swell and instead of treatment, torment will turn out.This is done in the mornings on an empty stomach for one and a half to two months, but usually the disease, depending on its neglect, completely disappears earlier than this period.

    Watch the video: Stomach Ulcer. Nucleus Health (April 2020).